ALL ABOUT
TUNBRIDGE WELLS

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THE LIFE AND TIMES OF LUCY KATE CARD

Written By; Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay,Ontario,Canada

Date; September 3,2013

 
THE YEARS BEFORE WW 1            

Lucy Kate Card was born in Tunbridge Wells October 28, 1880 but her birth was not registered until 1881. She was the daughter of William Card, born 1834 in Southborough, an agricultural labourer, and Lucy Card,nee Lawrence, born 1837 at Cheltenham,Gloucestershire and was one of six children born to the couple. The Card family had lived in Southborough for many years. Lucy’s father for example was one of three children born to Joseph Card,born 1817 Speldhurst, an agricultural worker who was living with his father and siblings at Modest Corner in 1851. Lucy’s parents had been married August 21,1861 at Southborough and her mother was the daughter of William Lawrence.

The 1881 census, taken at Church Road in Southborough records Lucy living with her parents and siblings, George,age 19; Louisa,age 16; Mary Ann,age 14 and William Ernest,age 5. Her father was working as an agricultural labourer and her brother George was a drapers assistant.

In the 1891 census, taken at 20 Pennington Road,Southborough Lucy was living with her parents and siblings, Arthur James, age 18 and William,age 15. Her father and brother Arthur were both working as gardener domestics.

Lucy decided to persue a career as a teacher and in the 1901 census, taken at 9 Modest Corner in Southborough she is living with her parents and brother Arthur. Lucy was working at that time in a local school as an assistant teacher. Her father was a gardener and her brother Arthur was a carpenter. Her uncle George Card, born 1829 in Southborough was living alone with one domestic servant at 11 Modest Corner and was working a gardener employing others.

Lucy’s father died in February 1910 and was buried in the Southborough cemetery on February 12th. On September 24,1910 her mother was buried in the same cemetery.

In the 1911 census, taken at 2 Rock Villa, on Mereworth Road,Tunbridge Wells, Lucy was still single and in fact she never got married. She was working as a school teacher but it has not been determined by the researcher what school she taught at. Lucy was living with George  and Mary Ann Cane and their daughter Doris Margaret Cane. Also in the home was one domestic servant. Lucy was listed as the sister-in-law of George Cane, for his wife Mary Ann Cane was Lucy’s sister Mary Ann Card, born 1867 in Southborough.

Before the outbreak of WW 1 there was a shortage of qualified nurses and Lucy decided to offer her services as a volunteer to the war effort by joining the Red Cross  under their VAD initiative. The Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) was a voluntary organization providing field nursing services, mainly in hospitals, in the United Kingdom and various other countries in the British Empire. The organization was founded in August 1909 with the help of the British Red Cross and the Order of St John (St John’s Ambulance) to train medical reserves. It was recognized that there was a shortage of qualified nurses in Britain and it was felt that their workload could be lessened by assigning more mundane jobs  and the nursing of convalescents to lesser trained volunteers thereby freeing up more time and staff for nursing.The need for VAD’s heightened as the threat of war loomed on the horizon.The VAD’s lacked the advanced skill and discipline of professional trained nurses and were often critical of the nursing profession, but the service they provided was unquestionably a valuable one.

The work carried out by the VADs made a significant contribution to medical services in the First World War; 3,000 members became volunteer nurses and 15,000 helped in other ways both at home and abroad. Most VAD’s were of the middle and upper classes and unaccustomed to hardship and traditional hospital discipline. Military authorities would not accept VAD’s at the front line and so were stationed overseas in the main hospitals located near the coast where there was good rail transport and docking facilities.

The involvement of the VADs in nursing the war wounded was not without controversy. The nursing profession, which had been campaigning for state registration and professional recognition since the early years of the century, disapproved of the involvement of VADs which, it was felt, reflected an outdated view of nursing as philanthropic work. Many qualified nurses feared that the VADs would be competing with them unfairly in the professional employment market following the war. One correspondent to the British Nursing Journal in 1915 referred to the ‘dangerous interference of untrained and unskilled women'. Although the introduction of the VAD’s created some initial controversy, relations improved as the war stretched on.VAD’s increased their skill and efficiency and trained nurses were more accepting of the VAD’s contributions. The VAD’s provided an invaluable source of bedside aid in the war effort and many were decorated for distinguished service.

Kent was home to almost a hundred VADs, each with a commandant, medical officer, quartermaster (and lady superintendent for the women), pharmacist and other personnel of all ranks.Although many VAD’s were in hospitals, already in existence before the war, the majority were set up in mansions ,schools and other buildings converted into temporary hospitals, which after the war were, in most cases ,returned to their former use.

In Tunbridge Wells , twelve VAD hospitals were established. Three of them, namely the Tunbridge Wells General Hospital, Tunbridge Wells Eye & Hear Hospital and the Pembury Hospital were already fully operational hospitals serving the needs of the community before the war began. The remaining nine were temporary hospitals and were (1) Bredbury VAD Hospital (also referred to as Bredbury & Crowthers (2) Broomlands Langton VAD  (3) Kingwood Park VAD (4) Kent Nursing Institution VAD (5) Nevill Park VAD (6) Park House VAD (7) Rust Hall VAD (8) Shernfold Park VAD,Frant (9) St Mark’s Schools VAD. Many of these temporary hospitals began to be closed in 1919 and the buildings returned to their owners. Not all of the hospitals were in place when the war began and in some cases there was quite a delay in finding suitable buildings to be put to this new purpose. It is not known which of the local VAD hospitals Lucy volunteered at but it is known from the records of the Red Cross that she did not serve at the following ones (1) Rust hall 92) St Mark’s (3) Bredbury & Crowthers (4) Kingswood.

The records of the British Red Cross were invaluable in reviewing the roll of Lucy Kate Card during WW 1. Shown opposite is the Service Index Card for Lucy from the archives of the British Red Cross Museum. As can be seen she enrolled while living at 2 Rock Villas on Mereworth Road, the same address she was living at the time of the 1911 census. Her age when she enrolled with the Red Cross in 1914 was stated to be 38 years which would incorrectly put her year of birth at 1876. In fact she was 34 when she enrolled. She had been selected by the Red Cross to work in France caring for the wounded soldiers and as the index card shows she was selected for this assignment as a nurse on February 26,1915. Before departing for France and in fact before beginning her VAD work she was given training by the Red Cross and St John’s  in some basic first aid and related nursing skills but in way did she receive the highly specialized training of a professional nurse. To complete this record, it shows that she remained in France until December 14,1919, at which time she was allowed to return to England and civilian life.

Shown opposite is the back of Lucy’s service card which notes on the heading of “other VAD work” that she she was assigned to a Red Cross VAD hospital in Tunbridge Wells in October 1914, just two months after being enrolled. Also shown are the “Honors Awarded’ which I elaborate on later and the she was of “very good” character. Based on the information given in her records it can be concluded that her duties as a Tunbridge Wells VAD hospital began in October 1914 and ended by April 14,1915 when she went to France.

Jane High of the British Red Cross Museum and Archives was very helpful in clarifying Lucy’s service with the Red Cross .She stated that Lucy is also mentioned in their publication “ British Red Cross Register of Overseas Volunteers 1914-1918” in which the following information was given “ Rank; VAD; Name;Miss L.K. Card; Certificate; No. 2715; Passport No. WO; Dept for Ref; VAD; Destination; Rouen,France.Jane also stated “She is also listed in the roll of volunteers who received the British Red Cross Society War Medal”.

While in France she was a nurse who cared for the severely injured soldiers from the bloody Battle of the Somme, a battle my great uncle Edgar Allan Gilbert was killed at when he was cut down by German machine gun fire in 1916 and buried in France.Lucy worked in military hospitals in Le Have,Calais,Rouen and Etaples and based on the records of the Red Cross it appears that she first served at the Rouen hospital.

She had been posted to Le Havre in Northern France where the casino had been hastily converted into a military hospital.As the war came to an end Sister Card was based at the British Military Hospital in Calais.She was presented to King George V while at Calais and then spent two weeks on leave in the South of France before heading home to Britian.

THE DREWEATTS AUCTION OF 2011

The diary of Lucy Kate Card, a ‘Florence Nightingale’ nurse and an archive of other items was in 2011 put up for auction. This collection of items had been passed down to Lucy’s great niece, Joyce Salmon, who had recently died and with nobody to leave it to, she left it to a neighbour who decided to sell the archive. A complete list if items, as presented in the auction catalogue, is given below but in general it consisted of a group of moving diaries, complete with touching letters written by soldiers she had treated in the trenches and in the hospitals.Also was a collection of the five WW1 medals she had been given and her pristine Red Cross commandant’s uniform. The uniform had survived remarkably well and, complete with its starched collars, was a splendid part of the collection. Also being sold was a collection of sepia photographs. The collection charting Sister Card’s career from 1914 to 1919 was expected to fetch between 1,500 and 2,000 pounds when it was scheduled to go under the hammer at Dreweatt’s Militaria auction in Bristol on March 29,2011 but in fact sold for 3,800 pounds.Malcolm Claridge, of the auction house said “ It’s extremely rare to find such a complete collection of a nurse who worked in British military hospitals during the Great War. It’s amazing that her Red Cross commandant’s uniform has survived in such good condition after nearly 80 years. Her five medals include the Royal Red Cross 2nd Class silver badge in its original Garrard & Co. case and they are wrapped in a piece of lace-edged cloth, which is said to have been part of Queen Victoria’s chemise.She was also mentioned in despatches in December 1918.Perhaps the most moving items are the diary entries Sister Card made describing her harrowing experiences treating the wounded and an album of letters from grateful British,French and Belgian soldiers she nursed back to health”.

Here is a complete description of the items auctioned. “ A Rare Early War ‘Nursing Group of Five to Nurse, Later Sister L.K. Card of the Volunteer Aid Detachment, Royal Red Cross,2nd Class (R.R.C.) Badge G.V.R., silver gilt and enamel, with bow ribband, in Garrard & Co. case of issue, 1914-15 Star( L.K. Card.V.A.D.),British War and Victory Medals, M.I.D. Oakleaf (L.K. Card. V.A.D).Voluntary Medical Service Medal (Lucy K. Card),together with related dress miniatures,cloth and metal insignia. A Rare Great War Period V.A.D. Nursing Uniform,complete with collars and aprons.A comprehensive Collection of Original Period Hand Written Correspondence to Sister Card from British,Commonwealth and French Soldiers from No. 10850 Pte W. Newman,A Company,ist Batt. The Buffs,B.E.F., 16th December 1914 Dear Miss Card, I now have the pleasure of writing these lines to you hoping they will reach you quite safe and find you in the best of health as it leaves me at present I have been out here since 8th of Nov and getting quite used to it. We are in our little dugouts in the trenches and they are alright except when it rains, then we are up to our eyes in clay digging them out again.We are getting plenty of rain this month,we also had snow and frost early part of last month,we are in these trenches till after Christmas I think,but there is one thing we get plenty of cigarettes to smoke and pass our time away with,of course you don’t expect things to be all honey on these turn-outs, but we are all looking now for the best,which I don’t think will be long as things seem to be looking well on the Allies side.We have got a few (Germans) in front of us, but they don’t worry us much as I think myself they must be nearly fed up with it too, they have a snipe and then pop back in their holes again like rabbits’ From Sapper W. Clark, Signal Corp,16th March 1916’Dear Sister. Your very welcome letter came to hand a few days ago, to which IO should have replied before now,had not circumstances decreed otherwise.We were in the trenches all Monday night and up to 9 am on Tuesday morning and I can tell you we had a pretty lively time.In fact my neck (the dirty one), is nearly stiff with ducking my head to avoid entering it, we went up again this morning and stopped there till about 4:30pm.Again having a lively half,in fact I am glad to say, that despite all liveliness we came out of it all, every one of us in one piece,satisfied for a while with the experience’. From a Belgian Soldier 19th Jan 1915 (Translated) Miss Card, I would like to inform you that on the 18th of this month I will rejoin my Regiment on the front, I would tell you I am very happy to go to fight again alongside my comrades and our friends the English and the French’. From Sapper Clarke’s parents ‘Dear Miss Card, Please find enclosed your repaired watch which our son William sent to us. He wrote very feelingly of your extreme kindness to hum while a patient of yours.You will please allow us to bear the cost as a small token of our appreciation of your kindness which we believe was the reason of his quick recovery and return to duty and health.The cause of the delay and length of time taken was owing to the serious nature of the injury to the watch’. From a grieving mother ‘ Dear Nurse, I was pleased to get your letter and the snapshot of our boy. I shall treasure it as the most I have belonging to him. It was a great shock to hear he had passed away. I had so hoped he was on the way to recovery or I would not have left him all on his own,although I know you all was most kind to him and he had everything he could have. I should have liked to have bid him his last farewell,but I hope we shall meet again in our Heavenly home”.

The auction listing continues “ Miss Card,one of the first members of the V.A.D. to cross the Channel when the First War broke out’ Two Original Pocket Diaries-1915-1916 inscribed in pencil by Nurse Card March 31,1916-Harris, a boy in the ward who has a self- inflicted wound, so is therefore a prisioner, gives a pint of blood to save the life of another patient,he’s very sad after his op(operation) but soon regains his spirits’ July 3rd 1916-“A day of days, full convoys in about 5 or 6, about 1000 passed through, men very cheerful, overflow slept on straw, did dressing by light of oil lamp,till about 10, too late for supper’ August 1,1916-‘On night duty tonight in the lines, many very ill, the whole night spent trying to ease their pains,tow died within 10 minutes of one another, oh! Its so ad’ August 11,1916-‘Poor Walter had had his leg amputated’ August 12,1916- ‘Lcpl Walter died tonight,very sorry indeed he was a splendid fellow and so good’. August 13,1916-‘smith had had his leg amputated seems very ill’. August 13,1916-‘Several very ill tonight,poor Smith died just before we came on duty, Foster also died today, oh it is so sad he was so patient, had his leg amputated’.  This concluded the  items put up for auction and by all accounts the auction was well attended and there were several people interested in bidding on this collection.

THE MEDALS LUCY WAS AWARDED

Lucy Kate Card was issued all of the medals listed below and consisted of the 1914-15 Star; the British War Medal; the Victory Medal; the Royal Red Cross 2nd class Medal;The Voluntary Service Medal; and lastly the Mentioned in Despatches(M.I.D) Oakleaf.

 1)      Shown opposite is a “trio’ of medals as part of the general issue of medals to all those who served during WW 1 provided they met certain criteria, Lucy Kate Card did and these are among the collection of medals belonging to Lucy that were part of the auction lot. Details about each of the medals can be found on the internet but the following information is given with regards to the 1914-1915 Star. This medal was awarded to those who saw active service in any theatre of war between August 15,1019 and December 31, 1915 and included “ all civilian medical practitioners, nursing sisters, nurses and others employed with military hospitals, who actually served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of operations”. In addition to the 1914-15 star Lucy was awarded the British War and British Victory Medal.

 2)      Shown opposite is the Royal Red Cross Medal 2nd Class that Lucy was awarded .The RRC Medal was instituted by Queen Victoria in 1883 and was the first example of a British Military Order solely for women.The decoration can be conferred upon members of the nursing services, irrespective of rank and upon anyone, British or foreign, who had been recommended for special devotion or competency while engaged on nursing or hospital duties with the Navy,Army or Air Force. Since 1977 it can be conferred on male members of the nursing scheme. Recipients are designated ‘Members’ and can use the letters ‘RRC’ after their names.The badge is in the form of a cross, in gold with red enamel.”Faith,Hope,Charity” are engraved on the arms of the cross with the date of institution, 1883.In the centre, in relief, is the Regal effigy and on the reverse, the Royal Imperial Crown and Cypher.Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class, which was the medal Lucy Kate Card was awarded, was instituted during the First World War.Reciepients of it are called ‘Associates’ and can use the letters ‘ARRC’ after their names.This award in almost the same but instead of gold it is in silver. Despite the title, the order has no connection with the Red Cross movement although a number of women members of the British Red Cross have received the award in recognition of their nursing services with the British Navy,Army or Air Force.The National Archives maintains a Roll of those warded the Royal Red Cross amongst its War Office Collection.

 3)      Lucy was awarded the Voluntary Medical Service Medal shown opposite. After WW 1 when original members of the British Red Cross had completed 15 years service, the Executive Committee of the society felt that such service should be recognized by the award of a medal. This medal was introduced to recognize 15 years efficient service either with the British Red Cross Society or the St Andrew’s Ambulance Association.Members of Dominion Red Cross were also entitled to earn the medal, provided that their standards of efficiency were not less than those required in Britain. The Medal is in silver with a bust of Florence Nightingale on the obverse, and on the reverse the Geneva and St Andrew’s crosses with the words ‘Long and Efficient Service’.A silver clasp to the medal was awarded for each successive 5 years additional service.A gilt emblem in the form of the Geneva cross was introduced in 1948 to denote 20 years additional service.

 4)      Lucy was awarded the M.I.D. Oakleaf shown opposite. It was worn attached to the ribbon of other medals,such as those in the ‘Trio”. The Mentioned in Despatches Oakleaf was a spray of oak leaves in bronze and was awarded  to anyone mentioned by name in despatches, official reports from superior officers sent to high command in which the person demonstrated gallant or meritorious action.This award was instituted in 1919 but had retroactive effect.

THE YEARS AFTER WW 1           

After the war Lucy returned to England and resumed her teaching career at one of the schools in Tunbridge Wells. The records of the Red Cross indicate that her service in France had ended December 14,1919.Lucy was not a heroine in the common use if that term, but she did risk her life and ministered to the injured and dying men with compassion and devotion. After the war she was mostly unknown and unappreciated, except in the hearts of those soldiers she offered hope and kindness in the midst of the madness.

In 1925 Lucy became the head teacher at St Luke’s School in the Silverdale area. The records of St Lukes’ show she became headmistress on January 5,1925 and that she had replaced Miss Temple who had to resign due to ill health, making Lucy the schools second head teacher. “When Miss Card takes over, the outside of the school was looking a bit the worse for wear, with broken doors and fences, as they hadn’t been painted since the school opened in 1905. Miss Card soon got the front of the school looking smart again by getting the children to make little gardens around the trees,and ivy was trained to cover the bakery wall-where the Silverdale House flats are now. By the 1930’s St Lukes was a busy,thriving school.As it entered the new decade, the average number of pupils at the school was 115-and most other years it was over 100. Until 1931, the  school year ran from the beginning of April-no September as today.By the end of the decade, numbers have been swelled by the first wave of new, modern housing,like Oak Road estate, just beyond the railway bridge. In those dasy nutrition was a problem in many schools, and children were all given 1/3 pint of milk in the mornings to give them their daily calcium. If it was winter, the bottles were warmed by the fireside first. The school logs show that during winters in the 30’s that there were outbreaks of illness: mumps,measles,chicken pox and whooping cough, all kept children off school.Nits were also a problem, and a ‘head inspection’ was made by a nurse. By now the school had firm links with St Luke’s church up the road, with children walking there, two by two, for St Luke’s day and special occasions, like the funeral of King George V on January 28,1936.Times were hard for most parents, as unemployment was high, and there was no housing benefit or Social Security then-there wasn’t even a National Health Service until 1948, any medicines or doctor’s visits had to be paid for. Despite this, the spirit of St Luke’s parents was already strong, with people lending a hand whenever they could. In 1936, the playground’s surface was broken and rough, so parents,staff and children raises the then very large sum of 50 pounds, with concerts,jumble sales,whist drives and donations. Children also got a day off on 18 July 1931, when the Duke and Dutchess of York visited Tunbridge Wells to lay the foundation stone of the new hospital. On 7 May 1935 Mayor and Mayoress visited the school and presented mugs to all the children to celebrate the Silver Jubilee of King George V. In those days teachers brandished a cane and were allowed to mete out punishment as they saw fit!  When the school children came to the school for the new term on September 25 1939 they were turned away at the gates. War had just been declared and the school was awaiting further instructions from the Local Education Authority ‘on account of the country being in a state of war’,says the school log. The school reopened 16 October, but to a different mood,and having to share the building with an evacuated St Joseph’s RC School. For a while the two schools worked a split shift so that one school used facilities in the mornings while the evacuees used the school before coming in thre afternoons. St Lukes had 20 new children starting in 1939., and three of them were evacuees-possibly relatives from London who had been sent to safety. By 1940, the children were issued with gas masks and the school windows were treated with anti-splinter coating, as the threat of air attacks heightened. Two air raid shelters were built in the playground but when the first air raid warning tang out on August 12th 1940 it wasn’t finished.Because of this, it was decided that only half of the children should come to school, meaning even more time out for pupils. By November the shelter was finished; and the children observed a two-minute silence in the shelter on Rememberance Day. Air raids continued throughout 1941, and the children and staff must have appreciated the fact that the shelter, by now , was heated. The School log records that air raid warnings calmed down in 1942 and 1953,but returned with a vengeance in June 1944 with the VA attacks. On 14 July, the LEA agreed that any parents who wished to evacuate their children could send them away the following week. A group of St Luke’s children went to Glamorgan in south Wales. Others left Tunbridge Wells for the safer area with their parents.Despite this, 107 children remained on the roll. The end of the 1944 autumn term saw the retirement of Miss Lucy Kate Card, after 19 years as headteacher.” Peter Parfitt, who at age 73 was living on Silverdale Road, and who attended the school said he fondly remembered Miss Ford, the reception teacher “and Miss Card, the headteacher, who was less glamorous but well respected”. With this I close off my detailed account of the school’s history during the time that Lucky Card was the headmistress and conclude by stating that the school closed in 2007 and the building was sold and today is the home of the Silverdale Day Nursery.

A review of passenger records shows that Lucy Kate Card departed from London August 22,1930 on the steamship Naldera on a trip to Casablanca. She was recorded as age 49, a teacher from Tunbridge Wells who was travelling with another 53 year old teacher by the name of Kate Austen of 98 Upper Grosvenor Road, It is known from the records of St Luke’s school that Kate Austen was not a teacher there and the researcher does not know what school she taught at but was obviously a close friend of Lucy’s. Both of them had made a trip together in 1927 when they boarded the steamship Sawa Mara and departed from London, destined for Italy on August 27,1927. At the time of that trip Lucy was residing at 47 Mereworth Road, which may have been the same house she was living at in 1911.

She served six years between the two wars as a Red Cross Commandant in Kent and then, as WW II loomed she again volunteered to serve her country.This time she was put in charge of anti-gas warfare training at the Kent and Sussex Hospital and for this work she received the Defence Medal. The Defence Medal for her WW II service was not among the medals auctioned off with the rest of her items at the Dreweatts 2011 auction.

