ALL ABOUT
TUNBRIDGE WELLS

Page 5

 

THE HISTORY OF 11 CALVERLEY PARK GARDENS

Written By: Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay,Ontario,Canada

Originally Written : September 13,2015

Updated; April 25,2018

PREAMBLE

This article was originally written in 2015 but recently some new photographs pertaining to the home from a family album were found along with some information about additional occupants of the residence not previously found. As a result this article has been updated.

OVERVIEW  

No. 11 Calverley Park Gardens was one of the sixteen original homes built on this road, which begins on the east at Pembury Road and connects to Calverley Road on the West. This home was one of several built along this road by William Willicombe (1800-1875) in the 1860’s and was a 2 sty home  with a basement and attic,built of red brick in the Old English Style.

The home was named “Stanton Lodge” by its first occupant, a name that continued in use for many years. In the 19th century the home was occupied by a number of widows and by notable families. In the early 1900’s the home became known as “Boondaar” a name given to the home by Alexander Brand Webster (1842-1923), although the home was not  known by that name later in its history.

In 1960 the home was converted into four flats with garages constructed at the rear for its occupants, with access from Pembury Road. Attempts by the owner of the property in the 1990s to develop the rear of the grounds adjacent to Shandon Close were not successful.

This article reports on the history of the home and provides information about some of its early occupants. Shown above is a view of the home taken May 2015.

LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION 

The home at No. 11 Calverley Park Gardens named “Stanton Lodge”, is similar in many respects to other homes built on the north side of this road, such as Beech Holm (No. 7) Galloway House (No. 9) and  Sandhurst Lodge (No. 5) which are shown below in the order listed from left to right. The 1911 census recorded that it was a home of 16 rooms.

This  home ,along with the others listed above were all built by the well-known local builder Willicombe (1800-1975) and was built in the early 1860’s.

Shown below is a 1909 os map on which labelled in red is the location of this home, which is found on the north west corner of Calverley Park Gardens and Pembury Road. This triangular lot was in 1909 bordered on the north by a long driveway leading to one of Pembury Road’s  grand mansions with its fish pond. In the 1960’s the area to the north of No. 11 was redeveloped and became “Shandon Close” a development of 10 detached homes. An attempt by the owner of No. 11 to obtain Planning permission to construct a new home at the rear of No. 11 with access from Shandon Close was not successful.

Stanton Lodge (No. 11) sat on large and well landscaped grounds. The home was screened from Calverley Park Gardens by tall hedging and on the site today is a very extensive planting of mature trees and shrubs, making a good view of the home from the road difficult.  Unlike most of the homes on the south side of Calverley Park Gardens No. 11 did not have an entrance lodge, gardeners cottage or coachmans cottage/stables, and few others on the north side of road did either.

The home itself was constructed of red brick with a tile roof. Its large and ornate chimneys were a typical style and were connected to ornate fireplaces which provided heat to the rooms. The home’s exterior featured long and short stone quoins on the corners  and a large bay window on the main floor with decorative stone work above. The attic space was lit by windows in the gables and by dormers and was used for accommodation of servants and storage. The basement had large windows and was the domain of the servants where the kitchen, pantry, scullery etc were located. On the main floor was the cloak room, dining room, sitting room and morning room. On the floor above was the bedrooms and bathroom.

In 1960 the home was divided up into four flats, a use that continues today. In the same timeframe Planning Approval was given for the construction of garages behind the main house which were accessed from Pembury Road.

THE OCCUPANTS OF THE HOME

Given below is a table summarizing the known occupants of No. 11. This list was compiled based on a review of available directories, census records, probate records and other documents. There are gaps in the list due to the unavailability of records for each year in the study period. No deliberate attempt was made to investigate the homes occupants  beyond about 1938. The dates given in this table should be considered as a guide only unless otherwise stated in the more detailed accounts given of some of its occupants presented below the table.

The exact date of construction of the home is not known, but it was occupied in 1861 by Arthur William Begbie and no listing for the home was found in the 1858 Melville directory. Directories  before 1874 in many cases did not provide the street address or name of the residence and so other records proved useful during the research.

1861-1870…………..Alfred William Begbie (at No.13 in 1871 census)

1874-1876………….Hugh Vans Hathorn

1876-1877…………..William Darley Hull (died at No. 11 in 1877)

1877-1883………….Jennetta Catherine Hull ,widow of above ,died at No. 11 in 1883

1891-1899…………..Major Humphrey John Hare

1902-1908………….Alexander Brand Webster (when named Boondaar)

1905…………………..James McNair Dick (died at Boondaar 1905)

1907-1910…………. A. Lang (when called Boondaar)

1911-1914………….. Mrs Louisa Kelly (died at No. 11 in 1914)

1930-1934………….. Mrs Ada Campbell

1954-1960………….. L. Middleton

[1] ALFRED WILLIAM BEGBIE (1801-1873)

Alfred is found at Stanton Lodge (No. 11) in the 1861 census but was gone from the home by 1871.The 1865 electoral list  gave the listing “Alfred William Begbie, Calverley Park Gardens”. He was not found there in the 1862 Kelly but was listed at Calverley Park Gardens in the 1867 Kelly and is found at Calverley Park Gardens in the 1868 electoral list. . The 1874 Kelly directory gave Hugh Vans Hathorn at No. 11. Alfred was in the Honorable East India Company Service between 1821 and 1853.

Alfred  was born December 1,1801 at Hendon,Middlesex, one of 10 children born to Peter Luke Begbie (1768-1815) of Hammersmith,London, and Frances Janes (1772-1849) who died at Dheltenham,Gloucestershire. Alfred was baptised January 1,1802 at Hendon,Middlesex. An image of Peter Luke Begbie is shown opposite.

Alfred first married Margaret Anna Grant (1764-1827) and with her had  two children. An image of Margaret is shown opposite. She was the daughter of James Grant (1738-1811)  and Harriet Montague They were married on August 30,1824 at Allahabad, India. Margaret died June 23,1828 at Humeerpore,India. An image  of Margaret is shown left.

Alfred’s second wife was Margaret Watt, daughter of Isaac Watt, on February 22,1836 at Allahabad, India and with her had a daughter Gertrude Emma Begbie.Gertrude marred John Henry Master and had children.

Alfred’s  third wife was Lucy, born 1810 at Coventry, Warwickshire and with her had two children.

The 1861 census, taken at Stanton Lodge (No. 11) gave Alfred William Begbie as a retired gentleman formerly of the Bengal Civil Service. With him was his wife Lucy, their son Alfred John, born 1850 in India; his married daughter Gertrude Emmy Bylo born 1842 in India, a grandson Alexander William D. Cambell born 1849 and four servants (butler, cook,housemain and kitchenmaid). Next door at No. 9 Calverley Park Gardens was Hugh Vans Hathorn and his family.