Nearing the end of her life Lucy was suffering from breathing difficulties and memory impairment which manifested itself as problems with short attention.Lucy died in Tunbridge Wells in May 1972 and was cremated at the Kent & Sussex Crematorium on May 10,1972.

I would like to thank Rev Caroline Glass Gower ,Vicar of St Lukes, for the information she provide from their archives about the history of St Lukes School in general and of Lucy Card in particular. I would also like to thank Jane High of the British Red Cross Museum for the invaluable information she provide about the career of Lucy Card with the Red Cross.

 

THE SYMS SCOTT FAMILY OF TUNBRIDGE WELLS

Written By; Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay,Ontario,Canada

Date; October 13,2013

ANCESTRAL BACKGROUND

The patriarch of this family,for the purpose of my study of the Tunbridge Wells Scotts,  was Syms Scott who was born December 8,1822 at Hackney,Islington,Middlesex,the son of Benjamin Whinnell Scott(1782-1841),a clergyman with the Anglican Church who worked in the Chamberlain of London’s office, and Susannah Saunders. Syms was baptised November 21,1823 at St John of Hackney,Middlesex and when a young man was educated in London. Syms came from a religious family of the Anglican faith, living and working in the London area.In the 1841 census Syms was living at Hackney, St John,London with his parents.

Syms Scott was one of 10 children born to his parents, a complete list of which is given here (1) John George Scott  born Jan 3,1811 died Oct 13,1818 (2) Elizabeth Mary Scott born Jan 7,1813 died June 6,1844 (3) Benjamin Scott born April 15,1815 died Jan 17, 1892 (4)Susan Scott born Sept 14,1815 died March 17,1843 (5) William Light Scott born May 24,1817.He attended Tonbridge School  1826-1833.He died June 10.1837 (6) James Renat Scott born Dec 19,1819 died May 21,1883 (7) Anne Ley Scott born May 16,1821 died Jan 21,1846 (8) Syms Scott born Dec 8,1822 died July 12,1863 (9) Louisa Scott born Jan 26,1824 died Oct 5,1824  (10) Louisa Scott born Nov 25,1826 died Aug 24,1861.

Syms father Benjamin Whinnell Scott had been born May 7,1782 at Wollwich,London and died December 19,1841 at Hackney,London.Probate records show that Benjamin Whinnell Scott was a resident of Clapton,Hackney,Middlesex at the time of his death.House of Commons records show that Benjamin was called in and examined in 1826 and presented a report  on the dues received by the Lord Mayor  for the past 5 years ,as principal clerk to the Chamberlain of London.He was still the principal clerk in 1840. Benjamin Whinnell Scott was  one of six children born to John Scott (1757-1832) and Mary Whinnell(1752-1818). Benjamin Whinnell Scott had married Susan Saunders on August 3,1809 at St James Church in Picadilly,London.At the time of the marriage Susan was a minor and was married with the consent of her father George Saunders by license.Susan Saunders had been born March 10,1789 at Chevening,Kent and died December 16,1854 at Weybridge,Surrey.

The other children of John Scott and Mary Whinnell were (1)John William Scott(1781-1834) who wed Mary Faithful Wray(1779-1833) in 1803.Like his father J.W. Scott had financial troubles and was a partner in a firm called Manners and Scott which failed and John became bankrupt in 1811 bit a year later,having paid a dividend to his creditors was discharged. After his discharge he worked as a clerk in Poly,Thornton & Co. but in 1819 he left the bank and set up as a stock broker in London. He and his wife Mary had 10 children. (2) Elizabeth Scott (1785-1857).She married Richard Light(1788-1860) who was a tea broker in 1821. The couple did not have any children. (3) Mary Scott died young (4) Edward Desarte Scott died young (5) Margaret Scott died young. John Scott(1757-1832) had been apprenticed to a jeweller in the City of London at the age of 12 (1769). In 1780 John married Mary Whinnell (1752-1818) whos family came from Dorset. After his first wife died he married ( in 1819) Anne Ley(1777-1859) whos family came from Devon. John and Anne did not have any children. John was an ardent evangelist and in 1815 became a partner in a well- known bank in London which, with effect from July 1,1815, was called Pole,thornton,Free,Down & Scott.The bank failed in the 1825 banking crash and John was virtually bankrupted and he died in 1832. John’s siblings were William, born about 1754 who died abroad about 1774; Dalton, born 1726 who married Jane Russel in 1785 and had 2 boys and 2 girls and lastly George Scott, who was the youngest son.Details about him are sparse but it is known he was married and was survived by his wife and he was still living in 1816.

As one can see the Scott family was quite large and to simplify my coverage of them I have left out a considerable amount of detail .Various books and online sources can be consulted by those interested in more detail about the ancestors and relations of the Syms Scott branch of the family. In the following sections I present information about the siblings of Syms Scott.

THE SIBLINGS OF SYMS SCOTT

 (1)    BENJAMIN SCOTT (1814-1892)

Benjamin Scott (photo opposite)was born in London and followed his father into the Chamberlain of London's office as a junior clerk in 1827. He was elected as Chamberlain in 1858, a post which today would be referred to as Chief Executive. He continued in this office until his death. Scott's financial successes for the Corporation of the City of London were considerable. His management saved the Corporation much money, especially when the financial markets were shaky. He felt so much concern for the preservation of open spaces around London that he was directly involved in the acquisition of Epping Forest for the people of London.

Apart from his official duties throughout his life, Benjamin Scott maintained an interest and involvement in many things. He worked for the abolition of church rates and supported many educational projects. He persuaded the Editor of the Pall Mall Gazette to mount a publicity campaign to draw attention to the scandal of trafficking of girls for prostitution, eventually leading to the passing of the Criminal Law Amendment Act in 1885. Scott was a staunch nonconformist and contributed a large sum to the endowment of a nonconformist church in Southwark in memory of the Pilgrim Fathers.

Benjamin, his wife Kate and their three children moved to Weybridge in 1854 into a house built for them near the station, named Heath House (now called Lorimar House). The house belongs to the mid-19th century craze for Italianate architecture made fashionable by Queen Victoria at Osborne House, to the design brief of Prince Albert in 1845.

As a nonconformist Scott was concerned that there was no appropriate place of worship in Weybridge. He started to organise open air services, then evening services in his music room at Heath House. These services were attended by working people unable to attend morning worship because of their jobs. There was no evening service in the Parish Church. Such was the success of the services that a decision was made by Scott and several like-minded people to build a Congregational Church. A plot of land at the junction of Queens Road and York Road was bought by Scott, who also gave £500 towards the building cost. The church was dedicated in 1865. A school-room was built, also at Scott's expense, behind the church building. A British School was formed in 1871 and used this building during the week until it closed in 1907.

Scott was involved in several other local village matters including the Literary Institute founded in the 1860s, and he was a Trustee of Weybridge Poor's Lands. He was also a member of the Royal Astronomical Society, hence the observation tower on Heath House, and he gave weekly lectures, free, on a wide range of subjects.Benjamin and Kate Scott moved to Notting Hill in the late 1870s and both died within a few days of each other as a result of an influenza outbreak in January 1892. They were buried in Weybridge Cemetery, remembered by many local people who appreciated how much they had given to the town.

Benjamin was an accomplished author of  several books throughout his life such as “Lays of the Pilgrim fathers” in 1861. Although most of his books were related to religious subjects he also wrote  a book entitled “The progress of locomotion” on advances made on artificial locomotion in Great Britain in 1854 and “A Statistical vindication of the city of London…” in 1867. In total a diverse collection of books by this author with the last book being published in 1890. There is also a  4 page monograph by Jean Smith entitled “The Storey of Benjamin Scott 1814-1892” published by the Walton and Weybridge Local History Society in 1987.

The following account comes from the Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 51 by Charles Welch. “SCOTT, BENJAMIN (1814–1892), chamberlain of London, son of Benjamin Whinnell Scott, chief clerk to the chamberlain of London, was born in 1814 at Felix Place,Back Road, Islington,London , and entered the chamberlain's office as a junior clerk. In 1841, on the death of his father, he succeeded him as chief clerk, and remained in the service of the corporation in that capacity during the chamberlainship of Sir James Shaw, Sir William Heygate, and Anthony Brown. On the death of Brown early in 1853, Scott received a requisition, as a liveryman of the Wheelwrights' Company, to stand for chamberlain, the office being in the gift of the liverymen of the various companies. For nearly a century the post had been filled from the ranks of aldermen who had passed the mayoralty chair. Scott had for his opponent Alderman Sir John Key [q. v.], who had been twice lord mayor (in 1830 and 1831). After a four days' poll, in which the expenses of the candidates together exceeded 10,000l., Key was elected by the small majority of 224 votes. At the end of 1853, owing to the continued friction produced by the contest, Scott resigned his appointments under the corporation, and a year later became secretary of the new bank of London, which he had taken part in establishing. In July 1858, on the death of Sir John Key, he again became a candidate for the office of chamberlain, and was elected without opposition.

His knowledge of finance made him especially useful to the corporation. On Black Friday 1866, through his judgment in investments, the corporation lost not a penny, although they had at the time 700,000l. out on loan. In 1888 the common council acknowledged his financial services by a eulogistic resolution and the gift of 5,000l. The presentation addresses which he delivered when honorary freedoms were bestowed by the corporation were marked by dignity and eloquence. In 1884 he published for the corporation ‘London's Roll of Fame,’ a collection of such addresses with the replies during the previous 127 years.

For many years he devoted much spare time to lecturing to the working classes, and in December 1851 was the chief promoter of the Working Men's Educational Union, which was formed to organise lectures for workmen. For this society he wrote and published three ‘Lectures on the Christian Catacombs at Rome,’ two ‘Lectures on Artificial Locomotion in Great Britain,’ and a ‘Manual on Popular Lecturing.’ He was a F.R.A.S., and much interested in the study of astronomy and statistics. In 1867 he published a ‘Statistical Vindication of the City of London.’

He was a staunch nonconformist, temperance advocate, and social reformer; and exerted himself strongly for the abolition of church rates, the promotion of ragged schools, state education, and preservation of open spaces. Towards the endowment of the nonconformist church in Southwark in memory of the Pilgrim Fathers he contributed 2,000l. He worked hard to promote the passing of the Criminal Law Amendment Act of 1885, and published an account of his efforts in a pamphlet, ‘Six Years of Labour and Sorrow.’ He died on 17 Jan. 1892, and was buried in Weybridge cemetery with his wife, who predeceased him by three days. He continued the exercise of his official duties till within a short time of his death. He married, in 1842, Kate, daughter of Captain Glegg of the dragoon guards. Four children survived him.His other publications were: 1. ‘The Pilgrim Fathers neither Puritans nor Persecutors,’ 1866; 2nd edit. 1869. 2. ‘Suggestions for a Chamber of Commerce for the City of London,’ 1867. 3. ‘Municipal Government of London,’ 1882. [Scott's Memorials of the Family of Scott, 1876; information supplied by J. B. Scott, esq.; Review of Reviews, v. 139; City Press, 12 Dec. 1891 p. 3, 30 Dec. 1891 p. 3, and 20 Jan. 1892 p. 3; Guildhall Library Catalogue.]

 2)JAMES RENAT SCOTT (1819-1883)            

James was born December 19,1819 at Islignton,Middlesex .He was baptised May 8,1820 by Rev M rose at St Mary Islington.His parents were living at the time of the baptism at Cross Street,Islington and his father Benjamin Whinnell Scott was a “gentleman”.James Renat Scott  died May 21,1883 at Walthamstow,Essex. As a young man he lived with his parents and siblings at the family home in Islington. He received a good education.

James is perhaps best known for the excellent and very detailed book he authored entitled “Memorials of the Family of Scott, of Scott’s Hall, Kent” which was initially published in 1876 while he was living at Clevelands, Walthamstow. This 266 page book, of which the front cover is shown above, was printed by Simmons & Botten at Shoe Lane E.C. London and has been reprinted many times since then. It has been used as one of the key references for those researching the Scott family. The Supplement to Allibone’s Critical Dictionary of English Authors by John Foster Kirk said of this book “ James Renat Scott, F.S.A. is the author of this fine work and has not spared either pains in his researches or expense in the way in which the results of these researches have been put to the reader”. Other historians who have studied this book have been less kind in their opinions for many errors have been found and although this book is often given as a reference in genealogical studies  those referring to it suggest to users “ Use with Care”. John William Scott who wrote about “NOT of Scot’s Hall”, whos family are referred to in “Memorials” stated “ J.R. Scott made the mistakes by his unquestioning acceptance of information which he should have sought to verify”.

When J.R. Scott wrote ‘Memorials” after his name appeared the initials F.S.A. which denotes him as a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. This society is a learned society charged by the charter of 1751 with the encouragement,advancement and furtherance of the study of antiquities and history of Britain and other countries.Today this society is based at Burlington House,Piccadilly,London and is a registered charity. Scotts membership in this society reflects his interest in this field of study. One example of this is found in the book Archaelogia Cantiana Vol 12 of 1878 in which is written “ By the kindness of Mr James Renat Scott, F.S. A., we are enabled to give an illustration of the altar tomb in the north chancel of Birchington Church”.

A second book by him is entitled “Coal, nationally considered; its use,abuse and economy” which was published 1873 in London by E. Wilson. His connection with the coal industry is clarified by the following listing in Fosters Hand List which states “ James Benjamin Scott, born 1847, a student of Lincoln’s Inn November 9,1868 (then age 21) called to the bar June 6,1871 (eldest son of James Renat Scott, clerk of the Coal Market, City of London). A review of records pertaining to the London Coal Market shows that James Renat Scott was the Clerk and Registrar of this market.He is referred to as the Registrar of the London Coal market in an 1868 publication about coal shipping at “The Docks”  who wrote a report of the London coal trade for 1867. In 1876 Mr J.R. Scott is referred to as the Registrar of this market in a book entitled “The Economist”” and in this publication is given a detailed report on the quantity of coal transported for the years 1874 to 1876 by ship and rail. There are also records bearing his name as registrar between the Coal Exchange and the Chamberlain of London certifying the quantity of coal transported by ship and rail for which duties and fees are to be paid by the shipper to the government. In 1846 a Mr Joseph Farmer was the Clerk and Registrar of the London Coal Market and in the same year Benjamin Scott, who I have referred to in this article was with The Chamberlain in London. When James Renat took over as Registrar is not known by the researcher but it appears he did so at an early age and worked in that capacity for his entire working career. His son James Benjamin Scott ,who I refer to later succeeded his father as Registrar of the Coal Market. A reference to this is given in The Daily News of 1890 on the topic of “Coal Traffic to London 1827-1889” which states “The returns which have been carefully tabulated by Mr J.B. Scott, the Registrar of the London Coal Market…” The J.B. Scott referred to is James Benjamin Scott(1847-1908)a photo of whom is shown below.James Benjamin Scott followed his father when he retired as the Registrar of the London Coal Market and remained in that position until the time of his death, although as I have noted above his education was in the legal profession. The London Gazette of June 19,1908 reported that James Benjamin Scott,late of St Katherines, Caterham Valley,Surrey and of 32 The Coal Exchange,London died February 14,1908. Proved by Sarah Scott (his wife) and Theodore Scott (his son) both of St Katherines, the executors.

A review of ancestral records shows that James Benjamin Scott (photo opposite)married Sarah Thomasset July 18,1878 at Walthamstow,Essex. Sarah was born 1852 at Leyton,Essex and baptised January 11,1857 at Leyton. She was one of ten children born to Antoine Louise Theodore Thomasset(1814-1879) of Walthamstow,Essex and Sarah Ann Bartlett(1828-1852). James Benjamin Scott had the following children- Mary Scott born May 7,1880; Kathleen born October 12,1881; Theodore James, born Sept 16,1883; Christin born 1885 and Ernest born 1886.All of the children were born at Walthanstow,Essex.

James Renat Scott married Renee Mary Neilson,the eldest daughter of Claud Neilson, esq, of Summit House, Upper Clapton. James was the 4th son of the late B.W. Scott, esq, of Upper Clapham. The ceremony was performed by Rev. John Gilfderdley, at Stamford-hill Chapel(photo below) , Hackney,London, on March 4,1845.

Renee Mary Neilson had been born February 28,1821 at Hackney,Upper Clapton,Middlesex.She was baptised at Hackney St John March 19,1822.Her parents were given in the baptism records as Claud Neilson and Renee Grishard Neilson. Claud was a merchant and the family were living at Stamford Hill.A marriage license dated September 17,1817 records the marriage of Claud Neilson to Renee G. Clifton and a newspaper report gives “ At Putney, Claud Neilson, esq, only son of Claud Neilson, esq, of Ardarden Dumbartonshire, to Renee, daughter of the late Charles Clifton, esq., of Demerara.

As can be seen from the 1851 census below Renee Mary Neilson came from a large and prosperous family and had at least seven siblings.Probate records for  her father Claud show that he was formerly of Leaden-hall St,London but late of Upper Clapton,Middlesex and of Great St Helens, when he died May 14,1872 at 9 Buccleugh Terrace,Upper Clapton.His will was proved by Claud Neilson of Great St Helens,esq. Boyd Alexander Neilson of Great St Helens,esq., and Charles Clifton Neilson of Lincolns Inn (he was a solicitor).Claud left an estate valued at about 25,000 pounds, a considerable sum for the times. In 1872 the East and West India dock Co had to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Claud Neilson.The business interests of the Neilson family were substantial. For example there is a record of 1820 reporting the ending of the partnerships of Neilson and Hunter, Glasgow; Neilson Johnston & Co (Kingston) and Neilson,Ure & Co in Glasgow and William Ure & Co. in St Thomas. There is also a record from 1927 of the receivership of “ Helen Cox trading as Claud Neilson & Sons 6 Bury Court St Mary Axe London EC merchant”.

The 1851 census, taken at Summit House, Clapton Common,Middlesex(also given as Stamford Hill,London) records Claud Neilson a merchant, widowed, age 59 born in Scotland as head of the household. With him was his children Claud,age 30, single(baptised July 18,1820), merchant; daughter Lockhart,age 25; son Boyd Alerxander,single, age 24(baptised April 24,1827); son Charles C,single,age 22, a solicitor; and his three daughters Jane,age 18; Margaret E,age 15 and Helen H,age 11, all attending school and all born in Hackney,Middlsex.. Also in the home, apart from six domestic servants, were Clauds sister Lockhart Heilson,age 56, born in Scotland,farmer of 40 acres employing 2 labourers; James R. Scott,son in law of Claud Neilson, a coal merchant; Renee M. Scott, wife of James R. Scott and daughter of Claud Neilson; and three of James and Renee’s children namely Annie Susan Scott,age 5,born at Stoke Newington,Middlesex; James B or R Scott,age 3, born at Islington and a Renne C. Scott,age 2, born at Islington. Annie Susan Scott had a short life. She had been born December 25,1845 and was baptised March 4,1846 at St Mary, Stoke on Newington.Annie Susan Scott died March 1855 and was buried March 15,1855 at St John, Hackney,London, age 9.At the time of her death she was living in Leyton.

The 1861 census taken at Harringhay Park,Nornsey,Middlesex records James R Scott born 1821 Islington , no occupation given,with his wife Renee M. Scott,age 38, born at Upper Clapton,Middlesex.Also in the household was their son Claud S Scott,age 3, born at Hornsey,Middlesex; their daughter Louisa Lockhart Scott,age 1, born at Hornsey and two domestic servants. When the 1861 census was taken, James and Renees son James Benjamin Scott ,age 13, born at Stoke Newington, was living with his grandfather Claud Neilson,age 67 and the following members of the Neilson family, Lochpart, age 35; Chambertlain,age 32; Jane, age 28; Helen H,age 231 and Lockpatt,age 65.Also present in that household were three servants. James and Renees daughter Louisa Lockhart Scott died in the 2nd qtr of 1862 at Edmonton and was buried January 23,1862,age 2, at Haringay Park. Baptism records record that Louisa Lockhart Scott was born September 5,1859 and was baptised October 4,1859 and at the time of her baptism the family was living at Haringey Park.

The 1871 census, taken at 19 Carleton Road,Islington, records James R Scott, born 1820 Islington a clerk and Registrar of the Coal Market.Living with him was his wife Renee M. Scott; their son James Benjamin Scott,born 1847,single, a student of law, and their daughter Renee Clifton Scott,single age 22.Also in the home was two domestic servants. Their son Claud Syms Scott, age 13, was not living at home but was a pupil at Tottenham Lane in Fairfield Hornsey,Middlesex.

The 1881 census, taken at Cleveland Marsh St Mary, Essex records James R. Scott born 1820 Islington as a Registrar Coal Market. Living with him was his wife Renee M Scott and their children Renee Clifton Scott,age 32,single and Claud Syms Scott,age 23,single who was working as a locomotive engineer.Also present in the home was one visitor and two domestic servants.

The 1881 census, taken at The Drive, Walthamstow,Essex records as head of household James Benjamin Scott,age 33,born Highbury,Middlesex, working as a deputy clerk. With him was his wife Sarah,age 28, born at Leyton,Essex and their daughter Mary, under 11 months old, born at Walthamstow,Essex. Also in the home was a nurse and a housemaid.

Probate records show that James Renat Scott late of Walthamstow,Essex, Esq., died May 21,1883 at The Drive,Walthamstow. Proved by James Benjamin Scott of Walthamstow and Clarles Clifton Neilson of Upper Clapton,Middlesex,esquires. He left an estate valued at about 2,973 pounds.

Shown above is James headstone  in the graveyard of St Mary the Blessed Virgin Church in Brabourne, Kent. Shown below is a photograph of the church and graveyard.

The 1891 census, taken at 9 The Drive,Walthamstow,Essex records Renee M. Scott as a widow, head of the household, and living on own means. Living with her was her daughter Renne Clifton,single,age 42, living on own means, and her son Claud Syms Scott,single, age 34 who was working as a draftsman with the Railway Locomotive Works. Also in the home were two domestic servants.