The Illustrated Papers of the History of Antiquaries of the City of Coventry dated 1871 gave as a subscriber “ Mrs Begbie, Stenton Lodge,Tunbridge Wells.

Sometime before 1871 the Begbie family left No. 11 and moved to No. 13. The reference to No. 13 is a confusing one in the 1882 Kelly for No. 11 was the last house on the north side of Calverley Park Gardens according to the 1909 map. The 1871 census, taken at 13 Calverley Park Gardens gave Alfred as retired formerly with the Bengal Civil Service. With him was his wife Lucy, their son Alfred, one visitor and four servants. At No. 11 at this time was Hugh Vans Hathorn and his family ,for whom further information is given later.

Probate records gave Alfred William Begbie, esq., late of Tunbridge Wells, died June 5,1873 at Tunbridge Wells. The executor of his under 14,000 pound estate was his widow Lucy Begbie. Based on the 1871 census it can be concluded that he died while a resident of No. 13 Calverley Park Gardens.

The 1881 census, taken at 8 Ambrose Place , Broadwater,Sussex gave Lucy Begbie as a widow  living from dividends. With her was just two servants.

Probate records gave Lucy Begbie formerly of Tunbridge Wells but late of Worthing,Sussex, widow, who died march 27,1886 at Worthing. The executor of her 1,437 pound estate were Rev. Alfred John Begbie of Fransden,Suffolk, clerk, the son.

[2] HUGH VANS HATHORN (1804-1882)

Given here is a record for this gentlemen reported on in the articles I wrote about the history of the home at No. 9 Calverley Park Gardens, which refers to the time he lived at No. 11 and at other places. He seemed to be a man who moved around a lot within Calverley Park Gardens.  He is listed in the 1874  and 1882 Kelly directory at No. 11 .

The first occupant of No. 9 Calverley Park Gardens was Hugh Van Hathorn, formerly of the Bengal Civic Service. He was listed in 1859 electoral record as living at No. 5 Calverley Park Terrace. He is listed  at the home (No. 9)in the 1861 census and the 1867 Kelly directory.In 1874 and 1882 he is listed in the local directory as being at No. 11 Calverley park Gardens . The 1881 census however gave him living at No. 9 Calverley Park Gardens. Probate records reported he died in 1882 while a resident of Galloway House (No. 9). A confusing array of listings indicating that he moved about between No. 5. No. 9 and No. 11 Calverley Park Gardens.

He named the home  “Galloway House” after the birth place of his wife in Galloway Scotland,which is a region in southwestern Scotland comprising the counties of Wigtown and Kirkcubright.

Hugh Van Hathorn was born November 12,1894 in London. He was baptised January 1,1895 at St. Luke Old Street,Finsbury,London and was one of six children born to George Hathorn (1766-1848) and Sarah Hathorn, nee Donaldson. Hugh spent his childhood years living in London with his parents and siblings.

On January 25,1825 he married Maria Anstruther Hare and with her had two children. Maria died April 8,1829 no doubt from child birth difficulties.

On July 4,1842 Hugh married his first cousin Susan Hathorn (1817-1849)  at the Parish Chapel in Pancras, London. With her Hugh had three children who were born in India. Hugh was at this time a judge in Bengal India with the Bengal Civil Service. His wife Susan died in the 3rd qtr of 1849 at Hastings,Sussex. Susan was born March 3,1817 at Stoneykirk Wigtown,Scotland. She was one of three children born to Vans Hathorn (1753-1839) and Jane Dalrymple-Hay who died in 1822. Her brother Hugh was born in Scotland as was her sister Jane.

Hugh and some of his children moved from Hastings,Sussex to Tunbridge Wells,arriving by 1857 at the latest for he is listed in the town in a 1857 electoral record. In 1859 the electoral record gave Hugh Van Hathorn living at 5 Calverley Park Terrace but by 1860 he moved to No. 9 Calverley Park Gardens.

The 1861 census, taken at Galloway House gave Hugh as a widower with the East India Civil Service and an annuitant. With him was his spinster daughter Maria Susannah born 1845 in India. Also present was a 9 year old grandson born in India and a 8 year old granddaughter born in India. Also in the home were four servants. The 1867 Kelly directory gave Hugh residing at Galloway House.

Sometime after 1867 and before 1871 Hugh moved to No. 11 Calverley Park Gardens. He is found there in the 1871 census with the occupation of “Bengal Civil Service retired”. With him was his daughter Mary, age 26; a cousin Jane born 1823 in Scotland; a 16 year old granddaughter Julia D and a 15 year old granddaughter Ruth. Also present were five servants (cook, ladys maid,parlor maid, housemaid and a kitchen maid). The 1874 Kelly directory recorded Hugh still at No. 11 Calverley Park Gardens.

Confusingly the 1882 Kelly directory gave Hugh still at No. 11 but the 1881 census, taken at 9 Calverley Park Gardens (Galloway House) gave Hugh as “late India Service”. With him was his sister in law Jane V Hathorn, born in 1856 and Ruth, his grandaughter.Also in the home were five servants.

Probate records gave Hugh Van Hathorn  late of Galloway House Calverley Park Gardens and that he died November 23,1882. The executor of his 10,269 pound estate was Jane Hathorn of Galloway House,spinster. There was no burial record for Hugh in the Tunbridge Wells Borough Cemetery.

Hugh’s death was reported in the London Gazette of February 2,1883 and noted that Thomas Simpson , a solicitor of Tunbridge Wells, was handling his estate. The Law Times of February 10,1883 gave the same notice. As did the Kent & Sussex Courier of February 9,1883.All of these accounts reported that Hugh was of Galloway House at the time of his death and presumably he died in the home.

During Hughe’s absence from Galloway House in the period of 1868 to 1878 it was occupied by Mrs Engleheart.She then left and Hugh moved back in and stayed there until his death. After he died the home was occupied for a time by Jane Hathorn, who was referred to the executor of his estate. It appears she remained in the home until about 1898.

[3] WILLIAM DARLEY HULL AND WIFE

William is found at No. 11 in his probate record of 1877. It is interesting to note from the above that Hugh Vans Hathorn was listed at this address in both the 1874 and 1882 Kelly directory.

William Darley Hull was born 1806 in Ireland and was one of five  sons born to Major William Hull (1781-1831) and Mary Hull. Like his father he served with the military, achieving the rank of Lieutenant.

From a list of officers of the Army  it was noted that William became a Lieutenant on April 9,1825 with the 95th (or Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot.

William was still living in Ireland in the 1830’s. The records of the Geological Society of London dated 1838 recorded that William had been elected a Fellow of the Society December 14,1836, but appears as a member back to at least 1833. In 1836 William was “of Woodhouse ,Ross-trevor,Ireland”.

The Dublin Almanac and General Register of Ireland dated 1847 recorded  “William Darley Hull, F.G.S., Farlburn,Rustrevor, Ireland” under the heading of  Magistrates. William was a member of the Society for the Advancement of Science and their records gave “ William Darley Hull, F.G.S., Farburn, Rostrevor ,Ireland”. William had been elected to this Society in 1867 and was still a member up to the time of his death in 1877.

The records of Trinity College (Dublin Ireland) of 1891 recorded under the heading of “Benefactors of Trinity College 1849” that “Provided by William Darley Hull, esq., to the Museum of Trinity College, a collection of Geological Specimens from various formations, from the London Clay down to the Siluvian, inclusive and containing Saurian remains, from Dorsetshire; also Crinoids,Echinoderms, and Crustacea, valued at 600 pounds”.

A Report of the Foreigners Evangelization Committee of Nice dated December 1862 recorded that William Darley Hull was a member of the committee.

Sometime before 1851 Lieut. William Darley Hull married Jennetta Cathrine Sutherland,nee MacGregor who had been born in Scotland about 1800.  She was the daughter of Lt. Col. Robert MacGregor and Barbara Mackenzie, both of whom were born in Scotland. Jennetta has first married Robert Sutherland in 1825 and upon his death she soon after married William.

The 1851 census, taken at 4 Brock Street at St Swithin,Somerset gave William as a fundholder. With him was his wife Jennetta, born 1893 Ireland and one servant.

The 1871 census, taken at 36 Queen’s Gate Terrace in Kensington,London gave William as a retired officer of the army. With him was his wife Jennetta and six servants (butler,ladys maid,cook,housemaid,kitchen maid and a page).

Sometime in early 1870’s William and his wife moved to Tunbridge Wells and took up residence at No. 11 Calverley Park Gardens. Probate records gave William Darley Hull of Stenton Lodge,Calverley Park Gardens died July 12,1877 at Stenton Lodge. The executor of his under 35,000 pound estate was his widow Jennetta Cathrine Hull. His death record gave his year of birth as 1805. The London Gazette of September 25,1877 gave “William Darley Hull  formerly of No. 36 Queen’s Gate Terrace,South Kensington,Middlesex, but late of Stanton Lodge,Tunbridge Wells died July 12,1877…”

The records of the Paleontographical Society of 1877 record that William Darley Hull esq. F.G.S. was of Stanton Lodge,Tunbridge Wells and a member of this Society.

After her husband’s death Jennetta Cathrine Hull continued to live at Stenton Lodge. The 1881 census taken at this residence gave Jennetta as a widow born 1800 Scotland and living on income from dividends. With her were four servants. Living next door at No.9 at this time was Hugh Vans Hathorn.

Probate records gave Jennetta Cathrine Hull late of Stenton Lodge, widow, who died July 10,1883 at Stenton Lodge. The executors of her 63,875 pound estate were Kenneth Robert Murchison of Brockhurst East Grinstead,Sussex, esq.,the nephew, and Richard Walter Tweedie of 5 Lincoln Inn Fields,Middlesex,solicitor.

There is no record of William or his wife being buried in the Tunbridge Wells Borough Cemetery.

[4] MAJOR HUMPHREY JOHN HARE  

Major Humphrey John Hare is listed at Stenton Lodge in the 1899 directory and the 1891 census. It is believed he took  up residence at this home after the death of Jennetta Cathrine Hull in 1883.

Humphrey was born October 17,1811 at Docking Hall, Lynn, Norfolk Image opposite). He was baptised November 10,1811 at Gorboldisham,Norfolk.Dorking Hall (image opposite) was as grand estate that had been the ancestral home of the Hare family . He was one of three children born to Humphrey John Hare (1776-1856) and Mary Hare, nee Patterson (1778-1817).

Humphrey persued a military career and became a Major in the 4th West York militia.

On September 10,1833 he married Hannah Elizabeth Newbould (1809-1882)who was the daughter and co-heir with her sister Lucy of John Newbould of Bramhope Hall,York. The marriage took place at York. Hannah had been born July 3,1809 at Bramhope, Yorkshire and died 1882 at Dorking,Norfolk.

The 1871 census, taken at The Hall, Docking,Norfolk, gave Humphrey as a major in the West York Militia, a magistrate, landowner and barrister not in practice. With him was his wife Hannah, one niece and seven servants.

The 1881 census, taking at Docking,Norfolk gave Humphrey John Hare as born 1812 Docking,Norfolk and a retired major, a justice of the peace with a master of arts at Oxford University. Living with him was his wife Hannah and eight servants (butler, footman, housekeeper, cook, two kitchen maids and two housemaids).

The 1891 census, taken at ‘The Truscohs” in Bournemouth,Hampshire gave Humphry as a boarder with the Edward Woods family.He was given as a widower and a retired major in the 3rd Btn Prince of Wales regiment, a landowner and a justice of the peace.

After the death of his wife Humphrey moved to Tunbridge Wells .The 1899 Kelly directory gave him at No. 11 Calverley Park Gardens. Hugh Van Hathorn was listed at that address in the 1882 Kelly directory.

Probate records gave Humphrey John Hare of “Bramhope” Tunbridge Wells when he died November 15,1899. The executors of his 19,352 pound estate were Charles Montague Chadwick, M.D. and the Rev. John Watkins, clerk and Edward Geoffrey Ramsbottom,gentleman.  It appears that Humphrey had renamed Stenton Lodge as “Bramhope” after his wifes place of birth, for there is no record of this house name in any directories before this time and as noted above the 1899 Kelly gave him at No. 11. It was not determined where he was buried.

[5] ALEXANDER BRAND WEBSTER (1842-1923)

Thanks to Chris Jones, it was identified that Alexander Brand Webster was a resident of Boondaar, 11 Calverley Park Gardens between 1902 and 1908.

Alexander was born at Montrose, Scotland May 31, 1842 and was one of several children born to John Webster (1800-1887) and Ann Webster, nee Brand (1806-1878).

Alexander first married Mary Ogilvie Savage (1844-1881) and with her had three children between 1875 and 1880, all of whom were born in Australia. Mary had been born in Douglas Isle in 1844 and was the daughter of Christopher Savage and Jane Savage, nee Foster.

Alexander’s second marriage was to Evangeline Andrew Schoebridge (1856-1935) and with he had 6 more children, all born in Australia. Among them were Hilda Mary Webster (born 1892) and Alison Brand Webster (born 1894) who were both born at the family home called “Boondaar” on Webster Road in Deception Bay, Queensland, Australia. This Australian residence was the namesake of the Webster home in Calverley Park Gardens. Both of Alexanders wives died in Australia, as did Alexander on January 21,1923 in Boondaar Webster Road, Deception Bay, Queensland. A photograph of Alexander’s grave in the Toowong Cemetery in Brisbane is shown opposite and on it appears the names of other family members.