The 1891 census, taken at Hillhead,Hoddesdon,Hertsfordshire records James Benjamin Scott,age 43, as head of the household and working as a clerk with the London Coal market. Living with him was his wife Sarah, age 38, four domestic servants and their children Mary,age 10,Born Walthamstow Essex; Kathleen,age 9 and Theodore J.age 7, both born at Walthamstow; Christine,age 5 and Ernest age 4, both born at Hoddesdon,Hertfordshire. The 1901 census, for the same family unit, taken at Mount Terner, Catterham,Surrey records James Benjamin Scott,age 52 , as a barrister at law and Registrar of the London Coal Market.Living with him was his wife Sarah,age 48 and his children Mary, age 19, single; Kathleen,age 19, single; Theodore J,age 17,single, who was an articled clerk to a solicitor; and Christine, age 15.Christine was borj at Broxbourne,Hertsfordshire and the rest of the children were born at Walthamstow,Essex. Also present in the home were three domestic servants. James Benjamin Scott had been baptised July 3o,1847 at St Pauls Canonbury,Islington. At the time of his baptism his family were living at Highbury Grange.Probate records for James Benjamin Scott record that he was of St Katherines Caterham Valley,Surrey and 32 Coal Exchange London when he died February 14,1908 between Cannes St Station London and Guys Hospital in Surrey. This suggests that died suddenly while travelling. Probate was to his widow Sarah Scott and to Theodore James Scott, solicitor. He left an estate valued at about 8,305 pounds. Probate records for Sarah Scott, the wife of James Benjamin Scott show that she was of Brabourne Rowdens Rd Torquay, a widow, who died January 10,1937. Probate was to Ernest Scott M.D., David Seth-Smityh, gentleman.She left an estate valued at about 1,592 pounds.

The David Seth-Smith referred to in the probate record of Sarah Scott above was the son in law of James Benjamin Scott and Sarah Scott.David Seth Smith had married their daughter Mary,born 1881 Walthamstow,Essex in the 2nd qtr of 1901 at Godstone,surrey. David was the curator of the Zoological Society. They had at least the following three children (1) David William Seth-Smith born June qtr 1902 at Croydon. He married Jean M. Reid 4th qtr 1952 at Westminster.David William Seth-Smith had been born April 17,1902 and died August 9,1987,age 85, at Hillingden,Middlesex.The times of August 13,1987 gave “ David William Dr Seth-Smith died August 9,1987,spouce of Jean Seth-Smith”. (2) Joan Lockhart Seth-Smith was born April 20,1904 at Croydon.She married Benjamin Burton Morgan who had been born in Abergstwith Cardigan.The marriage took place in the June qtr of 1936 at Hampstead Joan died at age 89 in March 1994 at Aylerbury,Bucks. Benjamin Burton Morgan had been born June 19,1898 and died March 1984,age 85, at Wycombe Bucks. (3) Ruth Mary Seth-Smith was born November 27,1907.She married Joseph Anthony L. Hardcastle(born 1889 Kent) in March qtr of 1940 at Hampstead. Ruth died at age 89 in August 1997 at Aylesbury,Bucks. Further information about the life and times of Dr David William Seth-Smith is given at the end of this article, which is quite lengthy and in the form of an obituary published in the British Medical Journal October 24,1987.

Probate records show that Renee Mary Scott died May 6,1895 at Essex.At the time of her death she was living at Brabourne The Drive, in Walthamstow,Essex. Her will was proved by James Benjamin Scott, esq. She left an estate valued at about 5,648 pounds.

The 1901 census, taken at Burghstead Eastfield Road.Brentwood,Essex records as head of the household Claud Syms Scott,42, born at Hornsey who was working as a general Mechanical Engineer. Living with him was his wife Margaret,age 30, born at Llandudno,Carnarvon. Also in the home was one domestic servant.Claud Syms Scott had been born November 3,1857 and baptised December 21,1857 at St Mary Hornsey Haringey.At the time of his baptism his family were living at Haringery Park. Claud Syms Scott had worked for an oil company and became Head of Drawing Office.His work entailed the preparation of estimates, specifications and plans of machines, plant and buildings.He had married Margaret Elizabeth Evans (marriage registered 4th qtr 1900) Conway reg district Caermarvonshire. The couple had at least two sons born at Brentwood,Essex namely Claud Syms Scott born 1901,Billericay,Essex , and William James Scott born 1903 at Billericay. The son Claud Syms died 4th qtr 1983,age 82 at Wavery Suffolk and the son William James Scott died 3rd qtr 1925 ,age 67 at Billericay.Probate records for Claud Syms Scott senior of Tiverton Lodge Rose Valley Brentwood,Essex record that he died July 11,1925. Probate was to Lewis Knot,engineer and Reginald Benjamin Scott, broker. He left an estate valued at about 23,000 pounds.

 The 1901 census, taken at Prospect Hill in Walthamstow,Essex records Renee Clifton Scott, age 52,single,living on own means. Living with her was just two domestic servants. Renee Clifton Scott had been baptised May 17,1849 and was born February 24,1849. At the time of her baptism her father was a clerk with the coal market and the family were living at Highbury Grange. Renee Clifton Scott never married and died at the age of 83 in 1933. Probate records for her give that she was of Melville Lodge, Brentwood,Essex, a spinster, and that she died January 1,1933. Probate was to William James Scott, enginer, and David Seth-Smith,curator.She left and estate valued at about 22,409 pounds.

 3) ANNE LEY SCOTT (1821-1846)

Little is known about the life of Anne. She was born at Islington on May 26,1821 and died as a spinster on January 21,1846. Her will, which is held by the National Archives, states that she was a spinster of Saint Mary Stoke Newington,Middlesex. This will was dated February 16,1846, which would have to be the probate date. She was buried January 30,1846 at Hackney St John,London.

In a book entitled “ Periodical Accounts Relating to the Missions of the Church of the United Brethren Vol XVIII dated 1846, London” is a record of a legacy from the late Miss Anne Ley Scott of Albion Terrace,Stoke,Newington by her executors Benjamin James Renat and Syms Scott, esquires of 5 pounds. The Syms Scott referred to is Syms Scott (1822-1863) from the Tunbridge Wells branch of the Scott family.

4) LOUISA SCOTT(1826-1861)

Louisa was born November 25,1826 at Islington,Middlesex and died August 24,1861 as a spinster.Her probate records for Weybridge show her executors were her brothers Benjamin Scott, James Renat Scott and Syms Scott. At the time of the 1861 census Louisa was living in the household of her brother Benjamin Scott and was a spinster.

5) WILLIAM LIGHT SCOTT (1817-1837)           

William was born Mary 24,1817 at Isligton,Middlesex. The recister of Tonbridge School of 1820-1886 gives “ William Light Scott 1826-1833, son of Benjamin Whinnell Scott, clerk to the Chamberlain of the City of London, died 1837”. An image of Tonbrodge Scool by local artist C.T. Dodd in 1851 is given opposite. William died June 10,1837 at Hastings,Sussex.He was never married. An image of Tonbridge School from 1851 is shown opposite.

6) SUSAN SCOTT (1815-1843)

Susan was born September 14,1815 at Islington,Middlesex. She died March 12, 1843 as a spinster.The 1841 census,taken at Stamford Hill records Susan Scott as age 20,single, living with her brothers Benjamin,age 25, a clerk, and Syms Scott.

7) JOHN GEORGE SCOTT (1811-1828)

John was born January 3,1811 at Islignton,Middlesex. He died October 13,1828.

8) ELIZABETH MARY SCOTT (1813-1844)

Elizabeth was born January 7,1813 at Islington,Middlesex. She died June 6,1844 as a spinster.

9) LOUISA SCOTT (1824-1824)

Louisa was born January 22,1824 at Islington,Middlesex and had a short life, for she died October 5,1824 at Clapton,London.

THE SCOTTS OF TUNBRIDGE WELLS

In the 3rd qtr of 1850 Syms Scott married Ellen Nicholls in Tunbridge Wells. The Nicholls family had been residents of Tunbridge Wells for several years but were originally from Essex. Ellen Nicholls had been born August 22,1829 at Walthamstow,Essex and was baptised October 15,1829 at Walthamstow. Ellen was the daughter of Benjamin Elliott Nicholls (1796-1846) and Amelia Nicholls, nee Poynder (1798-1891). Ellen was one of four children born to the couple; her siblings being Amelia, born 1826; Henry, born 1833 and Benjamin born 1834. In 1841 Ellen was living with her parents and siblings at Greenleaf Lane in Walthamstow.

Ellen Nicholls father Benjamin Elliot Nicholls was a religious man and authored the following books (1) “Help to the Reading of the Bible”,published 1853 by the Society for promoting Christian knowledge in London.This book was published by “the late Banjamin Elliott Nicholls, MA, of Queens College,Cambridge, Curate of St John’s Walthamstow.Helen Boyce adds “ It has always been said in the family that Benjamin Nicholls :Hel” book was the only book permitted in English prisions apart from the Bible itself”.  (2) “The Book of Proverbs Explained or Illustrated from Holy Scriptures” 1842 (3) “Introduction to the Study of Scriptures”,published by the American Sunday School Union.

In 1851 Syms and Ellen were living  at Crown Lane,St Mary, Lambeth,Surrey where Syms was working as a clerk to the Chamberlain of London.The census for that year records Syms and his wife with two domestic servants.The couple had the following children.Mary, the eldest daughter who was born soon after the marriage died as an infant; Harry Langston Scott(1852-1875)who was born at Norwood,Surrey; Ellen Annie Scott(1855-1909), who was born at Norwood;Florence Scott(1856-1939),born in Norwood;  Herbert Reginald Scott(1858-1941), who was born in Byfleet,Surrey;Amelia Scott(1860-1952), who was born in Byfleet,Surrey; and Louisa Scott (1862-1952) who was born in Southborough,Tunbridge Wells. A review of directories and census records show that the Scott family moved from Byfleet,Surrey, to Tunbridge Wells,Kent in 1860 and took up residence in a home on Pennington Road in Southborough.

The first census record for the family in Tunbridge Wells was that of 1861 in which Syms Scott is the head of the household and working as an accountant and clerk to the Chamberlain of London.Also in the home was his wife Ellen; his children Ellen,Florence,Herbert and three domestic servants ( nurse,maid and a cook).Their eldest son Harry was away at school.At that time the family were living in a home on Pennington Road in Southborough..

The Chamberlain of London is an ancient office, responsible for collection and distribution of revenues within the City of London. Nominally appointed by The Crown, the office-holder's term traditionally begins on Midsummer Day and cannot be removed "unless some great cause of complaint appear against him".In 1590, the right of the Chamberlain to levy local taxes on goods sold within the city was upheld in The Chamberlain of London’s Case as a valid regulatory measure.Today the office is largely ceremonial, administering the creation of Freemen of London and collecting fixed penalties for vehicular parking offences.

On July 21,1863 Syms Scott passed away in Southborough. Burial records however record that he was buried at St Peters Church in Southborough age 41 on July 17,1863 and was living in Southborough at the time of his death.After his death the family was split up with some of the children living with their mother and others with their relatives from the Nicholls branch of the family, most notably their aunt Amelia Nicholls and their grandmother Amelia Nicholls. Syms wife Ellen would later marry James Darnell (1805-1886).The 1871 census, taken at 27 Grosvenor Road,Tunbridge Wells records as head of the household Ellen Scott, age 41 who was deriving her income from “household property and dividends”. Living with her was her daughter Amerlia, age 11; daughter Louisa,age 9; one domestic servant and one visitor.

The 1881 census, taken at 19 Mount Ephraim, which was a lodging house run by Mary Wilmshurst, had a number of residents including the family unit of James Darnell, age 76, born 1805 at Watford,Hertfordshire. James was at the time working as a clergyman with the Church of England. Living with him was his wife Ellen (formerly Ellen Scott, the wife of Syms Scott),age 51. Also with them was Ellens son Herbert Reginald Scott,age 22, given as “stepson” and who was an undergraduate at Oxford. As noted above James Darnell passed away in Tunbridge Wells in 1886.Shown opposite is a recent photograph of  19 Mount Ephraim, which today is known as Longford House.

The 1891 census, taken at 3 Calverley Road,Tunbridge Wells, records Ellen Darnell, widow,age 64 as head of the household, and “living on own means”. Living with her was her daughter Ellen Annie Scott, age 36, a spinster who was also living on own means. Also in the home were two domestic servants.

Probate records give that Ellen Darnell of 15 Belvedere Terrace(photo opposite),Tunbridge Wells , widow, died June 5,1893. Probate was to Ellen Annie Scott, her spinster daughter. Ellen left an estate valued at about 383 pounds.Shown opposite is a  photograph of Belvedere Terrace taken by Nigel Chadwick in 2012.This row of residences was given a grade II listing by British Heritage June 7,1974 and describe it as being a four storey Tudor Gothic range constructed circa 1840 and located at 11-29 Church Road.

Given below is information about the children of Syms and Ellen Scott.Not included in the list is the couple’s first child Mary Scott who was born shortly after their marriage and died as an infant.

1)HARRY LANGSTON SCOTT (1852-1875)

Harry was born in the 3rd qtr of 1852 at Norwood Surrey. The 1861 census records him living at Wickham House in Millbrook,Hampshire where he was attending school and given in the census as “ pupil boarder scholar”. In the 1871 census Harry is found attending and residing at the Felstead Granner School at Felstead,Essex. Harry passed away April 13,1875 at the Angus Hotel in New Bridge Street, Blackfriars, City of London. Probate records show his executors were Benjamin Scott, Heath House, Weybridge, Surrey and the Reverend Henry Nicholls of Hawkhurst Lodge, Burduck,Hastings,Sussex. Harry was never married. He left an estate valued at about 1,500 pounds.

2)ELLEN ANNIE SCOTT (1855-1909)           

Ellen was born 1855 at Norwood,Surrey . In 1861 she was living with her parents and siblings at their Pennignton Lane residence in Southborough with three servants.The 1871 census records her as a spinster at Islington, London, where she is a visitor of the John W. Childers family.Mr Childers was a wealthymagistrate and landowner and many servants were in his employ at his residence. In the 1881 census, taken at 36  London Road,Tunbridge Wells were found the following family unit. Amelia Nicholls,82,widow, born 1799 Lambeth,Surrey living on dividends. With her were her daughter Amelia Nicholls, age 54, born 1827 at Wolshamstow,Essex; Ellen Annie Scott, age 26,grandchild; Amelia Scott,age 21, grandchild; Louisa Scott,age 19, grandchild, and three domestic servants. No occupations are given for any of the Scott children.

Show above is a miniature painting of Ellen which was forwarded to me by Helen Boyce in October 2013. Helen was also kind enough to forward images of other paintings by Ellen; information about family history and other material I have incorporated into this article. I wish to take this opportunity to thank Helen  for her contribution to this article.

The 1901 census, taken at 50 Mount Pleasant Road,Tunbridge Wells records Ellen Annie Scott,age 46, as the head of the household and living on own means. Living with her was her single sisters Amelia and Louisa, both living on own means, and three domestic servants.

Probate records give Ellen Annie Scott of 13 Upper Grosvenor Road,Tunbridge Wells, died February 26,1909. Probate was to her spinster sisters Amelia Scott  and Louisa Scott. She left an estate valued at about 2,988 pounds. The residences on Upper Grosvenor Road are what the researcher would call middle class or upper middle class stone and stucco residences, being a mixture of single and semi- detached predominently of the Victorian era. The building at 13 Upper Grosvenor Road fits this description and although a photograph of it could not be taken due to the presence of several trees it appears to be 3 storeys finished predominantly in stucco painted a light or pastel colour.

Ellen took an active interest in painting and became an amateur watercolour  and oil artist. Shown throughout this section of the article are various  examples of her artistic work. The image above as well as the one opposite were recently sold by” All Is Green”, an Antique and Vintage Collectables, Tools and Gifts  business which sells its items online. The description of the image by the seller is as follows. “ Vintage Frances Watercolour Painting APO4(the one above left)-A lovely vintage signed watercolour painting in gilt frame with gold coloured mount. The painting is of a country road leading down to the church and is faintly signed EAS. On the back of the picture is written “ Ellen Annie Scott Ex. Family” who I presume is the artist. As can be seen in the photographs there are a few little chips to the frame. Frame measurements are 39 cm wide x 49 cm high x 1 cm deep. Image measurements are 24 cm wide x 33.5 cm high”. The painting is undated but the researcher is of the opinion that all of her paintings were done in Tunbridge Wells and depict subjects local to the town. The second image sold by the same company is identified as “Vintage Frames Watercolour Painting APO3 (photo right)and bears the same description as the first except is described as ‘The painting is of a wooded avenue leading to a gate and fence and is signed EAS. The inscription of “Ellen Annie Scott Ex Family” also appears on the back. This painting has the same frame measurements but the image measurements were given as 26 cm wide x 35 cm high.

A second group of watercolour paintings by Ellen Annie Scott recently came to light and in 2013 are the property of Danny Peter Jones who  bought the paintings from a garage sale in Henley on Thames in about 2005. The image above as well as larger images of each of the four paintings were sent to me by Danny Jones who gave the following information. “ The actual watercolour is small and measures 10 cm wide x 16 cm high. The frame measures 21.5 cm wide x 29.5 cm high. The frames are very plain and also look quite modern.There is also a card on the back which says The Stepping Stone Gallery. Margaret Mcgregor Antique engravings and watercolours, Marlow Buckinghamshire. In October 2013 Danny Jones posted an inquiry on the website of the Tunbridge Wells Family History Society which I responded to. Danny was wanting to know if there were any living members of the Scott family and if there were he was offering to return the paintings to the family. Since Ellen Annie Smith never married and none of her siblings had any children there were no immediate family members to give the paintings to, although there are more distant living relatives. It was suggested by me that he consider donating the paintings to the Tunbridge Wells Museum and Art Gallery and Brian Dobson of the TWFHS forwarded an inquiry to Ian Beavis, the curator of the museum about this and to see what he knew about the artist.

As can be seen from the image above, the four little paintings are of various flowers. I am not an expert on flowers but I am sure my readers will be able to identify what kind of flowers they are. Although small paintings, they are quite quaint although not perhaps professionally executed. Danny Jones also said that there is writing on the back of paintings giving the name of Ellen Annie Scott and that they were exhibited in 1907 and 1908, although the researcher was unable to determine where and under what circumstances they were exhibited. Shown opposite is an image showing the inscription on the back of the paintings which reads “ A watercolour by Ellen Annie Scott of Tunbridge Wells Kent Exhibited 1907 and 1908”.  

Shown opposite are two more paintings by Emily, which were provide by Helen Boyce. Helen described the painting on the right as an oil painting exhibited at the Royal Academy show in 1907.About the family Helen offered the following “ I used to visit Amelia and Louisa Scott with my parents when I was a child in the early 1950’s and have vivid memories of them. My mother’s father was their first cousin, he being a Nicholls, as was their mother, Ellen (aunt to my grandfather).My mother told me that Emily Annie was not allowed to draw anything but flowers until her grandmother, Amelia Nicholls, died (my grt.grt grandmother).In the decade that Emily Annie was free, she produced many canvases, mainly of country landscapes and especially beech woods. Most of her output is in the family farm in sussex, and I have some photographs of these. I have flower paintings and one canvas and a miniature painting of Emily Annie herself.My brother has one of the Beech Woods. My other brother had two or three canvases but his house was ransacked (Amsterdam) and we don’t know what happened to the paintings”.

As I have described in the section about Ellen’s sister Amelia Scott there is a large collection of records held by The Womens Library. Although a detailed search through these records for mention of Ellen would be necessary to see if there is more information that can be learned about her, the researcher has not reviewed these records. The index to the archive does have one item which the researcher has concluded pertains to Ellen namely a letter dated November 22,1954 from Catherine Bramwell Booth to Miss Digby in which Booth offers condolences and reminiscences on the death of Miss Scott and her sister. The two sisters referred to are Amelia and Louisa Scott who both died in 1952. However Catherine booth states in the letter “ I wonder what happened to the painting of the beech trees by Miss Scott who died young”. The researcher believes that the “Miss Scott who died young” is in  reference to Ellen Annie Scott who would have been the one to execute the painting and who died when she was age 54.

Ellen Annie Scott was living at the time of her death,according to burial records, at 130 Upper Grosvenor Road and was buried March 2,1909 at St Peters church in Southborough.

3)FLORENCE A SCOTT (1856-1939)       

Florence was born 1856 at Norwood,Surrey. Shown opposite is a sketch of Florence, provided to me by Helen Boyce. Helen said “ I have an original sketch of cousin flo that was done by my grandfather, who was also a good artist.Cousin Flo had some sort of special needs and was never independent. She was able to write letters however, but not to a literary level”.A sketch of her is show on the right

In 1861 Florence was living with her parents and siblings at their residence on Pennington Road, Southborough with three servants.

The 1911 census, taken at “ Thorngrove” 3 Clarence Road,Tunbridge Wells records Florence Scott, age 54 living there as a “patient”, a single woman living on private means. She was living with Edith Mary Hodgson,age 43, who was running the nursing home. Also present was Kathleen Bluett,age 30 who was a hospital trained nurse and Mabel Prudence, age 38 who was also a hospital trained nurse. Also present were two domestic servants. Shown opposite is a recent photograph of 3 Clarence Road which today is known as Clarence Lodge.





Probate records give Florence Scott of 4 Lansdowne Road,Tunbridge Wells, spinster, died May 30,1939.Her estate, valued at about 2,692 pounds was left in the hands of her executor and sister Amelia Scott of Tunbridge Wells. Shown opposite is a recent photograph of 4 Lansdowne Road.The residence was converted into at least 3 flats in the 20th century, a use it retains today.

4)HERBERT REGINALD SCOTT (1858-1941)           

Herbert was born June 30,1858 at Byfleet,Surrey.Herbert was baptised November 10,1858 at Byfleet St Mary, Surrey.In 1861 Herbert was living with her parents and siblings at their residence on Pennington Road, Southborough with three servants.Herbert attended Oxford obtaining degrees in theology and took up a career with the church.Shown throughtout this section of the article and listed at the end are images of the churches that Herbert was associated with.

Crockfords 1932 clerical directory  gives the following listing “ Scott Herbert Reginald. Magd Coll Oxford BA (3rd cl Th) 1884, MA 1887, decon 1884, priest 1885 St A.C. of Whittington,Salop,1884-90; St Peter Bournemouth,1890-91; vicar of Kilmeston w Beauworth,Hants, 1891-97; C of Arreton, J.W. 1897-99; Parkstone Dorset, 1901-10. St Katherine’s ,Parkstone,Dorset (Tel. Parkstone 146).”

The records of “Oxford Men 1880-1892” give the following information about Herberts education. “ Rev. Herbert Reginald Scott born Byfleet,Surrey June 30,1858, 2nd son of Syms Scott of London,gentleman. MAGDALEN,matric Oct 16,1880,age 22 (from Brentwood gr. School).BA 1884, MA 1887 (honours-3 theology,1884)Vicar of Kilmeston,Hants 1891”.

The 1881 census was taken at 19 Mount Ephraim,Tunbridge Wells, which was a boarding house run by Mary Wilmshurst. Herbert was living there with his mother Ellen and his stepfather James Darnell,age 76.His stepfather was a clergyman with the Church of England. Herbert at that time was an “undergraduate at Oxford”.

The 1891 census, taken at Avenue Road,Bournemouth,Holdenham,Hampshire records Herbert as single and a border with the Thomas Littler family.Herbert was at that time a clerk in holy orders.

On November 26,1891 Herbert married Adela Emma Sercombe. The Hampshire Adviser of December 5,1891 gave the following announcement “ Scott-Sercombe-On the 26th ult at St Peter’s Church,Bournemouth, the Rev. Herbert Reginald Scott, vicar of Kilmeston, to Adela Emma, youngest daughter if the late Edwin Sercombe”. The Daily Post of Saturday November 28,1881 gave this announcement “ The marriage of Miss Adela Sercombe, niece of the Right Hoh. W.H. Smith, M.P. and the Rev. Herbert Reginald Scott, curate of St Peters Church,Bournemouth, took place on Thursday  at St Peter’s Church in that town. The Rev. Canon Barker, vicar of Marylebone, conducted the service. A postcard view of St Peters Church is shown opposite. Helen Boyce adds “ The Scott sisters much missed their brother Herbert after he married, as he was discouraged from seeing them.I cannot verify this.We have some letters he wrote to Amelia “.

Adela Sercombe was the daughter of Edwin Sercombe and Emma Sophia Sercombe, nee Smith and was one of six children born to the couple. He had been born in the 1st qtr of 1864 and in the years leading up to her marriage she was a resident of London. The Exeter Plymouth Gazette of Saturday September 8,1855 gave the following announcement about the marriage of her parents. “ Sercombe-Smith. Aug 30 at St James Church,Paddington by Rev T.M. Macdonald,assisted by the Rev Dr. Beal, Edwin Sercombe, esq, of Somer’s Place, Hyde Park, 4th son of J.C. Sercombe, esq. J.P. of the city, to Emma Sophia, 5th daughter of W.H. Smith, esq, of Gloucester square, late of Kilburn”. A family tree for the Sercombe family however indicates that Edwin Sercombe’s parents were James Munch Sercombe and Ellen Bourne Sercombe, nee Monck  and that Adela’s siblings were William Hervey, Emily Anna, Annid Edwina,Constance Augusta and Henry Edwin.

The 1901 census, taken at St Wilfrids, Parkstone,Dorset records Herbert Reginald Scott ,age 42, a clergyman in the Church of England. Living with him was his wife Adela Emma Scott,age 37,born 1864 at St Georges Hanover Square,London.Also present in the home were two servants

The 1911 census, taken at Saint Katherines, Queens Grove,Parkstone,Poole,Dorset records Herbert Reginald Scott as head of the household and given as “retired clergyman in the established church”. Living with him was his wife Adela, age 47, and six others including several domestic servants. The census records that their residence had 8 rooms, that the couple had been married 19 years and that they had no children.

Probate records give Reverend Herbert Reginald Scott of St Katherines Queens Grove,Parkstone,Dorset, clerk, died December 6,1941.Probate was to his wife Adela Emma Scott and Rev. Charles Augustine Phillips, clerk. He left an estate valued at about 1,532 pounds. A notice of his death was published in The Times of December 15,1941.

A search on the internet produced a list of the following books authored by Herbert Reginald Scott (1) The Order for the Visitation of the Sick. With notes by H.R. Scott, dated 1900) (2) The Order for the Visitation of the Sockj,Watch-Prayers of the Cross, and some thoughts during recovery from sickness by Walter Lock and Herbert Reginald Scott (1905) (3) Watch-Prayers of the Cross. With notes and some intercessions. Compiled by H.R. Scott by Herbert Reginald Scott (1900). (4) Adult Baptism by Herbert Reginald Scott (1914) (5) Helps to Personal Preparation for Confirmation..with forward by the Bishop of Liverpool, by Herbert Reginald Scott (1913) ( 6) On the Mount of Blessing. A series of eight addresses on the Beatitudes with an introductory address  by Herbert Reginald Scott (1912) (7) Some thoughts during recovery from sickness by Herbert Reginald Scott (1900).

5)AMELIA SCOTT (1860-1952)            

Amelia was born in the 1st qtr of 1860 at Byfleet,Surrey.In 1861 Amelia was living with her parents and siblings at their residence on Pennington Road,Southborough with 3 servants.In 1871 Amelia was living with her mother Ellen and sister Louisa along with one visitor and one servant at 27 Grosvenor Road,Tubnridge Wells where Amelia was given in the census as a scholar. In the 1881 census, taken at 36 London Road,Tunbridge Wells were found the following family unit. Amelia Nicholls,82,widow, born 1799 Lambeth,Surrey living on dividends. With her were her daughter Amelia Nicholls, age 54, born 1827 at Wolshamstow,Essex; Ellen Annie Scott, age 26,grandchild; Amelia Scott,age 21, grandchild; Louisa Scott,age 19, grandchild, and three domestic servants. No occupations are given for any of the Scott children.

In the 1891 census, taken at 36 London Road,Southborough is listed Amelia Nicholls, age 92, widow, living on own means; her daughter Amelia Nicholls, age 64; Amelia Scott,single, granddaughter, and four domestic servants. The 1901 census, taken at 50 Mount Pleasant Road,Tunbridge Wells records Ellen Annie Scott,age 46, as the head of the household and living on own means. Living with her was her single sisters Amelia and Louisa, both living on own means, and three domestic servants.

The 1911 census, taken at “Brabourne” 1A Park Road,Southborough, records Amelia Scott,single, age 51 living on private means. Living with her was her sister Louisa, single, age 49 living on private means. Also in the eleven room home were four domestic servants. Shown opposite is a recent photograph of 1A Park Road.

Probate records give Amelia Scott of 4 Lansdown Road,Tunbridge Wells, spinster, died March 26,1952. Probate was to Margaret Leslie Boyce (wife of John Stanley Beaumont Boyce) and Guy Balliol Scott, a member of the London Stock Exchange. She left an estate valued at about 2,267 pounds. The Courier reported March 27,1952 that “ Amelia Soctt died Marcy 25,1952 peacefully after a very short illness at her home 4 Lansdowne Road,Tunbridge Wells age 92. Funeral Saturday March 29 at St James Church Tunbridge Wells with committal service at St Peter’s Church Southborough.Simple garden flowers only”.

The Womens Library, at the Metropoliton University, in their special collections, have in their possession, five boxes of records pertaining to Amelia Scott. The donors mother, who was Amelia Scott’s first cousin once removed and goddaughter inherited the papers when Amelia died in 1952. The papers had been stored in a garagefor many years before they were transferred to the Womens Library but are in good condition.The records were acquired by The Womens Library from Helen Boyce, a first cousin twice removed, of Amelia Scott as a gift on April 23,2002. As you can see from the probate above for Amelia Scott her executor was Margaret Leslie Boyce and so the records had been passed down through the Boyce family.A complete description of the contents of this archive which includes photographs, letters, and a host of information about Women’s Suffrage and other causes that Amelia was involved in can be found on the internet and may be  studied at the place they are stored.

Amelia Scott is perhaps best known for her work with the Womens Suffrage Movement but among the work she did was the assistance she and her sister Louisa and others gave to the Belgium Rufugees that came to Tunbridge Wells in WW I. In the section below about Louisa I have presented information on the subject of the Belgium Refugees that pertains to Amelia as much as it does to her sister Louisa.

Shown opposite is a photograph of the NUWSS shop at 18 Crescent Road. The image comes from the website www.womenshistoryhent.org and the caption with it reads “ Shops like this were very unusual, and reflects the exceptional nature of the women’s suffrage movement in Tunbridge Wells. Other images on this subject can also be found on the same website. Provided here is the main text on this subject from the aforementioned website. “In Tunbridge Wells, as in many towns and cities across Britain, the suffrage movement was a significant political phenomenon in the years leading up to the First World War. A constitutional campaign for women's admittance to the Parliamentary franchise had been under way since 1866, for example through the efforts of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), led by Mrs. Fawcett, widow of a former Postmaster General. By the early years of the twentieth century, however, some women suffragists began to be frustrated by what was seen as a lack of progress of the peaceable NUWSS strategy of lobbying, speeches, petitions and pamphlets. The Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) was founded in Manchester by Mrs Pankhurst and her daughters and a militant campaign began, with ‘Deeds not Words!’ and ‘Votes for Women!’ adopted as slogans. The WSPU immediately hit national headlines by heckling members of the Liberal cabinet and demonstrating at Westminster.[Helen Boyce adds “ Amelia Scott remained a suffragist and was profoundly opposed to the violence and direct action of the WSPU].

In 1906, the Daily Mail coined the name ‘Suffragette’ to describe the predominantly younger women who advocated more radical tactics. These included picketing, the interruption of political meetings, public nuisance, and the heckling of anti-suffrage ministers. The same year, one of the earliest demonstrations in the House of Commons resulted in the arrest of a number of women protesters in the Commons lobby.Tunbridge Wells was the scene of a vibrant women's suffrage movement. The signatures of Matilda Ashurst Briggs and her daughters Caroline and Elizabeth had been put to the very first women’s suffrage petition in 1866, and a women’s suffrage meeting had been held in Tunbridge Wells in 1873. In 1906, in the same week of the demonstration at the House of Commons, a meeting of the National Union of Women Workers at the Opera House on the subject of ‘Franchise for Women’ resulted in the formation of a local branch of the NUWSS. Novelist was made President and local Poor Law Guardian Amelia Scott Vice-President. Over the following years, Tunbridge Wells became home to branches of the major suffrage organisations. The local NUWSS branch was holding regular 'at homes' and public meetings by 1909 and opened a shop at 18 Crescent Road in 1910. By 1913 the branch could boast a membership of 165, the second largest in Kent, together with 278 'Friends'; a scheme that enabled supporters to register without having to subscribe.Local women also joined the Women’s Freedom League and supported the tactics of the Women’s Tax Resistance League. As the suffrage campaign gathered momentum, action by militants such as the interruption of a Home Counties Liberal Federation meeting at the Opera House in 1913, and the burning of the Nevill Cricket Pavillion the same year, understandably commanded the attention of the press and public. Less well known, perhaps, is the contribution to the cause made by the much larger number of West Kent constitutional suffragists. In 1908, a number of women from Tunbridge Wells had attended a mass ‘Votes for Women’ demonstration in Hyde Park, with a special train laid on from Tunbridge Wells station. In 1913, a mass march from seventeen cities across the country to converge in London was organised to remind the public of the work being done by many thousands of peaceful, law-abiding suffragists. The march included what was to become known as the ‘Women’s Pilgrimage’ through Kent, following the traditional pilgrim’s way. The pilgrims passed through the major towns of Kent before combining in Tonbridge on July 21st for the march to London.”

The following account of the life of Amelia Scott is reprinted from the website of The Women’s Library “Scott; Amelia (1860-1952); social worker and author.Amelia (Millie) Scott (1860-1952) was born to Syms Scott and Ellen Nicholls on 16 Jan 1860. She spent much of her later childhood living with her aunt, and grandmother (both called Amelia Nicholls) following the death of her father in 1870, as her mother was unable to support six children. Amelia Scott and her three sisters all remained unmarried and Amelia and her sister Louise lived together in Tunbridge Wells for many years. Their background was one of a middle class family who were not quite as affluent as they once had been. Amelia Scott was involved in several organisations such as the Tunbridge Wells branch of the National Council of Women (originally called the National Union of Women Workers), which she established in May 1895. She was a member of this organisation for thirty-five years, serving as its honorary secretary. She worked as Treasurer for the Tunbridge Wells branch of the Women Citizens' Association and as an honorary secretary and Chair for the Leisure Hours Club - an association set up for working girls. She was also involved with the Tunbridge Wells branch of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, serving as vice president, and the Christian Social Union. Between 1918-1924 Amelia served on the Legal sub- committee of the National Council for the Unmarried Mother and her Child. She also served on the Provisional Executive Committee of this organisation by representing the National Council of Women. Amelia Scott was also a Poor Law Guardian for many years, Chair of the Infant Life Protection Committee, Member of the Kent County Mental Deficiency Committee and Director of the Women's Common Lodging House Company, Tunbridge Wells. Amelia Scott was the author of 'Women of Sacred History', a study concerned with the women of the bible and 'Passing of a Great Dread', a history of the poor law as well as writing a number of articles, pamphlets and speeches for the organisations she was involved in. She died in 1952”.

The following account of Amelia Scott is reprinted from the website www.womenshistorykent.org. “Amelia (Millie) Scott was born on 16 Jan 1860 in Surrey. The following year the family moved to Southborough, on the outskirts of Tunbridge Wells. Scott came from a reasonably comfortable background; her father was described on the 1861 census as an accountant and employed three domestic servants; however, the family was not wealthy. Following the death of her father in 1870, Scott lived with her aunt and grandmother. Scott was the grand-daughter of a clergyman, she was a practising Anglican and her own writings reveal a religious commitment. Amelia Scott and her three sisters all remained unmarried and Amelia and her sister Louise (Louie) set up home together in Tunbridge wells and lived there for many years. Amelia Scott was active in numerous organisations such as the Tunbridge Wells branch of the National Union of Women Workers (NUWW, later the National Council of Women), which she established in May 1895. She was an officer of this organisation for thirty-five years, serving as its honorary secretary and holding meetings in her own home. She worked as Honorary Secretary and Chair for the Leisure Hour Club, an association set up for working girls and was involved with the Christian Social Union. By her mid-30s, Amelia Scott had seemingly found her vocation as a social worker. She served as a Poor Law Guardian for many years, and during her long service the Tonbridge Workhouse was gradually converted into Pembury Hospital.Scott was an avowed supporter of women's suffrage and was vice president of the Tunbridge Wells branch of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies. She took part in the 1913 suffrage 'pilgrimage', giving speeches along the way. Her leaflet bag has been preserved, and is kept with her papers in the Women's Library in London.Amelia Scott was active in all aspects of women's work in Tunbridge Wells during the first world War, including the establishment of the Soldiers' Central Laundry. She was awarded the Gold Palm Order of the Crown(shown above right), an extremely prestigious award, in 1929 by the King of the Belgians for her work with Belgian refugees.In November 1919 Amelia Scott and Susan Power were the first two women to be elected to the Tunbridge Wells Town Council. Having taken almost 40% of the votes cast for the South Ward, Scott took her seat, saying that she had women's interests at heart, and hoped she would be able to fulfil her intentions. Having worked so tirelessly for women's suffrage, she intended to carry on using her position to work for women's causes.Between 1918-1924 Scott served on the Legal sub-committee of the National Council for the Unmarried Mother and her Child.The recently  passed Maternity and Child Welfare Act of 1918 had placed the responsibility for the welfare of mothers and children with local councils and thus the Tunbridge Wells Council set up a Maternity and Child Welfare Committee. By the end of 1919 Amelia Scott and Susan Power, the two new women councillors, were amongst the committee’s members.Their involvement led to the establishment of the Tunbridge Wells and District Maternity Home on Upper Grosvenor Road in August 1924. Amelia was also a convenor of the NCW's Public Service and Magistrates' Committee, Chair of the Infant Life Protection Committee, Member of the Kent County Mental Deficiency Committee and Director of the Women's Common Lodging House Company, Tunbridge Wells. Amelia Scott was the author of 'Women of Sacred History', a study concerned with the women of the bible and 'Passing of a Great Dread', a history of the poor law as well as writing a number of articles, pamphlets and speeches for the organisations she was involved in.

The stained glass window shown above was installed in the Pembury Hospital.The dedication at the bottom of it refers to it being installed to the memory of Amelia Scott a pioneer social reformer who served this hospital for many years, a great church woman and a real friend of the sick and needy.

Shown opposite is a photo of the Tunbridge Wells and District maternity Home from a report of 1940.After the war the Mayor called a meeting to discuss post-war reconstruction. Amelia Scott representing the National Council of Women,suggested a maternity home as an appropriate scheme and as a result the Tunbridge Wells Council set up a Maternity and Child Welfare Committee. by the end of 1919 Amelia Scott and Susan Power, the two new women councillors, were amongst the committee's members. The proposed maternity Home provided services to pregnant women and mothers of children up to school age.It was also supposed to establish a lyng-in-hospital for complicated cases and for those living in insanitary surroundings. For this purpose the sum of 1,478 pounds was raised but it was not until August 1924 that two adjoining freehold housed in Upper Grosvenor Road were secured. To meet the requirements of the Ministry of Health and to adapt the premises for a Nursing Home, certain alterations and additions had to be made,including the installation of electric light, and arrangements made for a good hot water supply.

6)LOUISA SCOTT(1862-1952)

Louisa was born 3rd qtr 1862 at Southborough,Tunbridge Wells. In 1871 she was attending school and living with her mother Ellen and sister Amelia along with one visitor and one servant at 27 Grosvenor Road,Tunbridge Wells. In the 1881 census, taken at 36 London Road,Tunbridge Wells were found the following family unit. Amelia Nicholls,82,widow, born 1799 Lambeth,Surrey living on dividends. With her were her daughter Amelia Nicholls, age 54, born 1827 at Wolshamstow,Essex; Ellen Annie Scott, age 26,grandchild; Amelia Scott,age 21, grandchild; Louisa Scott,age 19, grandchild, and three domestic servants. No occupations are given for any of the Scott children.

The 1891 census, taken at 66 Woodstock Road in Oxford, St Giles,Osfordshire records Louisa Scott,age 29, niece, living on own means.She is living with the Henry Nicholls, age 54,; his wife Agnes,age 42 and four of their remaining six children; Agnes A,age 28; Mary E, age 19; William H,age age 15 and Frank,age 10. Also in the home were four domestic servants. Hanry Nicholls was living on own means. The Nicholls sons William was a scholar at Rugby school and Frantk was attending school in Oxford. The 1901 census, taken at 50 Mount Pleasant Road,Tunbridge Wells records Ellen Annie Scott,age 46, as the head of the household and living on own means. Living with her was her single sisters Amelia and Louisa, both living on own means, and three domestic servants.

The 1911 census, taken at “Brabourne” 1A Park Road,Southborough, records Amelia Scott,single, age 51 living on private means. Living with her was her sister Louisa, single, age 49 living on private means. Also in the eleven room home were four domestic servants.

Probate records give Louisa Scott of 4 Landsdown Road,Tunbridge Wells, spinster, died April 6,1952 at Ferndale Point Nursing Home,Tunbridge Wells. Probate was to Margaret Leslie Boyce (wife of John Stanley Beaumond Boyce) and Guy Balliol Scott, member of the London Stock Exchange. She left an estate valued at about 4,135 pounds.

The Kent and Sussex Courier published the following article entitled “ Two Sisters 90-92,They died Within a Fortnight- Two elderly spinster sisters who lived all their lives together in Tunbridge Wells and Southborough have died within 12 days of each other. The first was 92 year old Miss Amelia Scott who died march 25.The youngest sister, Louisa, of 4 Lansdowne Road,Tunbridge Wells insisted on attending the funeral. She stood by the grave in a snow storm and a few days later became ill with pneumonia.She died on Sunday in a Tunbridge Wells nursing home, age 92.A friend said on Tuesday  “They spent all their lives together. Miss Louisa Scott never recovered from the shock of her sister’s death”.

As I have mentioned in the section regarding her sister Amelia there is a collection of records held by The Womens Library. Among the collection are several family letters to and from Louisa and Amelia Scott. For anyone interested in learning more about Louisa and her family I would suggest contacting or visiting the place where the records are stored.

Much has been written about the role that Amelia Scott played in in the Womens’s Suffrage movement and various other causes including the assistance the Scott’s and others played in helping the Belgium refugees that were brought to Tunbridge Wells during WW 1 but little information is readily available at this time about Louisa Scotts involvement. However as shown opposite is an image given on the website www.womenshistorykent.org of a presentation book” presented to Amelia and Louisa Scott for their work with Belgium Refugees in Tunbridge Wells during the First World War, dedicated to ‘Mesdemoiselles Scott’ and tied with ribbon made in the colours of the Belgium flag. The aforementioned website gives additional views of other pages in this book. Its existence is clear evidence that like her sister Amelia, Louisa also took an active part in this work.

From the same website is the following information about the Belgium Refugees “Over a million Belgians fled from the threat of the German armies during the early days of the war, amounting to almost one-sixth of the country’s population. Initially, most were received in Holland, France and Britain. In September 1914 Herbert Samuel, the President of the Local Government Board, announced to the House of Commons that the British Government had offered hospitality to the victims of the war and that arrangements were in place for their transport and accommodation. The War Refugees Committee, a voluntary body, arranged for them to be met at ports and stations, found temporary hostels for them and tried also to secure work for them. The arrival in Britain of some 250,000 Belgian refugees constitutes the largest refugee movement in British history.In the early days of the war some 64,500 Belgian refugees arrived in Folkestone, Kent where they were given food and shelter and assistance with onward journeys. A Tunbridge Wells committee was formed, chaired by the Mayor, and a relief fund launched to collect subscriptions of money, including £5 from Olive Walton. Donations of linen, furniture and household items were also requested whilst the NUWSS Clothing Depot in Crescent Road accepted donations of clothing. On a single day in October 1914 thirty-five new Belgian arrivals were received by ladies from the Tunbridge Wells Belgian Refugees Committee. The Tunbridge Wells Advertiser marked the occasion by noting the ‘unrepayable debt which France and England owe to their smaller ally as a result of the glorious stand at Leige, when for a time the sons of Belgium practically held the fates of two great nations in their hands’. The group was offered accommodation in private homes and local lodging houses in Dudley Road, Upper Grosvenor Road and Southborough. Thirteen were housed at Grosvenor Lodge in the charge of Mrs Le Lacheur. It is notable that many of the committee members and other active supporters of the refugee relief initiative, such as the Le Lacheurs, Amelia Scott and Susan Power were also prominent local suffragists. The NUWSS, in addition to turning its premises in Crescent Road over to war relief work, used the network and the organisational skills developed through the suffage campaign in working to support the refugees. This field of women's war work, which reflects the broad horizons of their interests, united those who were otherwise divided over the war and British foreign policy. The October 1914 the funeral of Belgian soldier Louis Marx was held at Tonbridge with full military honours and the death in March 1916 of Mme Rosalie Gebruers, who had lived at 43 Grosvenor Road, the event was announced in the pages of the local press.”