In 1866 Alexander sailed on the NETHERBY headed to Australia, after inquiring about employment  there with his brother William who was already in Australia. On  July 14,1866 the ship struck a reef and all that Alexander managed to save was a tin of shortbread. When ended up in Melbourne the Salvation Army gave him a bible and some cutlery and manage to get a  horse and made his way to the goldfields in Victoria but it did not work out for him and headed for Queesland, marking out a claim, but this too did not work out. He then opened a store in Gympie, Queensland and sold tarpaulins, French brandy and miners candles.

In 1874 Alexander went back to England and married Mary Ogilvie Savage and in the same year returned to Australia on the  SS MURZAPORE. The family moved about in the following years but in 1881 they moved to Hobard where Mary died and was buried in Hobart. In 1884 he married Evangeline Adrew Shoobridge at Holy Trinity Church, Hobart. After his second marriage he built ‘Whinstances’ further down the river beyond the Hamilton in 1886. After this house was built Alexander arranged for a large quantity of house furniture to be shipped to him from London.

In 1886 Alexander had a home called ‘Boondaar’ built at Deception Bay’”the home of the chief”.

Alexander later joined his brother William who was a member of the firm Webster, Watkin & Co, dealers chiefly in wine and spirits.When William died Alexander carried on and formed the Brisbane Tug Company . He became President of the Queensland Club in 1906 and entertained Vice Admiral Poole there. He was vice president from 1894 to 1905. In 1929 he entertained the Prince of Wales at a ball held at his ‘Winstanes’ residence.  Further information about the life of Alexander can be found in an article on the internet under ‘Deception Bay Heritage’ entitled “ Alexander Brand Webster 1842-1923”.

[6] JAMES MCNAIR DICK (1845-1905)

The only record of James McNair Dick at Boondaar, Calverley Park Gardens was his probate record which gave “ James McNair Dick of Newtonborn Innellan Argyllshire, died March 30,1905 at ‘Boondaar, 11 Calverley Park Gardens, Tunbridge Wells. Confirmation of his death was by Mary Houston Hastings or Dick, widow and Archibald Campbell Black, Alexander McGrigor and James Dykes Black, writers.”.

It was interesting to note that James died at this home while it was also listed as the residence of Alexander Brand Webster, and it appears therefore that he was a visitor at the home at the time of his death.

A notice of his death reported that he was of Dumbarton and Shanghai, late of S.C. Farmhan & Co, shipbuilders in Shanghai and that he was an engineer with this British owned shipbuilding company in China. It reported that he was age 58 when he died. He was buried in the Tunbridge Wells Borough Cemetery on April 1,1905.

James had been born October 28,1845 at W. Lothian, Scotland and was the son of Murry Dick (1779-1860), a bootmaker, and Agnes McNair(1802-1851). Murry Dick had been born November 2,1799 at Bo’ness, West Lothian Scotland and had married Agnes McNair on July 2,1824 Agnes was born 1800 at the same places as her husband. She and her husband had eight children, all born in Lothian between 1827 and 1845, with James being the youngest child.

James and his wife had at least two sons. One was James McNair Dick, junior, who was born at Inellan, Argyll, Scotland February 10,1897 and who had enlisted in Edingurgh for service in WW1 with the Cambridge Highlanders (service No. 23577) but at the time of his death in France October 2,1918 he was No. 140386 , a private with the Machine Gun Corp.  The second son was Murray McNair Bick who was a planter living in Kensington at the time of his marriage July 5,1921 to Kathleen Mand Watts, a spinster of Manchester and the daughter of Thomas Bennett Watts, gentleman. A witness to the marriage was George M. Dick who most likely was another son of James senior.

The probate for Murry McNair Dick appeared in the Kenya Gazette and noted he had died December 25,1931 at Grange Park, Dick Place, Edinburgh. A previous notice of his death had appeared in the July 11,1933 Kenya Gazette. A window (shown above)bearing the dedication “ In love and admiration of my sons Murray McNair Dick and James McNair Dick”,  was installed in 1935 at the St John the Evangelist Scottish Episcopal Church  on Princess Street, Edinburgh.

[7] A. LANG 

The only definitive information for A. Lang was found by Chris Jones of the Civic Society in a local directory of him at Boondaar, Calverley Park Gardens ,after 1908 but before 1911.  Shown below are a series of five photograhs from a family album, two of which show the gardens at Boondaar dated 1907 and one of a women Marion difficult to read one of the women called Marion appears in all but two of these photographs with what appears to be the initials M.M. L, suggesting perhaps that her surname is Lang. Two of the images were taken at Harrison’s Rocks and one  with Marion and another woman at High Rocks. Another photo was taken at the ‘Huntley’s home in Culverden and another was a photograph of King Charles the Martyr Church.


























[8] MRS LOUISA KELLY

Louisa is recorded at No. 11 in the 1911 census and a 1914 probate record. She was the wife of James Butler Knill Kelly.

James Butler Knill Kelly (18 February 1832 – 15 May 1907) was a Bishop of the Church of England active in the British colony of Newfoundland and in Scotland. Kelly was a participant in the first Lambeth Conference, which was a crucial step in the creation of the Anglican Communion. He was also Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church from 1901 to 1904.

The following information is from National Archives of Canada . “Right Reverend Horatio Powys was appointed Bishop of Sodor and Man in 1854. James Butler Knill Kelly (1832-1907) served as his Domestic Chaplain between 1854 and 1864.James Butler Kelly was educated at Clare College, Cambridge, receiving his BA in 1854, MA in 1858 and D.D. in 1867. He was accepted as a Deacon of the Church of England in 1855, and a priest in 1856. He was Vicar of Kirk Michael, Isle of Man, 1860-64; Archdeacon of Newfoundland, 1865-1867; Coadjutor Bishop of Newfoundland, 1867-1876; and Bishop of Newfoundland, 1876-1877. Kelly and his wife Louisa were married at Fort Massey Church, Halifax, Nova Scotia on October 19, 1871. They returned to England in 1877 where Bishop Kelly held several positions. In 1885 he became Bishop of Moray, Ross and Caithness, Inverness, and in 1901 he became Primus of Scotland.” The archives has microfilmed letters from Archdeacon (later Bishop) Kelly to Bishop Powys, members of the Powys family, and friends in his former Vicarage of Kirk Michael, Isle of Man. Most of the letters were written while Rev. Kelly was in Newfoundland and Bermuda. They describe his arrival in Newfoundland, the challenge of his isolated mission life, his church activities in St. John's, and ministering to isolated communities along the coast. Included are a printed account of the survival of Bishop Kelly from the shipwreck and sinking of the church ship "STAR", 1871; an account of his wedding day, 19 Oct. 1871 in Halifax, Nova Scotia; the new mission ship, "LAVRAK"; social news of church personnel in Bermuda, Isle of Man, and Newfoundland; description of severe epidemics, economic hardships and weather conditions; reference to the growth of the Wesleyan community and the need for more missionaries to help him carry out the work of the Church of England; and a description of a trip to the Holy Land (Beirut and Damascas). Further details about his career can be found on such websites as Wikipedia.