DAVID  WILLIAM  SETH-SMITH MRCS, LRCP, DMR           

The following information is his obituary as published in the British Medical Journal Volume 295 dated October 24,1987.“Dr D W Seth-Smith, honorary consultant radiologist at Wembley Hospital and the NationalTemperance Hospital, died suddenly on 9 Augus aged 85.David William Seth-Smith was born in Croydonon 17 April 1902. His father, also David Seth-Smith, became curator of mammals and birds at London Zoo, and thefamily lived in a house inside the Zoo's grounds.David studied medicine at King's College,London, and St George's Hospital, where he was a keen. rugby player.Qualifying in 1926 and wishing to travel, he went to Luxor as a doctor; he made friends with Howard Carter, the discoverer of Tutankhamun's tomb. In 1930 he took an appointment as a doctor in the Gold Coast. His first wife, Rosamond, sailed out to begin married life in a primitive village house full of monkeys and other pets.On returning to England he started a general practice in Worcester Park, south London. He was interested in research into rheumatism but, on volunteering when the war began, was urged to take up radiology as there was a shortage in that specialty. He sailed for Algeria with the 96th General Hospital, part of the 1st Army. Fellow officers speak of his natural and cheerful enthusiasm, his skill as a doctor, and his resourcefulness in setting up an efficient x ray unit. In spare moments he was seen locating wild orchids and running about with a butterfly net. He also served in Belgium and Germany, being promoted to major.After the war he resumed an association with the Charterhouse Rheumatism Clinic in central London, becoming consultant radiologist. He also held similar appointments at Wembley Hospital and the National Temperance Hospital. From the early 1950s he encouraged general practitioners to send patients direct to the x ray department for examination, which was rare in those days. His friendly approach put patients at ease. Insisting on the best apparatus, he equipped the department to a higher standard than was usual in local hospitals.Known as Dr Seth, and distinctive with a rose from his garden in his buttonhole, after his retirement he continued to do locums at Wembley until 1984.President of Chelsea Clinical Society in 1956, he presided at the society's diamond jubilee dinner,the first occasion when women were admitted.Seth-Smith was fascinated by all aspects of science and, amid a wealth of hobbies, particularly enjoyed photographing wild flowers; he served on the council of the county nature conservation trust.In retirement he cherished his beautiful garden in Northwood with its wide variety of clematis. He was able to care devotedly for his second wife,Jean, who was stricken with multiple sclerosis. Sheand their son, Alvan, survive him.” As a footnote to this obituary I add that his first wife was Rosamond Sylvia Seth Smith who was still alive in December 1950. The researcher has not determined when exactly she died. His second wife was Jean McClymont Seith –Smith who survived him. There is also in the British Military List of 1911-1919 a record for a David William Seth-Smith which likely pertains to his father.

THE SCOTT GRAVES

The following information was provided by Brian Dobson of the Tunbridge Wells Family History Society and gives details of the members of the family buried in the St Peter’s Church Cemetery.

Grave C.50 St. Peter’s Churchyard, Southborough...........Beneath is laid in solemn hope to slumber awhilethe body of our beloved sister LOUISA, youngest daughter of BENJAMIN WHINNELL SCOTT ESQUIRE,born 25th November 1826 died 24th August 1861 No cares to break the long repose believer:  who can comfort none but Jesus, none but Jesus. Also SYMS SCOTT, brother of the above LOUISA SCOTT, born 6th December 1828, died 12th July 1863By grace ye are saved thro’ faithEphs, 11.8.Also ofMARY SCOTT, daughter of the aboveSYMS SCOTT,born October 17th 1863,died June 29th 1865It is well with the child, it is well. 2 Kings IV, 26 Also of Harry Langstone Scott,son of the above SYMS SCOTT,who died April 13th 1875,aged 22 years.Also ELLEN DARNELL,mother of the above MARY SCOTTand HARRY LANGSTONE SCOTT,by her first husband SYMES SCOTT,Died June 5th 1893 aged 63.

Headstone with armorial shield and kerbstone in common with C.62

 

THE POWER FAMILY OF TUNBRIDGE WELLS AND ELSEWHERE

Written By; Edward James Gilbert-Thunder Bay,Ontario,Canada

Date: October 17,2013

INTRODUCTION      

What began as a research project on Susan Gilbert Power (1860-1948), known for her involvement in the Tunbridge Wells Women’s Suffrage movement and as one of two women who in 1919 became the first elected women of the local council, led to the discovery that she was related to the well -known 20th century American movie actor Tyrone Power and other members of the same family who were in the acting profession in England and Ireland dating back to the 18th century. The more I examined the history of this family the more I became convinced that my article about them  needed to be broadened and although the main focus of this article is about the Power family of Tunbridge Wells I have included details about their ancestors and decendents.

It wasn’t until the early 1890’s that the family of Sir William James Murray Tyrone Power (1819-1911) arrived in Tunbridge Wells but they left a lasting mark on the history of the town, details of which are given later. I begin my story with “The Power Surname History” followed by Tyrone Power (1765-1798) who I have taken as the patriarch of the Power family for the purpose of this account.

THE POWER SURNAME HISTORY

Though not Gaelic in origin, power is one of that class of hibernicized names (like Burke and Walsh) which may be regarded as one hundred per cent Irish. The name, now one of the most numerous in Ireland- it is estimated that there are about eleven thousand Powers in the country to-day - came with the Normans in Strongbow's twelfth century invasion. Sir Robert Power was granted Lismore in Waterford by Henry II and members of his family also appear to have been responsible for the original Powerscourt House at Enniskerry I in Co. Wicklow,now destroyed. Bearers of the surname Power or le Poer have been the Earl of Tyrone,Marquis of Waterford,Counts de la Poer Beresford.It is in the county of Waterford that the surname of Power is most strongly associated.It is derived from the old French word povre (Latin pauper, poor) and was first written le Poer or de Paor, a form still retained by one or two families. The poverty implied was rather that of a voluntary vow than of destitution.It is also derived from pohier, meaning a native of the town of Pois in Picardy ,France, so called from the Old French pois, meaning “fish”, a name given it because of its rivers.The Norman Powers settled in Co. Waterford where they are still more numerous than anywhere else: in fact nearly half their total is in that county and Power heads the statistical list for Co. Waterford. The remainder, apart from the city of Dublin, which contains people from all the provinces, are for the most part in the counties which adjoin Waterford, viz Cork, Tipperary, Kilkenny and Wexford. Baron le Poer was among the great Norman lords who took part in the thirteenth century occupation of Connacht, and Powers remained in that province under the Burkes. The name, however, does not survive in Connacht. Though few individuals are actually outstanding, many of the name have held positions of importance in the Church, notably as Bishops of Waterford; and many are recorded as participating in the age-long struggle against English aggression, particularly in the seventeenth century when two Powers were members of the Supreme Council of the Confederate Catholics in 1646 and later when a number of them fought in the Irish army of James II. Notwithstanding this fact the leading families of Power succeeded in retaining a much greater portion of their estates than most of their fellow-Jacobites. In the last century William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797-1841) was a celebrated Irish comedian; Maguerite Power (1789-1849), better known as Countess of Blessington, was a popular novelist in her day. Frank Power (1858-1884), artist and journalist, was well known during his lifetime on account of his adventurous association with Gordon at Khartoum. Albert Power (1883-1945) was best known for his sculptures of famous subjects and for his memorial to the Lusitania,sunk off Cobh,Do. Cork.Arthur Power (1891-1984) is best known for his friendship with James Joyce (he published Conversations with James Joyce in 1974), but was a good painter in his own right and helped to introduce modernism to Ireland.  Father Patrick Power (1862-1951), author of History of the Diocese of Waterford etc., was notable historian and antiquarian.Richard Power(1928-1970) was a novelist and civil servant. His best works are The Land of Youth (1966) and The Hungry Grass(1969).Power's distillery produces a famous Irish whiskey.The branch of the Power family pertaining to this distillery business were from Wexford,with their seat at Edermine near Enniscorthy.

THE FAMILY OF TYRONE POWER (1765-1798)            

Tyrone Power was born 1765 in county Waterford, Ireland. His parents,siblings and family background are unknown or at best not definitively determined by researchers and my own investigations did not shed much light on the subject. What is known is that he married  Marie Maxwell who was born in 1770. It is also known that Tyrone Power died in the USA in 1798,although this date conflicts with information in other accounts by a year or two.How many children the couple had is unknown to the researcher but all evidence points to the them having only one child, namely, the well- known actor William Grattan Tyrone Power(1797-1841). Most accounts state that Tyrone Power died in the USA “ when his son was a year old, which based on his son’s birth year of 1796 would make it 1796 rather than 1798 which many sources give. It is stated that Tyrone Power was a member of a well-to –do County of Waterford,Ireland family, but which family he is decended from has not been established by the researcher. When his son is spoken of he is referred to as being born  to a “landed family” and “wealthy family”, and one must wonder why his father would go to America to better his fortune.All indications are that Tyrone Power was not wealthy and in the words of his son his widowed mother was not well off.

Perhaps the most reliable source of information comes from an account by William Grattan Tyrone Power which can be seen online and appeared in the New York Times October 1,1852. Although William Grattan Tyrone Power kept among his papers a journal, very few original records survive for they and he were lost at sea when the ship he was sailing on sank in 1841 . However ,a gentleman by the name of Mr Calcraft was a close friend and travelling companion of W.G.T. Power and it is through his writing that some interesting information has survived. The Times  printed an account by Mr Calcraft with direct quotations by W.G.T. Power himself about his family and career , from which I give the following. The original account is dated August 6,1839 and pertains to the arrival of W.G.T. Power “ at the Dolphin Hotel at Southampton” (postcard view of the hotel is shown opposite)where he refers to his previous visit there in 1817 and the state of his affairs in 1836. He said that in 1817 “ my yearly income scarcely reached 50 pounds. I brought my wife [ Anne Power,nee Gilbert 1794-1896] here to see my poor mother[Marie Power],just before our wedding ( married Anne in 1817].Twenty two years have passed away [now 1839] and here we are again with my income upwards of 6,000 pounds annually. My family of seven children healthy and good,well-educated and affectionate.Having two sons in America allowed more for their yearly expenditure than their mother and I possessed for six years.All this my own parent [his mother] lived to see accomplished by her son’s industry and Heaven’s blessing,assisted by a good and virtious wife, who’s encouraging and sustaining aid was never wanting.At this very hotel my mother put up, when on her way to France with her newly-wedded husband [Tyrone Power 1765-1798],now nearly half a century back [subtracting 50 years from 1836, the year of marriage of his parents would be 1789]”. I should also add that mentioned in this article is that W.G.T. Power had made this trip in 1836  for the reason of “ taking Mrs Power to the Isle of Wight on an excursion for her health”. W.G.T Power continues “And here [in 1836] is her [Marie Power’s] son,after being left a beggar through her husband’s extravagences,rich beyond expectations of ambition, and happier than rich, in contentment, and heath, and hope”. Mr Calcraft states “His father [Tyrone Power 1765-1798] , an Irish gentleman, died in America, when he had repaired in the hopes of bettering his fortune,leaving his young widow [Marie] and infant [W.G.T. Power], who had remained in Ireland until he felt his way with some certainty, to rely on very slender means for support. His mother moved to Cardiff [Wales].”

When W.G.T. Power “found himself in 1815 in Newport Isle of Wight, where he remained for seven years.In this town he found an attachment to a Miss Gilbert  [Anne Gilbert 1794-1876], the orphan daughter of a gentleman [John Gilbert] of the island and connected with some of the oldest names in the south of England.He married her when he was only 19 [in 1816] and his bride a year younger [age 18, born 1796].His wife was entitled to a small fortune on her coming of age”. Mr Calcraft continues with a detailed account of the acting career of W.G.T. Power which I have not reproduced here but appears elsewhere in my article. Calcraft continues “ From Dublin he migrated to Margate, Newcastle, and afterwards Scotland. On receiving his wife’s fortune he fell into a Quixotic scheme of removing to the Cape, entering into a speculation with an officer of rank for the settlement of Algou Bay. During his absence from England Power kept a diary but it with all his papers had disappeared. “ On Powers arrival in Cape Town he set off on an exploring expedition”. Mr Calcraft gives several accounts of the time W.G.T. Power spent in Africa and refers to him hunting lions and that “In 1821 Power returned to England convinced of the fruitlessness of the speculation and once more back to the stage”.

In addition to what has been given it is known that Maria Power, nee Maxwell , was born 1770 and that she was the daughter of Colonel M. Maxwell who fell in the American War of Independence. This war ran from 1775 to 1783.The surname of Maxwell is also well established in Ireland.Further research is required on the Maxwell line to provide more details about this branch of the family.

The County of Waterford, Ireland, the roots of the Power family, boasts as being “Irelands First Parish,the earliest Christian settlement in Northern Europe, at Ardmore, now a pretty fishing village with one of the country’s best beaches.St Declon settled there around 410 after returning from a trip to Rome, and founded a monestary on Aurd Mhor, a small hill besides the present village. The monestary has gone but the remains of the 12th century St Declon’s Cathedral survive. Waterford  is also known for Waterford Crystal, synonymous with quality and is often referred to as the “Crystal County”.

The name of “Tyrone” is a common one in the Power family  and it still appears in the names of some decendents of the family in the 21st century. As I have mentioned above , there was in the County of Waterford , the “Earl of Tyrone” and so perhaps the use of that name by the Power family is derived from that source. Interestingly, an article, which I give details of later, by Susan Margaret Butler ,a decendent of the Power family , entitled “ Annaghmakerrig”, the name of a Power family ancestral home in Ireland, states in her coverage of the home and the Power family history that William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797-1841) was  “allegedly an illegitimate son of the Earl of Tyrone, late 2nd Marquess of Waterford (1772-1826)”. How she arrived at this speculation is unknown to the researcher and I have not found any evidence to support the allegation, but it’s an interesting one.

I now turn my attention to William Grattan Tyrone Power(1797-1841) and his family.

WILLIAM GRATTAN TYRONE POWER AND FAMILY            

An account from the Oxford University Press was used as the base for the information here, but I have supplemented it with information from various sources,such as Wikepedia. to provide a fuller account of his life, although I have not included a full account of  his various acting engagements. This information can be easily obtained from various books that have been written about him as well as numerous sources on the internet.

William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797–1841), actor ,author and theatrical manager, was born near Kilmacthomas, co. Waterford, Ireland, on 2 November 1797. His father was Tyrone Power(1765-1798)a member of a well-to-do Waterford family who died in America  before Tyrone was a year old. His mother, Marie, the daughter of a Colonel Maxwell, who fell in the American War of Independence, settled, on her husband's death, in Cardiff, where she had a distant relative named Bird, a printer and bookseller. On the voyage from Dublin she and her son were wrecked off the Welsh coast, and narrowly escaped drowning. Power may have served an apprenticeship to Bird's business in Cardiff. Bird was printer to the local theatre, and seems to have introduced Power to the company of strolling players which, to the great grief of his mother, he joined in his fourteenth year. He was handsome and well made, and creditably filled the role of a ‘walking gentleman’.

In 1815 Power visited Newport, Isle of Wight, where he made his début as Alonzo in Sheridan's Pizarro, and where he also became engaged to Anne Gilbert (1798–1876),sometimes given as (1794-1876)), the third daughter of John Gilbert of that town. He married her in 1817 when he was nineteen and she was a year younger. After appearing in various minor characters he undertook in 1818 at Margate the part of a comic Irishman, Looney Mactwoler, in Colman's The Review. His first attempt in the role, in which he was destined to make a great reputation, was a complete failure. Want of success as an actor led him at the end of the year, when his wife succeeded to a small fortune, to quit the stage. He sailed for the Cape of Good Hope in 1820 and spent twelve months ineffectively in South Africa, but returned to England and the stage in 1821. His mother had encouraged him to quit acting and accept an appointment in the British commissariat service in South Africa, which he did but returned to England in his early 20’s. He made his first appearance at the English Opera House, London, in 1822, as Charles Austencourt in Man and Wife. In the same year he performed at the Olympic, of which he also became stage-manager for a while. He continued to obtain small engagements in the London theatres, and in 1824 made a second and somewhat successful attempt in Irish farce as Larry Hoolagan, a drunken scheming servant, in The Irish Valet. In 1826, while filling small roles at Covent Garden, his opportunity came. Charles Connor, the leading Irish comedian on the London stage, died suddenly of apoplexy in St James's Park on 7 October 1826. At the time he was fulfilling an engagement at Covent Garden. Power was allotted Connor's parts as Serjeant Milligan in Returned Killed and O'Shaughnessy in The One Hundred Pound Note. His success was immediate. Henceforth he confined himself to the delineation of Irish characters, such as Sir Lucius O'Trigger in Sheridan's The Rivals, Dr O'Toole in The Irish Tutor, and Dennis Brulgruddery in Colman's John Bull, in which he is said by contemporary critics to have been superior to Connor, and at least the equal of John Henry Johnstone. He appeared at the Haymarket, Adelphi, and Covent Garden theatres, fulfilling long engagements at £100 and £120 a week, and he paid annual visits to the Theatre Royal, Dublin, where he was always received with boundless enthusiasm. Between 1833 and 1835 he made a tour of the principal American towns and cities, and repeated the visit in 1837 and 1838. His fame landed him an engagement in New York August 1833.He attributed his success in the USA to an attentive and accepting American audience, as well as to the organic nature of his repertoire.

On his return to London after his first tour of America, Power published Impressions of America (2 vols., 1836). He had previously published three romances—The Lost Heir (1830), The Gipsy of Abruzzo (1831), and The King's Secret (1831). He also wrote the Irish drama St Patrick's Eve, or, The Orders of the Day (1832); a comedy entitled Married Lovers; and the Irish farces Born to Good Luck, or, The Irishman's Fortune, How to Pay the Rent, Paddy Carey, the Boy of Clogheen (1833), and O'Flannigan and the Fairies (1836), all of which he produced himself.

Power's last appearance on the London stage was at the Haymarket on the evening of Saturday 1 August 1840, when he filled the roles of Captain O'Cutter in Colman's The Jealous Wife, Sir Patrick O'Plenipo ADC in Kenney's The Irish Ambassador, and Tim More (a travelling tailor) in The Irish Lion. He then paid a fourth visit to America, in order to look after some property he had purchased in Texas and £3000 he had invested in the United States Bank, which had stopped payment. His performance at the Park Theatre, New York, on 9 March 1841, as Gerald Pepper and Morgan Rattler, was to be his last appearance on stage. On 11 March 1841 he left New York on the return voyage in the President, the largest steamer then afloat. There were 123 persons on board. The steamer was accompanied by the packet ship Orpheus, also bound for Liverpool. On the night of 12 March a storm rose and raged during the whole of Saturday the 13th. Before the break of dawn on Sunday the 14th the President disappeared, and no vestige of her was afterwards recovered. Power was forty-three years old at the date of the disaster. It is said that he purchased land that would later be occupied by Madison Square Garden, New York, shortly before his death but the lawyer who held the papers could  not be found so the Power family were unable to claim right to the property.There is an interesting entry in Probate records about W.G.T  Power who is referred to as William Henry Grattan Tyrone Power “late of Oxford Square, Hydre Park, Middlesex, but on board the steam ship President at sea, who died on or since March 11,1841 at sea left unadministered by Ann Power, widow, the relict, was granted to William Tyrone Power of 25 Holland Park, Knight, the son and one of the next of kin. Former grant Prerogation Court of Canterbury 1841”. The son referred to was Sir William James Murray Tyrone Power (1819-1911).Soon after the sinking of the ship Queen Victoria sent a message of sympathy to Mrs Power. No wreckage was ever found of the ship but it is claimed that in the autumn of 1841 an Irish fisherman near Cork picked up a bottle out of the sea, inside was a piece of paper and written on it, in what is claimed to be the hand of Mr Power  was “ The President is sinking, God Help us all. Tyrone Power”.

Tyrone Power was about 5 feet 8 inches in height; his form was light and agile, with a very animated and expressive face, light complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair. He was best in representations of blundering, good-natured, and eccentric Irish characters; but his exuberant, rollicking humour and his inexhaustible good spirits he infused into every comedy and farce, however indifferent, in which he acted.He left a widow and four sons and two daughters.

His published works include (1) Born to Good Luck: or the Irishman’s Fortune,a farce in two acts (2) How to Pay the Rent; a farce (3)St Patrick’s Eve; or the Order of the Day, a drama in 3 acts (4) The Lost Heir and The Prediction (1830) (5) The King’s Secret (1831) (6) The Gipsy of the Abruzza (1831) (7) Impressions of America, during the years 1833,1834 and 1835 (1836)

The children of William Grattan Tyrone Power and his wife Anne Power, nee Gilbert (1794-1876) are as follows. Details about each of them are given in a later section of this article.

1)      Sir William James MurrayTyrone Power KCB(1819-1911), became for some time agent-general for New Zealand and was the author of various books of travel.

2)      Maurice Henry Anthony O’Reilly Power(1821-1849), went on the stage, and died suddenly in 1849.He was also a barrister.

3)      Frederick Augustus Dobbyn Nugent Power (1823-1896)

4)      Clara Elizabeth Murray Power (1825-?)

5)      Mary Jane Power (1827-?)

6)      Harold Littledale Power (1833-1901)

7)      F. Power, a daughter

THE GILBERT FAMILY OF THE ISLE OF WIGHT      

The connection of the name Gilbert to the name Power is by way of the marriage of William Grattan Tyrone Power to Anne Gilbert in 1817. Being a Gilbert myself, I was of course most interested in this line of Gilbert’s but sadly was not able to establish a direct link to them.Anne was born sometime in the period of 1794 to 1798 and died in 1876. She was of Newport, Isle of Wight,the third daughter of John Gilbert and unknown mother.Anne Power is found as a widow and head of the household and  “householder” is the 1851 census, born 1795 London.The census was taken at “Staplehay” Pitminster,Somerset. Living with her was her children Frederick,Calra,Mary and Harold and three servants. The 1861 census, taken at Paddington London list Anne as a widow and head of the household and a “house owner”,born 1795 Newport Hampshire. Living with her was her children Clara,Mary and Harold and one visitor and four servants. Probate records give “ Anne Power late of 25 Holland Park,Middlesex,widow, died May 7,1876 at 25 Holland Park,Proved by her son Harold Littledale Power of Greenhithe,Kent,civil engineer. Her estate was valued as “under 3,000 pounds”.