On October 9,1871 James married Louisa Bliss, the daughter of William Blowers Bliss, a prominent judge from Nova Scotia, Canada. The marriage took place in Nova Scotia. 

The 1881 census, taken at Deanwater House, Chesory gave James Butler K Kelly as born 1832 at Wakefields,Yorkshire and that he was the late bishop of Newfoundland and archdeacon of Macclesfield. With him was his wife Louisa, born 1835 in Canada. Also present were five servants.

The 1891 census, taken at Eden Court in Scotland gave James B.K. Kelly with his wife Louisa and six servants. The 1901 census taken at Bishop road, Edencourt, Inverness.Scotland gave James B.K. Kelly with his wife and eight servants.

Upon the death of her husband in 1907 Louisa moved to Tunbridge Wells and by 1911 had taken up residence at No. 11 Calverley Park Gardens. The 1911 census taken at this address gave Louisa Kelly as a widow born 1835 at Halifax.Nova Scotia, Canada. With her in the 16 room residence was five servants.

Rev. James Butler Knott Kelly wrote a number of books and other publications on matters pertaining to religious topics. One of them ,shown opposite, called ‘The Voyage of the Churchship “Star” 1870, was written by him and published in Newfoundland. It is a log of his circumnavigation of Newfoundland in 1870 on board the ship “Star” visiting various communities in hi far flung diocese.

There is an interesting account that can be found online of the activities of Rev James Butler Kelly in Bermuda under the heading “Trinity Church Bermuda”. The story given tells of the three trips he and his wife made to Bermuda between 1868 and 1876.

Probate records gave Louisa Kelly of 11 Calverley Park Gardens, widow, who died October 27,1914. The executors of her 45,040 pound estate were John Worthignton Bliss, clerk, Rev. William Hibbert Binney,clerk D.D., and Helen Fanny Lancaster (wife of Rev. Henry George Lancaster). It was not determined where Louisa was buried as she is not recorded at the Tunbridge Wells Borough Cemetery.

 

THE RAILWAY BELL HOTEL

Written By: Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

Date: June 16,2017

OVERVIEW 

The Railway Bell Hotel was a rather grand sounding name for what amounted to nothing more than a public house with a few rooms upstairs for travellers. The building was erected in the early 1820’s and was located at 1 Mount Pleasant Road, on the north east corner of Grove Hill Road and Mount Pleasant Road, near the SER station. The Railway Bell Hotel however does not appear in directories until after 1847.

A number of licensed victuallers ran the business over the years including Edward Edwards in the late 1840’s to late 1850’s. Edwards was a police constable living at Windmill Fields in 1841 but later took over the Railway Bell Hotel. By 1858  Edwards was operating a wine merchants shop on the High Street, listed in later directories at 25 High Street, but by 1871 he had retired from business and died in Tunbridge Wells in 1877.

Alfred Drake (1827-1890) was the son of Rev. Joseph Drake, and in 1851 was in Ipswich, Suffolk, working as a tea dealer. By 1861 he took over the Railway Bell from Edwards and was still there in 1882. He died in 1890 while operating the York Hotel in the I.O.W.

Joseph Stanwell Fletcher (1850-1900) had been born in Boston, Lincolnshire . He was still in Lincolnshire at the time of the 1861 census. The 1871 census recorded him as a soldier at Woolwich. He married in 1873 at Canterbury; had two sons, both born in India 1877 and 1879 and in 1885 had a daughter at Thanet, Kent.  By 1887 he moved to Tunbridge Wells and was initiated that year into to Pantiles Lodge of the Freemasons. At the time of the 1891 census he was running the Railway Bell Hotel and was still there in 1892 and perhaps as late as 1898. He died in December 1900 while the proprietor of the Talbot Hotel in Ripley, Surrey.

Directories of 1899 to 1903 recorded William Sheldrick (1851-1928)as the licenced victualler of the Railway Bell Hotel.  The 1871 and 1881 census recorded him at the Sea Horse Hotel in Brighton, a hotel run by his widowed mother Martha and himself. At the time of the 1891 census he was the licensed victualler of a hotel in Preston, Sussex. At the time of the 1901 census he was there with his wife Edith, who he married in 1888 at Steyning, Sussex.  He was still at the Railway Bell Hotel at the time of the 1911 census. He left this hotel in 1911 (when it was torn down)and Tunbridge Wells. He died in 1928 at Hammersmith, London.

From my article ‘The Weekes Store-Tunbridge Wells’ dated September 6,2011 I reported that after several prior attempts by the Weekes family to purchase the Railway Bell Hotel they finally succeeded in 1911 and in that year they tore the building down to make way for the expansion of their shop, making William Sheldrick the last proprietor of the hotel. Today and for many years previous the Weeks store is known as Hoopers, a shop my friend Mrs Susan Price and I  looked through on our visit to the town in 2015.

Shown above is a photograph of the Railway Bell Hotel taken 1906-1907 during the rebuilding of the High Street bridge.

LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION

When the building occupied by the Railway Bell Hotel was constructed is not known exactly but a best estimate based on a review of directories and maps is 1828.  It is known from a review of maps that in 1808 the site was just open land, but a map of 1828 shows the existence of a joined strip of buildings along Grove Hill Road and Mount Pleasant Road and so it appears that the building that later became the Railway Bell Hotel was built in 1828 on the north east corner of Grove Hill Road and Mount Pleasant Road near the SER station. The 1824 Pigots directory lists local pubs and hotels but the Railway Bell is not listed among them. It’s not listed in Pigots 1826-1827 directory either and nor is it found in the 1840 Pigots directory. The 1847 Bragshaw directory listed hotels, inns and taverns in the town but no listing for the Railway Bell was among them.

The Railway Bell Hotel was really nothing more than a tavern with a few rooms above for travellers to stay in. The 1911 census recorded that the building consisted of 11 rooms. The hotel was in a good location, especially for those arriving in town by train, and who were thirsty for a pint after their journey. Since the railway did not arrive in the town until 1845 this tavern served as a local watering hole in its early history and no doubt people arriving in the town by horse or by horse and carriage would have stopped there to wet their whistle.