The publication“Actors by Daylight” of April 21,1838 has in it a chapter entitled “Memoirs of Tyrone Power, esq  which in part gives “ Mr Power is a native of Waterford. At an early age he received a commission from the Marquis of Waterford, then Lord Tyrone, his godfather, and for some years was in the staff of the Waterford militia.He also served for a short time in the navy under Captain Collins. In 1815 there was peace and Mr Power tried the stage. In 1815 he came out in Mrs Stratford’s company at Newport, IOW in the character of Alonzo in Pizarrs…He continued in this company for two years until about January 1817 when he was united at the romantic church of Beaulieu, near Lymington, to Miss Anne Gilbert, 3rd daughter of John Gilbert, esq, of Newport IOW. In this lady Mr Power found a fortune which does not often fall to the lot of a young county actor. She was exceedingly beautiful, highly accomplished, and of a family and connections of the greatest respectability. One of her sisters is the wife of the present vice chancellor, Sir Launcelot Chadwell. On the recommendation of Mr W. Farren, Mr Power enlisted under the banners of Mr Jones of Dublin in which city he opened in November 1818 in the parts of Romeo and Jeremy Diddler…” So as one can see Anne Gilbert was a woman of great beauty, character, position and wealth.

John Gilbert was a well-to-do solicitor in Newport,Isle of Wight. He is found mentioned as the trustee of several estates there and as the executor of estates of those deceased. He was also a prominent land owner. One record dated May 20,1790 relates to the assignment of a mortgage of two newly erected homes with grounds  in Calbourne,IOW , in which “John Gilbert of Newport IOW ,gent” is referred to.Another record dated October 9,1788 refers to the sale of property on St James Street, Newport of which John Gilbert, esq, is listed as a trustee of the estate of John Perry of Newport. Another record from the National Archives dated August 12,1803 refers to an assignment of a mortgage for property in which “John Gilbert of Newport, gent” and three others are given as inheritors. The National Archives has in their collection several other similar examples.

The following marriage announcement appeared in the Winchester Journal of Sat. June 13,1818. “ On Monday last was married at Lymington Church, R.L. Ferrar, esq of the 60th Regiment, to Elizabeth Ferrers, eldest daughter of the late John Gilbert, esq, of Newport, IOW. This puts the date of marriage as June 8,1818.

Another marriage announcement appeared in the Winchester Journal of Saturday February 28,1818 which stated “ On Monday last was married at lymington, by the Rev. Ellis Jones, Tobias Young, esq, of the Royal Navy, to Jane, 4th daughter of the late John Gilbert, esq, solicitor of Newport, IOW”. A review of naval records gives an 1812 listing for Tobias Young as a Lieut. Other naval records show that in 1815 he was a Lieut on the ship “Snapper”.

The researcher has not determined who the wife of John Gilbert was not if he had any sons and for that matter how many daughters in total he had. What has been determined , as the above records prove, is that he had at least four daughters, namely, Anne Gilbert who married William Grattan Tyrone Power(1797-1841) in 1817; Jane Ferrers, nee Power, who was married in 1818 to Lieut Tobias Young ; Unnamed daughter who was stated to have married Sir Launcelot Chadwell; Elizabeth who married in 1818 R.L. Ferrar of the 60th regiment. Interestingly however, my review of the life of Sir Lancelot Shadwell (1779-1850), who must be the one referred to above, gives details about his life and wifes but none are given with the maiden name of Gilbert. Wikepedia and other sites were consulted regarding Lancelot Shadwell,including the Dictionary of National Biography which gives a long account about him. The website www.historyofparliment online.org  has another account of him but again no mention of a Gilbert wife.

The National Archives has in their collection the “Will of John Gilbert, gentleman of Newport IOW” dated March 24,1809, which establishes the year of his death. It is unknown to the researcher when he was born but it is interesting to note that he is given as “the late John Gilbert” in the marriage records of his daughters in 1817 and 1818.TA sample of  records from the National Archives,which I have given above show he was active as a solicitor at least from 1788 onwards and his 3rd daughter Anne was born 1794.Further research of the Gilbert family will be necessary to fill in the blanks in the historical record.

MAURICE HENRY ANTHONY O’REILLY POWER (1821-1849)        

Maurice was the second eldest son of William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797-1841).His older brother was Sir William James Henry Tyrone Power(1819-1911). Maurice had been born February 1,1821 near Kilmacthomas, Co., Waterford,Ireland and was baptised at St Andrew,Holburn,London on July 12,1828.

Maurice had a short life having been stricken by the severe Cholera outbreak of 1849 and died that ,at the young age of 28, at a time when men are beginning to establish themselves in their career.Shown opposite is a photograph of his headstone at Abbey Cemetery,Bath. Not much has been written about Maurice, no doubt because of his short career and there is no evidence that he was married or had any children. What is known is that he graduated from Oxford University; was admitted to the bar; and worked initially as a barrister and later as an actor. According to the author William Winter, Maurice was not successful as an actor and failed in his attempt to establish himself in this profession.

The Dublin University Magazine of November 1852 has as a footnote on page 572 the following , referring to performances at the Dublin Theatre in the 1830’s “ Many years later, when Maurice Power, the son of Tyrone Power, opened in Dublin as ‘The Irish Ambassador’ .the veteran actor T.P. Couke remained, after his own engagement had terminated, to assist the debut of the young candidate [Maurice], out of respect to the memory of his father”. Since his father died in 1841 this account must relate to the period after 1841.

An article from the 1940’s entitled ‘Tyrone Power & Theatre back in 1833’ which relates to William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797-1841) says “ In 1848 one finds the son of Tyrone, Maurice Power, striving although with indifferent success, to continue the tradition of his father”.

FREDERICK AUGUSTUS DOBBYN NUGENT POWER (1823-1896)

Frederick was the 3rd son of William Gratton Tyrone Power and was born near Kilmacthomas,co., Waterford,Ireland January 4,1823 and was baptised at St Andrew, Holburn,London on July 12,1828, the same day as his brother Maurice.

Frederick is found living with his widowed mother Anne and his siblings Clara,Mary and Harold in the 1851 census, taken at “Staplehay” Pitminster,Somerset and is identified as being a civil engineer.

Frederick graduated from university with a degree in engineering and had a successful career as a Civil Engineer. He inherited the title of ‘Le Poer’.

Frederick married Anne Somers, the daughter of Charles Somers.

The 1871 census, taken at South Kensington,London records Frederick living on his own but also in the home were nine servants and four guests.

Frederick left a fortune of some197,000 pounds upon his death in 1896.

CLARA ELIZABETH MURRAY POWER ( 1825-?)

Clara was born April 29,1825 near Kilmacthomas co., Waterford,Ireland and was the eldest daughter of William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797-1841). She was baptised as Clara Elizabeth Murray Power July 12,1828 at St Andrew Holborn. The 1851 census, taken at “Staplehay” Pitminster,Somerset records Clara as being born 1826 London and living with her widowed mother Anne and her siblings Mary,Frederick and Harold. The 1861 census, taken at Paddington,London records Clara as born 1826 Peckham,Surrey and living with her widowed mother Anne and siblings Mary and Harold , one visitor and four servants. The researcher was unable to trace her after 1861.

MARY JANE POWER (1827-?)

Mary Jane Power was born May 10,1827 near Kilmacthomas co., Waterford,Ireland and was the second eldest daughter of William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797-1841).She was baptised as Mary Jane Power July 12,1828 at St Andrew, Holborn. She is found in the 1851 census, taken at “Staplehay” Pitminster,Somerset,as born 1826 London  living with her widowed mother Anne and her siblings Frederick,Clara and Harold along with three servants. She is found in the 1861 census, taken at Paddington London as  born 1834 Holborn,Middlesex (actually born 1826) and living with her widowed mother Anne and her siblings Clara and Harold along with one visitor and four servants. The researcher was unable to trace her after the 1861 census.

F. POWER (?-?)

The researcher was unable to find any information about this child of William Grattan Tyrone Power (1798-1841). It is believed that this person was a daughter and died as an infant. There is no record of this person in the 1851 and 1861 census, unless “F. Power” related to Anne’s son Frederick Power who is listed in the 1851 census. Further research will be required to establish if this person exists and who he/she actually is.

HAROLD LITTLEDALE POWER (1833-1901)

Harold was the youngest son of William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797-1841). He was an actor, wine merchant, mine agent and an engineer. His wife was Eliza (Ethel) Lavenu (1842-1917),whom he married in July 14,1866 at Marylebone,London, and with her he had two children namely Frederick Tyrone Edmond Power(1869-1931) and George Arthur Power(born 1868). Harold’s wife was also a Shakespearean actress,both known on stage as “Tyrone Power” and “Patia Power”.

Eliza (Ethel) Power(photo opposite), nee Lavenu was the daughter of Lewis Henry Lavenu (1818-died 1859 in Sydney,Australia)and Julia Lavenu,nee Blossett(1822-1864).Eliza’s siblings were Ade b1841,Alice b1845,Lewis St George,b1845,Valentine b1848 and Bessy(1849-1875).Eliza had been born December 24,1842 at Chelse London and died June 1917 at Folham.London. Eliza is found in the 1851 census living with her parents and siblings at St Marylebone,London and in the 1861 census she is living with her parents and siblings at Westminster St martin in the Fields,Middlesex. An image of Lewis Henry Lavenue is given below that of Eliza Power.

Lewis’s step mother was Elizabeth Lavenu; his father was Lewis Augustus Lavenu; his step father was Nicolas Mori. Eliza’s sisters were Unk Levenu, Alice de Jimenea. Bessie Lavenu, Ada Lavenu. Her brothers were Valentine Lavenu and Lewis Henry Lavenu, who married Frances Nathan. The Nathan family were Jewish and there was an actress called Sarah Nathan who is believed to be related to Lewis Henry Lavenu,junior.Also to be found is Isaac Nathan (1790-1864) who emigrated to Australia and was a friend of Byron and the first composer of Australia. 

Harold Littledale Power was only 8 when is father died at sea. He had been born 1833 at Kilmacthomas County Waterford,Ireland ( See different birth locations in census records below).He had been baptised June 3,1838 at Paddington Green St Mary.He too tried his hand at acting for a while under the name of Harold Page. He later worked in a post office and as a wine merchant before becoming a civil engineer. He had become a successful concert pianist and actor in England.After his marriage to Eliza(Ethel) the two of them performed as a husband and wife team.They were well-off and comfortable due to Harold’s father’s success on stage and also due to Harold’s and Ethel’s own show business acumen, which included successful plays in London and in New York in which they were billed as “Mr and Mrs Power”. Their performances were “clever” and  also “humerous” according to Mr Winter, an author.

Harold is found in the 1851 census, taken at “Staplehay” Pitminster,London  as born 1833 at Musbury,Devon, and living with his widowed mother Anne and his siblings Frederick,Clara and Mary.Also in the home were three servants. In the 1861 census, taken at Paddington London Harold is given as born 1834 at Paddington,London, and living with his widowed mother Anne and his sisters Clara and Mary.also in the home was one visitor and four servants. In the 1871 census,taken at 15 Eldon Road,Kensington, Harold was recorded as heat of the household, a wine merchant, and living with his wife  and his children George Arthur Power,age 3, and Frederick Tyrone Edmund Power,age 1.Also in the home were three servants.

The 1881 census, taken at 2 Mandeville Place,London recorded Harold as a lead mine agent. Living with him was his wife Ethel and two servants,one of whom was a housekeeper by the name of Miriam Nathan,age 38. The mention of the househeeper is interesting as Ada Leslie or Lavenu and her daughters were always to be found on census records with the Nathan family, two of which were actresses, [Sarah Nathan (1831-1912) married firstly William Morgan, an actor/manager, and secondly James Brown Howard whos real name was Michael Cornelius Hoban, an actor/manager, founder of the LyceumTheatre in Edinburgh and the Howard & Wyndham company. Sarah;s neice Rebecca or Reike Nathan, born 1869, was an actress under the name of Reike Ronalds.

In the 1881 census, their son Frederick Tyron Edmund Power was at the school of Isabella Greeve in Reigate,Surray. He was age 11 and given as being born in Rukku,India. In the 1891 census Harold and his wife were living at St Marylebone,London and with them were just two servants.

The 1901 census, taken at 6b Hyde Park Mansions, Marylebone,records Harold as a mining engineer.He is also found at the same address as 1901 as a mining engineer in the 1891 census.

Harold died quite wealthy in 1901, leaving an estate valued at about 37,000 pounds, having inherited a large sum of money from his brothers.His probate gives “Harold Littledale Power of 24 Portland Place,Middlesex,died March 22,1901. Probate was to Eliza Power,widow.

Knowing how important a good umbrella is to the good people of England, it is interesting to note that Harold Littledale Power made his contribution by obtaining an American patent (#144865A) on November 25,1873 for “An Improvement in Umbrellas”.

THE DECENDENTS OF HAROLD LITTLEDALE POWER(1833-1901)          

Harolds son Frederick Tyrone Edmund Power(1869-1931) was born May 2,1869 and died December 30,1931.In 1901 he was still single and was working as a publisher living with his aunt Mary Heath at 35 Carlton Cres., Southampton, Hampshire.  His second wife was Helen Emma Reaume(photo below labelled as Mrs Tyrone Power) who died in 1959. He had a daughter Anne Power who married Ukn Hardenbergh and did not follow the family into a career of acting.

Frederick emigrated to America where he became a huge success as an actor. After thirty prosperous years on stage he transferred to silent films, where he generally played the villain, he starred in 46 stage plays and 40 films, In 1931, now aged 62,while starring in a remake of The Miracle Man, he died of a heart attack in the arms of his 17 year old son, Tyrone Power III (1914-1858) who was born May 5,1914 in Cincinatti,Ohio,and  died November 15,1958.

Tyrone Power III became a Hollywood star of the 1930’s – 1950’s, and was married three times. His first wife was Deborah Loew nee Montgomery born in 1931 but apparently did not have any children by her. His second marriage was to Linda and had two daughters Romina and Taryn who both became actors.His third wife was Deborah with whom he had a son Tyrone Power.The full name of Tyrone Power III was Tyrone Edmund Power.In 2013 a documentary about Tyrone Power III was made.Tyrone Power II was renounded for his dark, classically handsome looks.Altogether he starred in 48 full-length films.Though mainly associated with swashbuckling roles or romantic leads such as in The Mark of Zorro, Blood and Sand, The Black Swan,Prince of Foxes, The Black Rose, and Captain from Castile, he was equally at home in every genre of movie. In addition to being married 3 time he was known to have had affairs with several women such as Lana Turner, Mai  Zetterling ,beside a number of gay relationships. But his enduring love was his second wife, the gifted Mexican actress Linda Christian, to whom he was married from 1949 to 1955.He was in Spain filming Solomon and Sheba, when he suffered a massive heart attack and died.

Romina Power, born in 1951 was the eldest daughter of Tyrone Power III by his wife Linda Christian. A talented singer and actress, she settled in Italy where she married Albano Carrisi. They had four children. For many years they were a much-loved singing duo on Italian TV. Then in 1944 their lives were shattered by the unexplained disappearance of their eldest daughter the poet, painter,world traveller, and TV celebrity Ylenia Carrisi. Their marriage ended in divorce and in 2007 Romina returned to live in California, to the intense disappointment of her Italian public. Tyyn Power, born in 1953 and younger sister of Romina, is a well-known American actress. The only son of Tyrone Power III was Tyrone Power IV who was born in 1959 by his father’s third wife  and was born after his father’s death.He became a well- known American actor and is the latest in the long line of Power family actors from Kilacchtomas,Ireland.

Harold Littledale Power also had a son George Arthur Power who also persued a career in the theatre. He was born June 10,1867  Marylebone,London. George was baptised as George Arthur Power August 24,1867 at Surbiton St Mark.

George appears in the 1871 census with his parents and brother Frederick. On March 28,1896 George married Kate Serjeantson, spinster, the daughter of Peter Serjeantson, a merchant. Kate was given in marriage records as a 21 year old spinster, making her year of birth 1875 but census records give her date and place of birth as 1874 London.Birth indexes record her birth as 2nd qtr 1874 at St George Hanover Square,London. Both George and Kate were living at the time of the marriage at 61 Hyde Park Mansion and George’s occupation was given as “actor”.

The 1901 census, taken at 84 Barons Court Road,Fulham,London records George Power, age 33, born 1868 London as an actor. Living with him was his wife Kate, age 27, an actress and their 4 year old daughter Nancy, born 1897 London and one domestic servant.

The 1911 census, taken at 96 Barons Court Road,Fulham,London records George Power ,age 44 born 1867 St Georges, London, an actor, and living with him was his wife Kate, age 37, an actress and one domestic servant. .The census records that they had been married 15 years; had one child (still living) and their accommodations consisted of eight rooms.  Their daughter Nancy is found in the 1911 census living as a visitor with the Frederick Matthews family at Paddock Cottage near Uckfield,Sussex.She is given in the census, as age 14, born 1897 London and a pupil in school. The birth index for Nancy gives her as being born in the 1st qtr of 1897 at Marylebone,London. A family tree records that Nancy also had a sister but no  details are given.Records show that Nancy was baptised as Nancy Tyrone Power May 9,1897 at Bryanste Square,St Mary and that her parents were Kate Power and George “Littledale” Power.The use of the name “Littledale” is not legally correct but its connection to George is twofold, firstly his father’s middle name was Littledale and secondly George Arthur Power performed under the stage name of “Littledale Power” and “ Mr Littledale Power” in both England and the United States. Several websites including “Geni” gives George Arthur Power using the nickname (or stage name) of Littledale Power.

A review of passenger lists show that George, his wife Kate and their daughter Nancy travelled frequently between England and New York, USA.One list for example gives among its passengers, on the ship “St Louis” Kate Power,actress, age 42, born 1874 and her daughter Nancy Power, age 19, also given as an actress,They were both travelling to New York, having departed from Liverpool on September 30,1916.

Kates acting career was a short one for probate records give “ Kate Power of 95 Gunlerstone Road West Kensington,Middlesex (wife of George Arthur Power) died February 10,1918 at New York United States. Probate was to Horace Sandars,esq, attorney of the said George Arthur Power”. She left an estate of only 271 pounds.

Kates daughter Nancy appears to have been married in 1923 for there is a record of a Nancy T. Power marrying a Joseph L.Henry Sept 1923 at Brentwood,Middlesex.

George Arthur Power survived his wife. A review of theatrical performances shows he was quite active as an actor on both sides of the ocean. One record, as an example, records Mr Littledale Power playing the role of Jemmy Cutlets in the November 19,1894 performance of ‘Under the Mask of Truth’ at the Metropole, Camberwell. On September 5,1903 Mr Littledale Power played the role of Leonard in ‘The Climbers’ at the Comedy Theatre in London. In the United States he was one of 30 British actors and actresses who were part of the Annie Russel Old English Comedy Troupe. This troupe was active in many parts of the United States, but particularly in New York during the early 1900’s. The troupe was disbanded in 1914. Mr Littledale Power is mentioned in many records of this troupe. Various websites make reference to “Littledale Power” and one of them lists four plays he perfomed in on Broadway namely (1) The Garden (1914) (2) The Rivals (1912) (3) Much Ado About Nothing (1912) (4) She Stoops to Conquer (1912).

When and where George Arthur Power died  has not been determined by the researcher but obviously he was still living after the death of his wife in 1918 and it would appear based on his wife’s death information that the couple were residents of Britain in the early years and later in the United States. It is not known by the researcher where he and his wife were buried.

SIR WILLIAM JAMES MURRAY TYRONE POWER (1819-1911)         

William was the eldest son of William Grattan Tyrone Power(1897-1941). He had been born June 8,1819 at Kilmacthomas,co. Waterford ,Ireland  and was christened July 12,1828 with three of his siblings at St Andrew, Holburn,London. He had attended Wellington College.He is most noted for becoming the Commissary-General of the British Army and Agent General for New Zealand, and was knighted. He was also the author of several books on world travel.  He had travelled extensively throughout Asia during the 19th century while serving with the British Army. A decendent of the Power family posted on the internet the following information under the heading “1841 SS President Sinks; Lord Melbourne obtains Army commission” and states : Our grandfather was drowned coming from America when the President was lost in March 1841, on hearing which,Lord Melbourne, who was then premier, and a great friend and admirer of Tyrone Power’s went to see our Grandmother to discuss our father’s (Sir William) future and offered her a commission for him in “the Commissariat” (now called the Army Service Corps) which she was in no position to refuse as she was left with a large family and small means, though father would have preferred to go to the bar”. The posting continues “ 1843-1846 1st China War- Makes the acquaintance of Gordon of China (later Gordon of Khartoum). 1846-1848 New Zealand for the Maoir War-He greatly admired not only the beautiful country, but the Maori themselves. 1949 Ireland-Famine relief work and first time he visited our family home, Annaghmakerrig. 1850-1853 Jaffir War. 1854-1856 Crimea. 1857 2nd China War. 1859-married. 1862-1863 Trent Affair during which he went to Canada in case Britain declared war on the northern States in the Civil War. 1863-1871 War Office. 1865 Knighted. 1876 Acting Agent General for New Zealand”. The source of the above is from a letter written from The Crossways, Tunbridge Wells in July 1941 by Susan Gilbert Power (my grandmother’s aunt). Susan Gilbert Power (1860-1948), was one of the daughters of Sir William Murray Tyrone Power and I give much more information about her later in a separate part of this article.

On October 20,1859 William married Martha Moorhead (1832-1890). It was upon her death in 1890 the Sir William and some of his children moved to Tunbridge Wells.

The 1861 census, taken at Paddington London records William T Power born 1820,Newton on Tyne,Sussex. Living with him was his wife Martha,born 1832 USA  and his daughter Susan Gilbert Power,age 6 mths, born 1860 Ireland. Also in the home were five servants as well as his father in law John Moorhead, age 72, born 1789 Ireland and his mother in law Susan Moorhead,age 66, born 1795 in the USA..

The 1871 census, taken at 42 Cleveland Square, London gives William T., Power, age 51,born 1820 Newcastle on Tyne, KCB Commissary General,. Living with him was his wife Martha, age 39, born in Cincinatti USA and their children Susan Gilbert, age 10, born 1861 Monaghan,Ireland; John Moorhead, age8, born 1863 Harston, Ireland; William Tyrone,age 6,born 1865 Middlesex,Norah Emily Gorman, age 3, born 1868 London and Annie Evangeline,age 6 mths, born 1871 in London. There were also a number of servants in the home. Middlesex and Annie Evangeline,age 6 mths, born 1870 Middlesex.Also in the home were six servants.