The building itself appears in early 20th century postcards as being constructed of brick and finished in white render with some stonework. Mount Pleasant Road is a much photographed part of town, particularly due to the presence of the SER station which is featured in most of the view looking north from the High Street bridge. Below is a selection of them. The glass globe lights handing from the building over the sidewalk is often featured and the name of the hotel appears on them. One postcard provides a good view of the sign of the hotel below the roofline which sign reads in part “ W. Sheldrick, Bass & Co. Ales & Stout”. The last postcard view in the series was taken in 1925 and shows the Weeke’s shop  expansion to  the former site of the Railway Bell and around the corner on to Grove Hill Road.

THE LICENSED VICTUALLERS

The first person to run the Railway Bell Hotel is not known but by about 1848 Edward Edwards was there and the 1851 census records him there. Given below is a list of known occupants beginning with Edward Edwards and ending in 1911, when the hotel was demolished, with William Sheldrick. The occupancy record between 1851 and 1911 appears to be complete and is based on a review of local directories, census records and related records.

1848-1857  ……..Edward Edwards

1857-1886………………..Alfred Drake

1886-1899…………………Joseph Stanwell Fletcher

1899-1911……………….. William Sheldrick

[1] EDWARD EDWARDS (1818-1877)

Edward Edwards was born in Tunbridge Wells March 16,1818, one of four children born to George Edwards (born 1783) and Hannah Edwards, nee Groombridge (1779-1852). He was baptised in Tunbridge Wells on August 16,1818.

Edward was married twice. His first marriage was to Frances Fanny Gasson (1820-1846) in Tunbridge Wells and with her had two children namely Henry George Edwards born in 1839 and Hannah Wenlock Edwards born circa 1840 but who appears to have died in infancy. Frances was baptised October 6,1820 in Tunbridge Wells, and was the daughter of Henry Gasson and Sarah Gasson, nee Coumber.

The 1841 census taken at Windmill Fields, a residential area located west of St Peters Church, which derives its name from the fact that there used to be a windmill nearby, gave Edward Edwards living in one of the little cottages there and employed as a police constable with the local constabulary. With him was his wife Fanny (Frances Fanny), born 1821 in Kent and their son Henry George Edwards.

Edward’s wife Frances died in Tunbridge Wells in the 4th qtr of 1846. On June 29,1847 Edward married Elizabeth Giles (1825-1914) and with her had two children namely Edward in 1856 and Orlando Herbert Edwards (1863-1934), both of whom were born in Tunbridge Wells. Elizabeth had been born Lambeth, Middlesex, and was baptised May 21,1826 at the Renfrew Road workhouse in Lambeth. In 1832 Elizabeth was living in London. She was the daughter of Thomas Giles.

From a review of directories, maps and other documents it was concluded that Edward became the licensed victualler of the Railway Bell Hotel in 1848 being the first to run the hotel.

The 1851 census, taken at the Railway Bell Hotel, which was referred to in the census as “ Mount Pleasant Terrace” gave Edward as a “publican Railway Bell”. With him was his second wife Elizabeth and his son Henry George Edwards (from his first marriage), and George Edwards, born 1843 in Tunbridge Wells from his second marriage. Both boys were attending school. Also at the Railway Bell at that time were three house servants, one publican apprentice and one inmate labourer.

The 1858 Melville directory listed “ Edward Edwards, wine merchant High Street” indicating that sometime after 1851 and before 1858 Edwards had left the Railway Bell.

The 1861 census taken at 1 Waterloo House, located based on the order of census taking on the High Street between Edgar Terrace at the corner of Grove Hill Road and Christ Church further south on the High Street. Edwards occupation was given as wine merchant and inn keeper but the inn he was the keeper of was not the Railway Bell as you will read later. With Edward in the census was his second wife Elizabeth; his eldest son Henry George Edwards, a “porter wine merchant” and Edward Edwards, born 1856 to his second wife Elizabeth.

The book ‘Yesterdays Bottles (1981) by Peter Tucker and Keigh Hetherington includes a table of wine merchants in Tunbridge Wells and on the list is Cave Edwards & Co. Ltd at 25 High Street. Who Mr Cave was has not been established but the Edwards referred to was Edward Edwards. Shown in this section are two items bearing the name of Cave Edwards & Co Ltd namely a Vulcanite bottle stopper and a screw thread ginger beer/mineral water bottle stopper. Both of these stoppers were recently advertised for sale on ebay and described as “rare”.

The 1867 directory gave the listing “ Edward Edwards, wine & spirit merchant, publican’s valuer and sold agent for Ind. Coope & Co.’s Romford ales, High Street, Tunbridge Wells”.

The 1871 census, taken at Sunny Vale near Vale House and the SER station gave Edward Edwards as a retired wine merchant. With him was his wife Elizabeth and his children Edward and Orlando, both of whom were attending school.  No commercial listing was found for Edward Edwards in the local directory.

Probate records gave Edward Edwards late of Tunbridge Wells, gentleman, who died February 22,1877 at Tunbridge Wells. The executors of his under 3,000 pound estate were Hori Pink, builder, and Charles Tibbs, pork butcher, both of Tunbridge Wells.

[2] ALFRED DRAKE (1827-1890)

Alfred Drake took over as the licensed victualler of the Railway Bell Hotel after Edward Edwards.

Alfred Drake was born January 7,1827 in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, one of four children born to Rev. Joseph Drake (1773-1834) and Elizabeth Drake, nee Phipps. All of Alfred’s siblings were born in London.

At the time of the 1851 census Alfred was at Ipswich St Mary At The Tower, Suffolk, a single man working at that time as a tea dealers shopman.

In 1853 Alfred married Charlotte Pozorny, who was born in 1831 in Tenterden, and with him had six sons and four sons between 1854 and 1876 but not all of them lived to be adults.

The 1861 census, taken at the Railway Bell Hotel, 1 Mount Pleasant gave Alfred as the licensed victualler. With him was his wife Charlotte and his children Charlotte, Henry and Frank. Also there were three visitors, staying in rooms above the pub and three servants that included a waiter, a nurse and a general servant. Alfred and hus family were still at the Railway Bell at the time of the 1871 census. The 1874 directory listed “Alfred Drake, Railway Bell Hotel, 1 Mount Pleasant Road”.

The 1881 census, taken at the Railway Bell on Mount Pleasant Road gave Alfred as a victualler. With him was his wife Charlotte; his son Frank, age 21, an architect; Alfred, age 15, a builders apprentice; and his other children Walter and Rhoda who were attending school. Also there was one barmaid, one visitor, a cook and one general servant.

From the Kent and Sussex Courier June 6, 1873 is the following “WINE AND SPIRIT STORES…..A. DRAKE, WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANT, BEGS to inform his numerous Friends and the Public generally that he has opened a Private Office for the sale of Bottled Goods exclusively. Having for many years past been noted for the fine quality of his Wines and Spirits, A. D. begs most respectfully to solicit a continuance of the liberal patronage already received, and guarantees that all favours entrusted to him shall receive prompt and careful attention.Martell's & Hennessey's Case Brandies, Quality guaranteed, 4s per Bottle.Agent for the Metropolitan Tea Company. The finest Black Tea in England 2s. 6d. per lb.”