Baptism records are as follows; (1) William Tyrone Power May 22,1864 at Paddington St Stephen (2)Norah Emily Gorman Power June 11,1863 at Paddington St Stephen (3) Annie Evangeline Power November 30,1870 at Paddington Holy Trinity.

The 1881 census, taken at Sandhurst,Berkshire  “Wellington College” was William Tyrone Power .age 16. Born 1865, London. He was the son of Sir William, who had attended the same college. His brother John Moorehead Power also attended Wellington College and went on to attend Cambridge Trinity College. Details about his education are given later. The 1881 census records John Moorhead Power away at school.

Although it is known that Sir William was living in Tunbridge Wells at the time of the 1891 census, no record for him or his family could be found by the researcher. His wife Martha is recorded as having died in the 2nd qtr of 1890 at East Grinstead,Sussex although her place of normal residence was in London.

The 1891 Scotland census,taken at Urguhart,Inverness gives at head of the household Kate Torey Lewis, age 28 and with her apart from two domestic servants are two of the daughters of Sir William, namely, Norah E.G. Power,age 23 and Annie E Power, age 20.Both sisters are single and living on private means.

The 1901 census taken at #8 Broadwater Down,Tunbridge Wells records William Tyrone Power,age 81,born 1820 Newcastle-upon-Tyne  as head of the household and living on private means.Living with his was his daughter Susan Gilbert Power,age 40, single, born 1861 Monaghan,Ireland, living on private means. Also in the home were his married daughter Annie Evangeline Kesteven,age 30, born 1871 London and her husband Thomas Lawrence Kesteven (1863-1939) born in Staffordshire and working as a solicitor. Records show that Annie married Thomas in the 4th qtr of 1896 at Ticehurst,Sussex.Two of the Kesteven children were also living with the Power family, namely Mary ,age 3, born 1898 London, and Nora, age 1, born 1900 London. The family lived in a large mansion and they had a staff of 6 servants. There was also a guest visiting at the time. A 1903 directory gives “Sir William Tyrone Power KCB, 8 Broadwater Down,Tunbridge Wells”.

The 1911 census, taken at #8  Broadwater Down, records William T. Power, age 91,born 1820 at Newcastle-Upon-Tyne and living on private means.Living with him was his daughter Susan Gilbert Power,age 50, single, born 1861 Monaghan,Ireland .also present was Florence Howard, age 45, single, who was listed as a companion, as well as six domestic servants. Their residence was listed as being 20 rooms, considerable mansion.

A 1913 directory gives “ Miss Power, The Crossways, Frant Road, Tunbridge Wells”.It is the opinion of the researcher that the Miss Power referred to was Susan Gilbert Power.  It is interesting to note that the probate record for Dr Thomas Clement Guthrie, the husband of her sister Norah Emily Gorman Guthrie, record him dying February 18,1928 at “The Crossways,Frant Road.

The Times of Wednesday July 26,1911 gave the following obituary . “ Sir William Tyrone Power died Monday night at July 24th, at Kilmore, Tunbridge Wells,age 92. Sir William Power, who came of a Monaham family, was the son of Mr Tyrone Power of that county by his wife Anne, daughter of Mr John Gilbert. He held the position of Commissary-General in Chief from 1863 to 1869 when he became Director of Supplies and Transport. He served in China in 1843 and 1857-8 and received the medal. He also received decorations for service in New Zealand (1846-7), the Kaffir War (1851-3), the Crimea (1854-6) and Canada (1861). In 1876 he was appointed Agent-General for New Zealand. He received the K.C.B. in 1865. Sir William Power married in 1869 Martha, daughter of Sir John Moorhead of Armaghmakerrig House, co. Monaghan.She died in 1890”.

Probate records give “Sir William Tyrone Power of Kilmoore, Tunbridge Wells KCB died July 23,1911.Probate to John Moorhead Power, esq, and Thomas Lawrence Kesteven,solicitor, 94,854 pounds”. Thomas Lawrence Kesteven has been mentioned by me before as the husband of Sir William’s daughter Annie Evangeline Power.

It is perhaps interesting to note a little history about #8 Broadwater down. The postcard of Broadwater down shown above is dated 1920 and would have been little changed from the time that the Power family lived there. #8 Broadwater down was occupied in 1881 by Harriet Andrews, a 58 year old widow who lived there with her children and seven servants. When exactly the Power family left #8 is unknown to the researcher but certainly not long after Sir William died in 1911 and as noted above his daughter Susan Gilbert Power was living at The Crossways in 1913. One would speculated that #8 was sold in 1912. In any event Ellis Carr(1852-1930) moved into #8 when he retired as a partner in the well-known Peek Frean Company in 1918 and remained there until his death .After his death his sister continued to live there and was still there in 1938. Ellis Carr was never married and when he died he left an estate valued at over one million pounds. During the time he lived at #8 it was referred to as “Yewburrow”. For those interested in the Carr family you should note that I wrote an article about them entitled “ Ellis Carr The Millionaire Bisquit Maker” which was written July 29,2012 and posted to my website a few months ago.

The known children of Sir William  and his wife Martha are as follows and details about each of them are given in a separate section.

1)      Norah Emily Gorman Power (1867-1956). She married Dr Thomas Clement Guthrie(1867-1928) in 1899 and with him had two children namely Sir William Tyrone Guthrie (1900-1971) and Susan Margaret Guthrie (1905-1996) who married Hubert Butler(1900-1991).Some accounts refer to her as “Kitten”. Norah died in Ireland in 1956.

2)      John Moorhead Power (1862-1938). He became a mining engineer and died in Spain in 1937. Some mistakingly claim that he died 1916 in WW I. He married Susan Owens in 1887.

3)      William Tyrone Power (1865-1921).Some mistakingly claim he died  1900 in the Boer War.He had graduated from Cambridge University .Details about his career are not defined. He actually died in British Columbia,Canada in 1921,and was buried there.

4)      Susan Gilbert Power (1860-1948), who while a resident of Tunbridge Wells, took an active role in the Women’s Suffrage movement and was one of the first two women to be elected to local council in 1919.She never got married and died 1948 in Tunbridge Wells.

5)      Annie Evangeline Power.Born 1871 London.She married Thomas Lawrence Kesteven (1863-1939).Annie died at Sevenoaks,Kent in  1944

THE MOORHEAD  AND POWER FAMILY ARCHIVE

The connection of the Moorhead family to the Power family is by way of the marriage between Sir William James Murray Tyrone Power to Martha Moorhead on October 20,1859 and from that marriage came by way of Martha the grand estate in Ireland called “Annaghmakerrig”. Details of this estate are found in the November 2007 document entitled “ Annaghmakerrig papers” by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland.

Details of this archive are given below as published in the above document. “The Annaghmakerrig papers contain c.40 volumes and c.1,000 documents,comprising papers of the Moorhead and Power families of Annaghmakerrig, Co.Monaghan, mainly 1804-1930s.The last and most famous private owner of the house was the distinguished 'man of the theatre', Sir Tyrone Guthrie, whose mother was the heiress of the Powers. Annaghmakerrig is now administered by the Tyrone Guthrie Centre, a company formed in July 1979 to carryinto effect the provisions of Sir Tyrone Guthrie's will. These were, as regards the house, that it should be run as a centre or retreat for artists.Among the trustees are the Directors of the Arts Councils (North and South), and Mr Kenneth Jamison, then Director of the Arts Council in the North,approached PRONI with a view to obtaining help with the unsorted and verymiscellaneous papers to be found in various parts of the house. FAMILY HISTORY. The Annaghmakerrig property, which had a rental of only some 500 in the late 19th century, was bought in 1802 by Dr John Moorhead a local G.R, of 'strong farming' background. It appears to have passed to his son James Moorhead, and subsequently to John Moorhead, a son of either James Moorhead or Professor John Moorhead. Professor Moorhead seems to have practised medicine in America, where he also acquired property, in Cincinnati. He held a professorship in the Medical College of Ohio.The John Moorhead who succeeded to Annaghmakerrig, was a J.P. for Co.Monaghan, and had at least two daughters, one of whom, Martha, his eventual heiress, married in 1859 William Power, son of Tyrone Power, the well- known Irish actor. This Tyrone Power was a very popular comic actor in Ireland, Britain and America. Unfortunately he perished in the wreck of the U. S. S. President, c.1840. Diaries, assiduously kept by the actor, were either lost with him on the ship or elsewhere. Either way, their absence from PRONI or Annaghmakerrig  leaves a gap that is irreplaceable both for family and theatre history. But at least Tyrone Power did leave behind him a theatrical tradition which re-emerged after two generations.GENERAL SIR WILLIAM POWER(1819-1916).For the moment, a military tradition seemed to be establishing itself.William Power entered the army and served in China in 1843 and again in1857-1858, in the Crimean War in 1856, etc, etc. He rose to be Commissary General in Chief (1864-1870) and Director of Supplies and Transport(1870-1871). He was knighted in 1865, and was appointed Agent-General for New Zealand in 1876. In right of his wife's Co. Monaghan property, he was a J.P. and D.L. for that county. But he seems not to have lived much at Annaghmakerrig. After her death in 1890, he took up residence at Tunbridge Wells, Kent, in a house called Kilmore. In his absence, his estate affairs were looked after by his solicitor and relation, James Whiteside Dane of Killyhevlin, Enniskillen,Co. Fermanagh.Sir William and Lady Power had a number of children: John Moorhead Power,the eldest, who was killed in the Great War in 1916[This claim is incorrect]; Tyrone Power, who was killed in the Boer War in 1900[This is actually William Tyrone Power who died in British Columbia,Canada in 1921] (Sir Tyrone Guthrie was obviously called after him)[Also incorrect]; Susan Power[Susan Gilbert Power], a femme formidable and suffragette, who remained unmarried and kept house for her father inTunbridge Wells; 'Kitten'[ No record of this child and it is likely this nickname related to Norah Power] and Annie Power[Annie Evangeline Power]; and Nora Power[Norah Emily Gorman Power], the mother of Sir Tyrone Guthrie[His name is actually Sir William Tyrone Guthrie], Through his mother, Guthrie [Sir William Tyrone Guthrie]inherited the Annaghmakerrig property, or what Land Purchase had left of it. Under the provisions of his will, it has become a residential centre for artists from all parts of the world.THE ARCHIVE.The papers fall into three main groups: papers relating to members of theMoorhead family, papers relating to the Power family, and in particular Sir William Power, and papers relating to estate matters, mainly to Annaghmakerrig.The Moorhead family archive includes: papers, 1804-1859, relating to the medical career of Professor John Moorhead; letters of a mainly personal nature, 1817-1841, to Mrs Susan Humphries, who married either Professor Moorhead or his son John; and letters from Sir William Power to his future wife Martha Moorhead and her mother, c.1850-1872.The papers pertaining to the Power family relate largely to the career of Sir William during the Crimean War and throughout the Empire, 1819-c.1916.They include: his official papers of appointment, etc., 1858-1865, papers relating to his distinguished military career spent mainly in the Commissariat Department as Commissary-General-in-Chief, 1864-1870; official correspondence and papers relating to his military career in Hong Kong, New Zealand, the Cape of Good Hope, British South Africa, and various parts of the Turkish empire where he was engaged in the establishment of military supply depots during the Crimean War, and to general Commissariat and military affairs,1841-1876; and letters from Sir William to a War Office official, most of them dating from his period as Commissary General which refer to his military career and relate to the Crimea, Hong Kong and Canada, and to general Commissariat and military affairs, 1854-1871.

Mainly non-military papers of Sir William Power.Political papers and correspondence relate in the main to Sir William's proposed Liberal candidature (which was eventually abandoned) for the Co. Monaghan election of 1880, and to his appointment as a Deputy Lieutenant for the county in 1881. These papers contain references to contemporary issues,particularly Tenant Right and Home Rule, and include correspondence with the1st Earl of Dartrey and Dr James Donnelly, Roman Catholic Bishop of Clogher, 1865-1881.There are diaries and journals, 1836-1850,1864-1871 and 1886-1895, of Sir William, of which the first group relates to journeys made by him, either for pleasure or on official military business, to the West Indies, the United States, Gibraltar, Spain and the Indies. One diary includes an account of the condition of Co. Monaghan  at the end of the Famine in 1849.The second group relates to his personal and official life in a period during most of which he was Commissary-General, and the third group relates to life during his retirement and includes references to the business ventures in which he was involved. There is a notebook, c. 1 840-1875, kept by Sir William, containing details of the structure of the Commissariat and other supply departments in the armed forces, with press-cuttings, a draft or copy letter on Canadian constitutional development, c.1865, and an examination by Sir William of the Irish Land Question, 1874. There are also papers of Sir William Power's son, John Power, a mining engineer, relating to his involvement in a silver mining scheme near Cordoba, Spain, 1901.

Annaghmakerrig maps, plans and surveys.Maps, plans and surveys include: a volume of maps of the Leysborough later called Annaghmakerrig estate, surveyed by James Reilly, together with a survey of the Leysborough demesne part of the estate of James Moorhead, by John Dolan 1821. There are written surveys of various parts of the Leysborough estate by John Dolan and by John Wright, including parts of Aghalough, 1821 and 1823, part of Mullaghmore 1825, and of part of Faltagh 1821 and 1828. Architect's tracings of c.1900 relate to the house atAnnaghmakerrig and out-offices at Mullaghmore.

Other estate and business papers.Other more general estate and business papers include: wills and settlements, concerning the Power family, particularly Lady Power and her children, and the Annaghmakerrig estate, 1859-1873; account books,1875-1896; letters from Sir William Power, mainly at Tunbridge Wells, (where he lived after his wife's death) to his solicitor and agent, James Whiteside Dane, about Annaghmakerrig estate affairs, 1878-1913; letters to Dane from other members of the Power/Guthrie family, from the bailiff or steward at Annaghmakerrig and from various solicitors, tenants, etc., about Annaghmakerrig estate affairs,1892-1916; agreements, accounts, etc., mostly relating to land purchase on the Annaghmakerrig estate, 1895-1922; and letters to M. Corrigan, the steward or bailiff at Annaghmakerrig, about estate affairs in the 1930s.

The non-Monaghan estate and business papers of the Power family include: papers relating to their London houses, 1839-1841 and 1881-1891; and papers relating to the winding-up of the United States estate of the late John Moorehead, father-in-law of Sir William Power, c. 1871-1891. There are also miscellaneous papers which include an agreement between William Smith and his wife, Mary, of the island of Nevis, and the Hon. William Leslie Hamilton, of the island of St. Christopher, relating to the purchase of tenements in London, 1779; the will of Mary Smith of St. Christopher, 1785; and a diary of Andre Allen Murray,apparently a member of the minor gentry, which describes his social activities and his participation in various blood-sports in Cos. Monaghan,Down, Tyrone and Fermanagh, 1836-1840.

Material at Annaghmakerrig.The following is a list made by PRONI of archive material still at Annaghmakerrig, beginning with family and personal correspondence of Sir William and Lady Power and other members of their family. This includes:letters to Lady Power from Sir William while he was on a trip to the United States in 1872; undated and fairly indecipherable letters from Lady Power to Sir William; letters to Lady Power, with a couple to Sir William, from Susan Moorhead; journal of Elizabeth Foster and letters to her from Lady Power; letters to Dr N. Foster of Cincinnati from Sir William Power; a few personal letters to Lady Power from friends and acquaintances, including two from the redoubtable Augusta  Dawson, Countess of Dartrey, of Dartrey, Rockcorry, Co. Monaghan; letters from John Moorhead Power ('Jack') to his parents, from school at Hillside,Godalming, and subsequently at Wellington College, and later about his marriage into what appears to have been the English landed gentry, and about professional or business pursuits in London and New York; letters fromTyrone Power ('Ty', 'Tie', et al.) to his parents from the same schools, almost all of them juvenile; letters from Susan, 'Kitten', Annie and Nora Power to their parents; letters from Sir William Power to his daughter, Susan ('Suzie'), with a few letters from Lady Power to Susan - a fat bundle; letters from brothers and sisters, and others, to Susan Power, and miscellaneous jottings by her; letters of condolence to Sir William Power on Lady Power's death, 1890; and diaries of Lady Power.

Estate and business papers at Annaghmakerrig include: the marriage settlement of [Sir William Power's sister?]; a further run of letters from Sir William Power and other members of the Power family and some outsiders, to J. Whiteside Dane, mainly about Annaghmakerrig; and further miscellaneous Annaghmakerrig estate material consisted of some curiously sewn-up certificates entitling people to employment on road works during the Famine, and runs of agents' accounts and stock accounts for the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Mainly literary Power and Guthrie papers. Plays, stories, poems and ephemera of members of the Power family, including the manuscripts of a story and a play by Sir William Power; Guthrie family papers, consisting of 3 copies of privately printed correspondence of Rev. Dr Thomas Guthrie, a Scottish divine, and grandfather of Sir Tyrone Guthrie, and 1880s and 1890s letters to Dr Guthrie of a fairly 'court and personal' kind, including 2 or 3 from the Duchess of Argyll; folder of papers on the genealogy of the Moorhead, Power, Ouseley and other related families; family photographs, mostly of named Powers and Guthries, and 5 photograph albums of Annaghmakerrig; papers of Sir Tyrone and Lady Guthrie (most of these have been tied up or boxed by Guthrie's official biographer, James Forsyth); tall pile of tied-up scripts, texts of talks, etc, by Guthrie; smaller pile of scripts by other people, presumably submitted for his opinion.; and photographs of the Guthries or of theatrical performances and occasions with which they were connected.

The final item is 'Lady Guthrie's box', containing - according to Forsyth - material on early family history. The box also contains letters of condolence to her on her husband's death in 1971. On the top of it are placed the few letters from friends or relations to Sir Tyrone and Lady Guthrie which appear to be present in the house. These include two typescript letters of the 1930s or 1940s which mention the Butler family of Maidenhall, Bennetsbridge, Co. Kilkenny, and may have been written by a member of that family. Sir Tyrone Guthrie's sister married Mr Hubert Butler of Maidenhall.”

Martha Moorhead who married Sir William James Murray Power was the daughter of Dr John Moorhead (1786-1873) and Susan Allibone [Humphreys]. Dr John Moorhead had a sister Elizabeth Moorhead who married Benjamin Friel Foster (1788-1824). Elizabeth died in 1871. Elizabeth and Dr John Moorhead were the children of Dr James Moorhead of Newbliss (1761-1836) and Martha Taylor (1759-1822).

THE GUTHRIE AND POWER FAMILY ESTATE OF ANNAGHMAKERRIG            

The following account was written by Susan Margaret Butler(1905-1996),and appeared in the Irish Arts Review in 1987. Susan Margaret Butler was the wife of Hubert Butler(1900-1991) and she was the daughter of Dr Thomas Clement Guthrie (1867-1928) who had married Norah Emily Gorman Power (1867-1956) in 1899. Norah was the eldest daughter of Sir William James Henry Tyrone Power (1819-1911) of Tunbridge Wells. Her account, although duplicating some of the information given by me so far offers much new information about the estate and the occupancy of it by the Guthrie and Power family. Shown here are two views of Ammaghmakerrig House.

As I have noted above”Annaghmakerrig” came into the Power family by way of the marriage of Martha Moorhead to Sir William James Henry Power in 1859.Susan Margaret Butler offers a first- hand account of the familys life.

Shown opposite is a recent colour image of Annaghmakerrig. The text associated with this image stated “The Tyrone Guthrie Centre, a haven for actors and artists, in the back and beyond.This photo was taken by Dr Charles Nelson in 1986.The last member of the Power family to own this estate was Sir William Tyrone Guthrie (1900-1971) one of the most eminent theatre directors of the 20th century and was left by him to the State on the condition that it was used as a retreat for artists.

THE MOORHEAD FAMILY

I have already presented considerable information about the Moorhead family, particularly as presented in the section devoted to the Annaghmakerrig Papers held by the Public Record Office. Some clarification is necessary regarding the names used however and how one relates to the other. The “Summary” section of the archive states that “The last and most famous owner of the house was the distinguished man of the theatre, Sir Tyrone Guthrie, whos mother was the heiress of the Powers. The mother referred to was Martha Power,nee Moorhead(1794-1876). The actor Sir Tyrone Guthrie referred to was Sir William Tyrone Guthrie(1900-1971) the son of Norah Emily Gorman Guthrie and her husband Dr Thomas Clement Guthrie(1867-1929). Upon the marriage of Martha Moorhead to Sir William James Murray Tyrone Power (1819-1911) in 1859 the estate  remained in the hands of Marthas husband but decended from him to Sir William Tyrone Guthrie. Nora Guthries daughter Susan Margaret Butler,nee Guthrie(1905-1996) refers to the ownership and occupancy of the estate in her account, which I have given above.

I now turn to describing the ancestors of Martha Moorhead. The section “Family History” of the archive states that in 1802 Annaghmakerrig  “was bought by Dr John Moorhead, a local G.R., of strong farming background . The archive continues with further details and then states that ‘John Moorhead who succeeded to Annaghmakerrig, was a J.P. for co Monaghan, and had at least two daughters, one of whom, Martha, his eventual heiress married in 1859 William Power, son of Tyrone Power, the well-known  Irish actor. Although this statement does not give the complete names of the individuals mentioned ,who they are should be clear based on the information I have already given.

The following headstone inscription establishes the central family line  “in memory of John Moorhead M.D. born 1785 died 1873 and of his wife Susan Allibone Moorhead born 1791 Philadelphia USA died November 6,1862 .And of their only child Martha,wife of Sir William Tyrone Power, born 1831 died 1890 and of …..{remainder is illegible]. The headstone inscription states that Martha was the couples only child and yet the Irish Archive record I have given says that Martha’s parents had “at least two daughters”. I would be inclined to rely on the headstone inscription more than the other reference. This headstone is located at Aghabag Church of Ireland, Newbliss, County Monaghan,Ireland.

Susan Allibone[Humphreys](1791-1862) was actually born as Susan Allibone but had first married John Humphreys born 1771 who died about 1813. Susan and John Humphreys had been married January 17,1811 in Philadelphia, USA and after his death Susan married Dr John Moorhead in about 1813.