From the Kent and Sussex Courier June 27, 1873 is the following “TEMPORARY AUTHORITIES AND TRANSFERS….On the application of Mr. A. Drake of the "Railway Bell," Tunbridge Wells, temporary authority to sell until next transfer day was granted to Mr. David Everest, of the "Leicester Arms Hotel," Penshurst, Mr. Everest being too ill to attend. Similar authority was also granted to Henry Pont, of the "Queen's Head Inn," Brenchley, and to Jane Towner, of the "Primroses," Tonbridge.”

From the Kent and Sussex Courier August 8,1873 was “RAILWAY BELL HOTEL. WINE AND SPIRIT STORES…..A. DRAKE, WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANT,BEGS to inform his numerous Friends and the Public generally that he has opened a Private Office for the sale of Bottled Goods exclusively. Having for many years past been noted for the fine quality of his Wines and Spirits, A. D. begs most respectfully to solicit a continuance of the liberal patronage already received, and guarantees that all favors entrusted to him shall receive prompt and careful attention.Martell’s & Hennessey’s Case Brandies, quality guaranteed, 4s. per Bottle.Agent for the Metropolitan Tea Company— The finest Black Tea in England 3s. 6d. per lb.”

In 1886 Alfred left the Railway Bell and move to the Isle of Wight. Probate records gave Alfred Drake, late of the York Hotel, George Street, Ryde, I.O.W., Southampton, died December 30,1890 at the York Hotel. The executor of his 1,818 pound estate was his widow Charlotte. A photo of the York Hotel is shown above from an advertisement dated 1900 and shows that the hotel was being run at that time by Alfred’s wife Charlotte.

[3] JOSEPH STANWELL FLETCHER (1851-1900)

Joseph took over the Railway Bell Hotel after Alfred Drake left in 1886.

Joseph was born in the 4th qtr of 1851 at Boston, Lincolnshire, one of seven children born to Joseph Fletcher (1823-1908) and Ann Matilda Fletcher, nee Stanwell (1827-1911).

At the time of the 1861 census Joseph was living with his parents and siblings in Boston, Lincolnshire . The 1871 census, taken at Woolwich listed him as a soldier.

Joseph married Sarah Ann Eldridge in the 1st qtr of 1873. She had been born in 1850. Soon after the marriage the couple moved to India. They had three children namely (1) George Henry born 1877 at Meerat, India (2) William Augusta born 1879 at Himalays, India (3) Ethel Beatrice, born 1885 at Thane, Kent.

The records of the Freemasons in Tunbridge Wells record that Joseph Stanwell Fletcher was a “hotel keeper” when he was initiated December 7,1887 into the Pantiles Lodge.

The 1891 census, taken at the Railway Bell in Tunbridge Wells gave Joseph Stanwell Fletcher as the licensed victualler. With him was his wife Sarah and his children George Henry and William Augusta and Ethel Beatrice, the eldest of which were attending school. Also there were two barmaids and two general servants.  Joseph was listed in the 1892 directory at the Railway Bell Hotel but appears to have left by 1899.

Kent & Sussex Courier of September 30,1892 reported “Disorderly and refusing to quit…..Ellen Barber was charged with being disorderly and refusing to quit the "Railway Bell Hotel," on the previous day.Prisoner pleaded guilty.Mr J. S. Fletcher, the landlord, deposed that at about a quarter to four, on the day in question, prisoner was in his bar using abusive language. He ordered her to go outside, but she refused, and he had to call the constable to eject her.The bench inflicted a fine of 5s. and 5s. costs, or 7 Days.The prisoner was further charged with using obscene language, on Mount Pleasant, on the same day.Prisoner pleaded guilty, and was fined 6d. and 5s. costs. Edward Barber, the husband of the previous defendant, who was also charged with refusing to quit the "Railway Bell Hotel," on the previous day.Prisoner denied being inside the house.Mr. J. S. Fletcher deposed that while he was remonstrating with the female prisoner the defendant came up and wanted to fight him for a £5 note. He ordered them both out, but they refused, and he had to call the policeman.P.C. Collyer also proved the case, and prisoner was fined 5s. and 7s. costs.He was further charged with using obscene language, and was fined 5s. and 5s. costs.

The Kent and Sussex Courier of October 28,1892 reported “TONBRIDGE WELLS PETTY SESSIONS LICENSING….An occasional license was granted to Mr. Fletcher, of the "Railway Bell Hotel," for a Bonfire Boys' fancy dress ball, on the 3rd November.”

Probate records gave Joseph Stanwell Fletcher of the Talbot Hotel, Ripley, Surrey when he died December 17,1900. The executors of his 1,778 pound estate was his widow Sarah Fletcher. Joseph was buried at St Mary Magdalen churchyard in Ripley Guildford, Surrey. A photo of his headstone  is shown above.

[4] WILLIAM SHELDRICK (1850-1928)

William took over the running of the Railway Bell Hotel from Joseph Stanwell Fletcher in about 1899.

William was born in the 3rd qtr of 1851 at Pancras, London and was one of at least four children born to William Sheldrick, born 1816 at Isleham, Cambridgeshire and Martha Sheldrick, born 1816 at Isleham.

The 1851 census, taken at 15 Cross Street, Saffron Hill, Middlesex gave William Sheldrick as age 34 and working as a house joiner. With him was his wife Martha and their children Sally, age 13, scholar; Thomas Fuller,age 10, scholar; Alice Mary, age 6 at home and William Sheldrick. Also there was William seniors mother Mary Seldrick, age 73, a collar makers widow.

Williams father had passed away sometime before the taking of the 1871 census at the Sea Horse Hotel at 1 Middle Street, Brighton, Sussex. Present in the census was Martha Sheldrick, widow, age 55 a licenced victualler. With her was her daughter Alice Mary, age 20, born in London and working at the hotel as a barmaid. With her was her brother William, age 20, working for his mother as a cellerman in the hotel and Marth Ann Sheldrick,age 11 who was born in London and attending  school. Also there was one visitor and three servants. A photo of the Sea Horse Hotel is shown opposite. The Sea Horse Hotel (now demolished) was located on Middle Street at the corner of South Street. Before King's Road was built, this pub stood on the cliff edge. Originally known as the Ship-in-Distress. In 1822 it was renamed the Sea House. It was rebuilt c1870’s and finally demolished in the early 1990’s.

The 1881 census, taken at the Sea Horse Hotel gave Martha,age 65 as a hotel keeper. With her was her son William,age 30 the manager at the hotel and her daughter Martha Ann,age 21, an assistant at the hotel. Also there was Martha’s married daughter Alice Mary Stead and her husband William Stead along with five domestic servants.

In 1888, at Steyning, Sussex William married Edith Lambert, who was born 1870 at Arlington, Sussex.

The 1891 census, taken at a hotel in Preston,Sussex gave William as a licensed victualler. With him was his wife Edith  and their daughter Edith May, born 1890 in Brighton, Sussex; three servants and one boarder.

By 1899 William and his family moved to Tunbridge Wells and is found in the 1901 census as the licensed victualler of the Railway Bell Hotel. With him was his wife Edith and three barmaids; a cook and one other domestic servant.

The 1911 census, taken at the Railway Bell Hotel gave William as the licenced victualler. With him was his wife Edith; their daughter Marguerite, born 1893 in Brighton, and two servants. The census recorded that they were living in premises of 11 rooms; that they had been married 23 years and had just the two children, both of whom were still alive.

As noted in the previous section the Weekes family bought the Railway Bell Hotel in 1911 and demolished it, making William Sheldrick the last person to run it.

William Sheldrick passed away in the 2nd qtr of 1928 at Hammersmith, London. No probate record was found for him.

 

WILLIAM CUSHEN’S SHOP IN SOUTHBOROUGH

Written By; Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

Date: December 19,2016

OVERVIEW 

This article reports on the Mansell and Cushen families who resided in Southborough and who from about 1870 to just before WW 1 operated a drapers, milliners and undertakers business from premises in The Parade at 41-43 London Road. This shop building, which still exists today and occupied by Osborne’s convenience shop,is located on the east side of London Road about half way between Sheffield Road on the south and Pennington Road on the north.

George Palfreyman Mansell (1829-1893) started the business and is found there in 1871 but by 1874 he had expanded the business to include being a house and estate agent.  By 1892 he sold his business to William Cushen and  moved to 55 London Road, where he passed away in 1893 with the occupation of house agent and coal merchant.  

William Cushen (1857-1928) who advertised his business as “formerly Mansell” on the front of his drapers, milliners and undertakers shop was still in business at this location at the time of the 1901 census and although no record of the family was found in the 1911 census it is believed by the researcher that he was still living and working in Southborough at his shop until just before WW1. He died August 14,1928 in Portsmouth, Hampshire.

Shown above is a postcard view of London Road during the early 1900’s by Tunbridge Wells photographer and postcard printer/ publisher Harold H. Camburn.

GEORGE PALFREYMAN MANSELL 

George was born 1829 in London  where he grew up and began his working career as a drapers assistant. When he had saved up enough money he married Elizabeth Rachel Mansell (maiden name not known),who was born 1842 in Sevenoaks, Kent, and by 1871 he and his wife took up residence in Southborough. His shop at 41-43 The Parade, London Road Southborough did a good trade and he and his wife lived above the shop. The 1871 census, taken at his London Road shop gave George P. Mansell, as a drapers shopman. With him was his wife Elizabeth R. Mansell and one visitor. He and his wife were still there at the time of the 1881 census.

Directories of 1874 to 1882 gave the listing “ George Palfreyman Mansell, draper, undertaker & house and estate agent, The Parade, Southborough”. Drapers offered a wide assortment of fabrics and related items from which ladies costumes were made. The photo opposite is a generic view of ladies choosing fabrics at a drapers shop.

The 1891 census, taken at 41 and 43 London Road, Southborough, gave George P. Mansell as a draper and house agent. With him was his wife Elizabeth, two drapers assistants, and one domestic servant. In 1892 he left these premises and moved to 55 London Road.

Probate records gave George Palfreyman Mansell of 55 London Road when he died November 18,1893. His occupation was given as house agent and coal merchant. The executor of his 282 pound estate was his widow Elizabeth Rachel Mansell.

WILLIAM CUSHEN 

William was born 1857 at Southsea, Hampshire. He  was one of at least six children born to Edward and Emma Cushen of Hampshire. The 1861 census, taken at Southsea gave William and three of his siblings living with their parents Edward and Emma. A photo of William taken late in life is shown opposite.

The 1871 census, taken at Portsea, Hampshire gave Edward Cushen as born 1824 at West Cover, IOW with the occupation of shopwright. With him was his wife Emma, born 1825 at Lake IOW and their six children, including William who was working as a draper’s apprentice.

The 1881 census, taken at 1B Robertson Street in Hastings, Sussex gave William as a “drapers shopman assistant”, along with many others in related work , living in a lodging house for shop employees.

The 1891 census, taken at Hastings, Sussex gave William working as a drapers assistant at a large establishment. He as staying in a hotel run by the Francis Gildersleeve family  located at 7,8,9,10 Breeds Place . The business William worked for employed many others including nine drapers assistants and several milliners assistants and domestic servants.

On August 17,1892, at St Andrews Church, in Stoke Newington (photo above), William married Emma Richardson Moore, a spinster born 1856 at Stoke Newington and the daughter of Edward Moore and accountant. At the time of their marriage William’s father was listed as “deceased gentleman”. The marriage records noted that William was a bachelor and a “draper The Parade,Southborough”.

The 1899 Kelly directory gave the listing “ William Cushen, 42 and 43 London Road,Southborough. A photograph of his shop is shown opposite. The 1901 census, taken at 42-43 London Road gave William as a “draper shopkeeper employer”. With him was his wife Emma and their son Aylett C. Cushen who was born 1895 in Southborough, most likely above the shop where the family lived. In that same year Anthony Newman, age 53 and his family were at No. 39 London Road operating a drapers shop and employing others, and at No. 45 was George Marcus,age 37 with his family, where he operated a fruitier and greengrocers shop.

The 1903 Kelly directory listed William Cushen at 41-43 London Road. No 1911 census record for the family was found in England but it is most likely that William still had his shop at this location. Below left is a view of London Road taken in 1900 in which Cushman’s shop can be seen in the foreground on the left. The image to the right of it also shows in the foreground on the left the Cushen shop circa 1902.













At some unknown date he and his family left Southborough and moved to Portsea, Hamspshire, where he had spent his earlier life. Probate records gave a William Cushen of 34 Chesterfied Road , Copnar, Portsmouth, Hampshire, when he died August 14,1928. The executor of his 2,131 pound estate was Emma Vine, widow. The death registration record for this gentleman gave his birth as 1857.

Today No. 41-43 London Road is the premises of Osborne’s Convenience shop. Shown opposite is a modern view of it to the left of the lamp standard. To the left of Osborne’s is a shop called “Blooms”. To the immediate right of Osborne’s is the Southborough Computer centre and to the right of it is Henry Pauls Funerals, a nice looking shop with a peaked roof and finished in contrasting brown brick with a decorative shop front in the old style.  

 

 

 

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