The following letter pertaining to the marriage of Susan Allibone to John Humphreys is dated Philadelphia January 18,1811 and was written by Caleb North to his brother George North. Caleb North was the son of Roger North and Ann Rambo.Caleb was a captain of the 4th Pennsylvania Battalion, 5th January 1776, Major 10th Pennsylvania, 12th March 1777; Lieut. Colonel 11th Pennsylvania October 22,1777; transferred the 9th Pennsylvania July 1,1778; transferred to 2nd Pennsylvania January 17,1781;retired January 1,1783 and died November 7,1840. The letter reads as follows

“Dear Brother,Last evening I was present at the uniting of our mutual friend and relative, Mr. John Humphreys, and Miss Susan Allibone in the bonds of matrimony. She is the daughter of my particular friend, Thos. Allibone, deceased. I recommend her to your notice as a young lady of good sense, handsome accomplishments, candid and amiable disposition, and will shortly possess not less than ten thousand dollars in property. My prayer is that they may be successful and happy. I have yielded to their entreaties by letting my daughter Ann accompany them to your village, and staying with them (and relatives) until spring. As she goes off in a hurry, she will want several articles of clothing, and I would thank you to pay into the hands of Mr. J.H. the amount of the Moiety that I paid for you to Johnson, the bookseller, say $17.34 principal,--part I have directed him to apply to the use above and the remainder to forward to me. His receipt shall be a discharge in full.On the 14th instant, Mrs. North was safely delivered of a son; both Mother and child promise to do well. I now have four sons and four daughters living. You will readily agree with me that the old war-worn soldier will be kept busy to provide for them for as long as he is able to make account, as on business I principally depend. Last winter I had the pleasure of the company of Mr. and Mrs. Mark. I am much pleased with them both, and from what I have since learned they will not lament the journey to Philadelphia, as I understand the child is quite well.Your old friends in our city are in good health; but we have lost, about six years ago, Joseph North Jr.; in September, Uncle Joseph; this winter, Mrs. North, the widow of Jos. N., Jr., leaving eight children, all females, and I fear but a slender support, but it is a consolation that cousin Jane and Lydia can and will help them out.Wishing you and your family a full share of the comforts of life and a blissful eternity, I subscribe myself your affectionate brother.Caleb North”

Dr John Moorhead (1785-1873) was the son of Dr James Moorhead of Newbliss (1761-1836) and Martha Taylor (1759-1822) and he had a sister Elizabeth Moorhead who died in 1871. It is believed by the researcher that Dr James Moorhead was the son of Dr John Moorhead who acquired  Ammaghmakerrig in 1802. It is also believed by the researcher that Elizabeth Moorhead married Benjamin Friel Foster, the brother of Col James Foster. The 1861 census taken at Paddington London records John Moorhead,age 76, born 1789 Ireland and his wife Susan, age 66,born 1795 USA living as father in law and mother in law with Sir William James Murray Tyrone Power and his daughter Susan Gilbert Power.

The family tree of Susan Allibone (1791-1862) indicates that she was one of eight children born to Thomas Allibone of Philadelphia, who is found in that town in an 1814 directory, and Sarah Smith (1784-1839) the daughter of John Smith (1777-1821) and Sarah Smith (1755-1829).The siblings of Susan Allibone were Francesca B. Allibone, Mary S. Allibone,Sarah S. Allibone,Samuel Austin Allibone(1816-1889), Thomas Allibone(1809-1876), Esther Allibone and Emily Allibone.

The Felston Club History Quarterly of January 1933 gives an article about Dr Daniel Drake(1785-1852) in which is stated “ One of Drakes enemies was  (the most formidable) fighting Irishman, Dr John Moorhead (1784-1873) who had gone west at the instance of Dr McDowell and instantly took a strong dislike to Drake, which was reciprocated. Moorhead spent his summers in Ireland and his winters in Cincinnati,a successful practitioner of medicine, a clever writer, sarcastic, polite,but poisonous in his attacks. His controversies with Drake would fill volumes. He had a way, when entering a sick-room, of asking who was responsible for the bill, and he consistently refused to prescribe for anyone unless the patient possessed a flannel shirt. He and Drake came to physical blows on one occasion, and their hatchets were never buried. Moorhead finally retired to Ireland in 1849 and died there as Sir John Moorhead in 1873.”

The Pennsylvania Law Sessions of February 13,1816 give further information that relates to the family tree information I gave above as it pertains to the Allibone family. “ An Act to enable the representatives of Thomas Allibone, late of the city of Philadelphia, deceased to donvey and assure a lot of ground in the Northern liberties of the city of Philadelphia. Whereas; Thomas Allibone had before his death contracted with John R. Coates, attorney in fact of John Penn, esq, of Great Britain for the purchase in fee simple of the following ground …” Allibone had died without written evidence about the sale of the land and the court was left to decide what was to be done. The article continues “ In August 1,1809 George W. Jones,William Allibone,junior, and Thomas Allibone to who administration of the effects of the deceased had been granted payed to John R. Coates the money agreed upon for the land. The land however had been seized by the court and sold at auction and purchased by John Large of the city of Philadelphia. It was decided that William Lawber and Francenia his wife, George W. Jones and Esther his wife, Thomas Allibone and wife Mary E.B, William Allibone, junior, and Sarah his wife, John Humphreys and Susan his wife, and Caleb North, guardian of the said Sarah Allibone, Eliza Allibone,Mary Allibone, and Rebecca Allibone, are allowed to convey the property to John Large”.

The following account from Wikipedia offers information about Samuel Austin Allibone (1816-1889)(photo opposite) and his brother Thomas Allibone(1809-1876). “Samuel Austin Allibone (April 17, 1816 – September 2, 1889) was an American author and bibliographer.He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, of French Huguenot and Quaker ancestry. He was privately educated and for many years was engaged in mercantile business in his native city. He, however, devoted himself chiefly to reading and to bibliographical research; acquired a very unusual knowledge of English and American literature, and is remembered as the compiler of the well-known Critical Dictionary of English Literature and British and American Authors (3 vols. in royal octavo: vol. i. 1854, vols. ii. and iii. 1871). The Critical Dictionary was projected by George W. Childs, owner of the Philaldephia Public Ledger, and cost over $60,000. It comprised an alphabetical author index of over 46,000 authors; the third volume included 40 subject-classified lists of authors. Two supplementary volumes, edited by John Foster Kirk, were added in 1891.

Allibone was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church.He was criticized by the Catholic World in 1872 for his alleged unfairness to Catholics, especially in relation to literature about Mary, Queen of Scots.

From 1867 to 1873, and again in 1877–1879, Allibone was book editor and corresponding secretary of the American Sunday School Union; and from 1879 to 1888 he was librarian of the Lenox Library in New York City. He died at Lucerne, Switzerland, in 1889. In addition to his Critical Dictionary he published three large anthologies and several religious tracts. He contributed to the North American Review, the Evangelical Review and other periodicals.

The indexes to Edward Everett's Orations and Speeches (1850–1859), and Washington Irving's Life and Letters (1861–1864), were from his hand. He was book editor and corresponding secretary of the American Sunday School Union from 1867 until 1873, and from 1877 until 1879, when he became librarian of the Lenox Library, resigning in 1888.

Samuel Allibone's brother was Thomas Allibone (1809–1876), senior member of the family's shipping concern, Thomas Allibone & Co. Thomas Allibone was president of the large Bank of Pennsylvania at the time of its collapse in September 1857. His works include the following; (1)A Review by a Layman of a Work entitled 'New Themes for the Protestant Clergy', 1852 (2)'New Themes' Condemned, 1853 (3)Explanatory Questions on the Gospels and the Acts, 1869 (4)A Critical Dictionary of English Literature and British and American Authors, 3 vols (1858, 1871) (5)Alphabetical Index to the New Testament, 1869.(6)Union Bible Companion, 1871 (with first part published separately as The Divine Origin of the Holy Scriptures) (7)Poetical Quotations from Chaucer to Tennyson, 1873. This work contains 13,600 passages taken from 550 authors, classified under 435 subjects. (8)Prose Quotations from Socrates to Macaulay, 1875. This work contains 8,810 quotations, containing the names of 544 authors and 571 subjects (9)Great Authors of All Ages, 1879

THE CHILDREN OF SIR WILLIAM JAMES MURRAY TYRONE POWER(1819-1911) AND DECENDENTS

I have already given previously a list of his children and details from census records and other sources giving information covering the period, to some degree, up to 1911. In this section I provide details about each of the children .

1)      NORAH EMILY GORMAN POWER (1867-1956)

Norah was the eldest daughter of the family and was born 1867. She was baptised June 11,1867 at Paddington St Stephen,London. In her early years she of course lived with her parents in Paddington,London but in 1890 her mother Martha passed away and this branch of the family took up residence in Tunbridge Wells. The 1891 Scotland census, taken at Urguhart,Inverness records as head of the household Kate Torey Lewis,age 28, and living with her was Norah E.G. Power, age 23 and Norah’s sister Annie Evangeline Power,age 20, both of whom were living on private means.Norah was well off financially and never needed to work for a living.

In the 3rd qtr 1899 Norah she married Dr Thomas Clement Guthrie (1867-1928)at Ticehurst,Sussex  and with him had two children (1) Sir William Tyrone Guthrie (1900-1971) and (2) Susan Guthrie (1905-1996). Both of the children later married. Details of this branch of the family are given in a separate section entitled “The Guthrie Family”. Norah passed away in Ireland 1958.

2)      JOHN MOORHEAD POWER (1862-1937)

John was born 1862 and was the eldest son born to the family.He took his second name Moorhead from his mother’s maiden name . John received an University education ; obtained his BA degree in engineering and became a mining engineer. The following record comes from the Cambridge University Almni  “Name:John Moorhead. Power College:TRINITY Entered:Michs. 1881 Died:21 Sep 1937 More Information:Adm. pens. at TRINITY, June 13, 1881. [Eldest] s. of [Sir] William [James] Tyrone [K.C.B.], of 25, Holland Park, London (and Martha, dau. of Dr John Moorhead, J.P., D.L., of Annaghmakerrig, Co. Monaghan). B. [Aug. 16], 1862, at Kingstown, Co. Dublin. School, Wellington College. Matric. Michs. 1881; B.A. 1884. Of Annaghmakerrig, near Newbliss, Co. Monaghan, Ireland. Married, 1887, Susan Owen, dau. of Henry Dennis, of New Hall, Denbighs. Died Sept. 21, 1937, at Palma de Mallorca. Brother of William T. (1882). (Wellington Coll. Reg.; Burke, L.G. of Ireland; The Times, Sept. 24, 1937.)

A publication by The Institute of Civil Engineers records that at their meeting of March 1,1887 “ John Moorhead Power was one of 25 men who were made ‘Associate Members’ of the institute.

It is known that John formed a partnership with Percival Fowler  and the two of them carried on a mining consulting and general engineers business in London. The Engineering and Mining Journal of March 30,1889 reported one of their projects in which is stated “ Minessota USA-Iron and Land Company of Minnesota Limited. This company has been organized in London with capital of $1,000,000, divided into 10,000 preferred and 90,000 ordinary shares. The consulting engineers are Messrs Percival Fowler and Power of London”. The article continues by stating that Percival and Power examined certain land in the USA which the company intended to purchase and that from their evaluation of the ore deposit the partners concluded that the mining works would be a success. Based on their report the company proceeded with the mine.

John Moorhead Power is found listed on several occasions in passenger lists noting the fact that he travelled on business extensively including such places as Gibraltar and Jamaica and the United States.

John was married July 12,1887 at Ruabon. The record gives “ John Moorhead Power, mining engineer, bachelor, age 25, of St Georges Hanover Square, London ,son of Sir William Tyrone Power KLB to Susan Dewen Bennis, spinster, age 24 a daughter of Henry Dennis, civil engineer.

The London Gazette of July 31,1891 recorded “that the partnership between Percival Fowler and John Moorhead Power, carrying on business as mining, consulting and general engineers, at 16 St Helen-place, Bishopsgate –street,London, under the style of Percival Fowler and Power, has been dissolved by mutual consent as of July 30,1891. After the dissolution of the partnership John Power continued as a mining engineer on his own behalf.

The records of the National Archives record that John was working 1901 as a mining engineer in Cordoba Spain where he was involved in a silver mining scheme.

The London Gazette of January 7,1938 recorded “ John Moorhead Power, deceased, late of Huerta de Misueno,Bonenova, Palma de Mallorca,Spain, a retired mining engineer, died September 21,1937. Probate to Frederick Herbert Ramsden and John Gray, the executors. No value was given of his estate.

Some accounts about the history of this gentlemen mistakingly state that he died 1916 in WWI.Although there are a number of J. Power’s listed as casualties in 1916 John Moorhead was not connected to any of them and when war broke out in 1914 John was too old to serve for in that year he was age 52.

3)      WILLIAM TYRONE POWER         

This gentleman remains somewhat of a mystery for  details about his life are difficult to find. It is known from census records that he was born 1864 in Middlesex and was baptised May 22,1864 at Paddington St Stephen.Some accounts mistakingly state that  he died 1901 in the Boer War (1899-1902).Interestingly  a movie entitled “Untaimed” starring Tyrone Power, Richard Egan and Susan Hayward by 20th Century Fox was released in the USA in 1955 in which Tyrone Power “refights the Boer War in this lumbering western set down in the Veldt, South Africa.

As I have previously mentioned William Tyrone Power is found in the 1881 census at Sandhurst,Berkshire where he is attending Wellington College, It is known form the Cambridge University alumni records ,which I gave earlier for his brother John Moorhead Power, that he also graduated from Cambridge University. The researcher was unable to establish his occupation or for that matter if he ever got married.

The 1911 census of Canada records William Tyrone Power ,born April 1864 England, emigrated to Canada 1905 and in 1911 was living in Vancouver, British Columbia. Seattle,Washington, Passenger and Crew lists records that William Tyrone Power ,born 1863 England departed from Victoria, British Columbia and arrived at Seattle,Washington September 1919. The purpose of this trip is unknown.The death index of British Columbia records that “William Tyrone Power ,born abt 1864, died at Vancouver,British Columbia July 31,1921.

His probate record gives “ William Tyrone Power of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, died July 31,1921.Probate to John Moorhead Power,esq, and Thomas Lawrence Kesteven,solicitor. He left an estate valued at 9,908 pounds considerably less than the usual amounts left by his siblings, suggesting that he was not particularly successful but none the less that amount of money in 1921 was still a considerable sum. The John Moorhead Power referred to was his brother and Thomas Lawrence Kesteven, apart from being his solicitor, was the husband of his sister Annie Evangeline Kesteven,nee Power.

Although details about his career are lacking and requires further research, William Tyrone Power left England in 1905 to take up residence on the west coast of Canada in the beautiful province of British Columbia. No mention of him having a wife is found in his probate record but this should not be taken as proof he was not married for it is common for women to be deleted as executors of estates.

Burial records show that William Tyrone Power was buried in the Mountain View Cemetery (photo above)in Vancouver British Columbia  on August 3,1921His grave reference is Jones/*/30/028/006. Mountain View cemetery is the only cemetery in Vancouver and has been operated by the City of Vancouver since 1886 and occupies some 106 acres.Today it has 92,000 grave sites and 145,000 interred remains.The Vancouver Sun published this announcement on August 3,1921 “ Power-At 790 Howe St. on 31st July.William Tyrone, younger son of General Sir William Tyrone Power KCB,aged 57 years.Funeral from Christ Church on Wednesday at 2:30 pm”.

Details about his burial were provided by the Mountain View Cemetery and in addition to what I hav e given the cemetery ledger records that he died of  “cerrois of the liver” indicating that he most likely was a heavy drinker of alcoholic beverages. The ledger  records that William Tyrone Power was buried in Lot 6 and that Freida Power (most likely his wife) was buried in Lot 7 and that lots 5 and remain vacant and can can be used by their decendents. The inscription on their two headstones can be easily read from the photo I have provided. The ledger for Freida Power gives that she died of “paralysis” age 37 in Vancouver February 20,1913 and that she was buried February 24,1913.

ANNIE EVANGELINE POWER

Annie Evangeline Power was born 1870 at Paddington, London and baptised November 30,1870 at Paddington Holy Trinity..She is first found in the 1871 census in London living with her parents and siblings. She never worked as a single woman as she had funds from the family.She is recorded in the 1891 Scotland census, taken at Urguhart,Inverness living with her sister Norah E.G. Power in the home of Kate Torey Lewis, age 28, and Annie is given as living on private means.

Annie married Thomas Lawrence Kesteven (1863-1939),a solicitor, in the 4th qtr 1899 at Ticehurst,Sussex.The 1901 census, taken at 8 Broadwater Down in Tunbridge Wells records William T. Power (Sir William) ,age 81,living on own means. Living with him was his daughter Susan Gilbert Power, age 40, single and the following members of the Kesteven family (1) Thomas Lawrence Kesteven,age 38, born 1863 Staffordshire, a solicitor (2) Annie Kesteven, 30, born 1871 London(his wife) (3) Mary Kestevan,age 3, granddaughter of Sir William, born 1898 London (4) Norah Kesteven,age 1, granddaughter of Sir William, born 1900 London. Also in the home were one visitor and six servants.

The 1911 census, taken at 88 Elm Park Gardens,Chelsea,London records Thomas Lawrence Esteven, solicitor; his wife Annie;five servants and their two daughters Mary Mattie,age 13 and Norah,age 11. The census records that the couple had been married 14 years and that they had only two children and that they were living in a home with 17 rooms. Birth records show that their daughter Mary Mattie Esteven had been born 4th quarter 1897 at Chelsea,London. Her sister Norah had been born at Chelsea and was baptised July 8,1899 at Chelsea.

Thomas Lawrence Kesteven  had been born March 1863 at Handsworth,Staffordshire and was one of ten children born to Thomas Thorneycroft Kesteven (1811-1880) and Mary Lawrence (1820-1914). Thomas had lived in 1871 at Birmingham,Warwickshie; in 1881 at Pinner,Middlesex.After the marriage he is recorded with his family living in 1918 at Hampstead and Holburn and was still there in 1919.

Probate records show that Thomas Lawrence Kesteven  of Herneood,Sevenoaks,Kent died October 5,1939. Probate was to Edward William Wykes and Arthur Francis King-Stevens,solicitors and Frances John Morse,director.He left an estate valued at  123,776 pounds. Probate records for his wife Annie give  “Anne Evangeline Kesteven, otherwise Anne of Hernewood,Sevenoaks,Kent, widow, died August 24,1944 at Ormiston Nursing Home Oak-lane Sevenoaks.Probate to Norah Kesteven,spinster, and Arthur Francis King-Stevens,solicitor”.She left an estate valued at 19,986 pounds. The Norah Kesteven referred to was her daughter.

Their daughter Mary was wed at Sevenoakes in 1928 to Mr Dewhurst.Their daughter Norah never married and she died December 1973 at Tunbridge Wells. Her death record gives that she had been born May 12,1899. A review of passenger lists shows that she travelled to France and other countries on a regular basis and lived all her life on private means.

4)      SUSAN GILBERT POWER (1860-1948)            

The following article, that can be found on the website www.womenshistorykent.org , captures the essence of Susan’s life.  “Susan Gilbert Power was born in 1860 in Monaghan, Ireland. She was the daughter of William Power, who was  Commissary General in Chief of British army in India and was later knighted. Following the  death  of his wife in 1890, Power took up residence at Tunbridge Wells, Kent, in a house called Kilmore where Susan,  who remained unmarried,  kept house for him. She was a Poor Law Guardian for Ticehurst,  an active suffragist and member of Tunbridge Wells Belgian Refugees Committee. In 1919, along with Amelia Scott, Power was elected as a member of the Town Council where she was the member for the West Ward.   Power was active in in pressing for the appointment of women police officers. Together with Emily Jones, Power was an officer of the Tunbridge Wells branch of the Save the Children Fund and raised funds locally to feed children afflicted by the Russian famine of 1921. Power and Jones were vociferous in disputing the allegation that to donate money to starving children in Russia was to support Bolshevism. Susan Power died in October 1948 in Tunbridge Wells.”

The above website contains further information about other inspiring women of Tunbridge Wells, the Tunbridge Wells Suffrage Movement, and the Belgium Refugees, which Susan Power was connected with.  On June 19,1917 the House of Commons accepted the Women’s Suffrage Clause of the Representation of the People Bill and the following year eight and a half million women were enfranchised for the first time. One active Tunbridge Wells woman, who Susan was connected with in the Suffrage movement ,was Amelia Scott, of whom I have written a separate article about. With the ability to vote in place both Amelia Scott and Susan Power ran for election in local politics and both of them were successful and both became the first two women  to be elected in 1919 as Town Councillors. Amelia had run for the South Ward and Susan for the West Ward. When the votes were cast and counted it was Amelia,with 647 votes, who officially became the first elected. Susan Power had received 935 votes and became the second to be elected. Amelia Scott and Susan Power used their seats on the council to continue to advocate for services for women,children and the elderly, and women’s voluntary organizations.They had both achieved a lot from voluntary positions, but promised to do more when elected to public office.

A review of local directories for 1922 and 1930 gives listings for  “Miss Susan Gilbert Power” as  a Town Councillor for the West Ward. Ian Beavis of the Tunbridge Wells Museum stated  “ Susan was last elected (for a three year term) in 1928. I can’t prove that she served right through but we know she did not stand for re-election in 1931.

The recently  passed Maternity and Child Welfare Act of 1918 had placed the responsibility for the welfare of mothers and children with local councils and thus the Tunbridge Wells Council set up a Maternity and Child Welfare Committee. By the end of 1919 Amelia Scott and Susan Power, the two new women councillors, were amongst the committee’s members.Their involvement led to the establishment of the Tunbridge Wells and District Maternity Home on Upper Grosvenor Road in August 1924.

Selina Jane Cooper, nee Coombe (1865-1946) was among many things a suffragist. An extensive collection of her papers are held by the National Archives in which can be found two letters written by Susan Power to Selina Cooper in support of the cause. One of these letters dated October 18,1906 urges Mrs Cooper “not to let class hatred and bitterness come into her heart”. The second letter dated November 30,1906 is from Susan Power to Selina Cooper replying to an invitation to attend a conference in Manchester and discusses the womens movement.

In 2013 the Tunbridge Wells Museum and Art gallery held a special exhibition entitled “Inspirng Woman” which paid tribute to many women including Susan Power.

I have given  previously many ancestry records about Susan and so will not repeat them here. She began her life being born in Monaghan,Ireland and spent her early years living with her parents in Paddington London [1861 and 1871]. When her father moved to Tunbridge Wells Susan came with him and took up residence with her father and several servants at 8 Broadwater Down. She is found there in the 1901 and 1911 census. After the death of her father she moved to a new residence at The Crossways, on Frant Road. The probate record for her brother in law Thomas Clement Guthrie of 1928 also refers to him being “of The Crossways, Frant Road” at the time of his death. A review of passenger records show that she was a frequent traveller to such places as Canada and the USA. She died October 2,1948 in Tunbridge Wells. Probate records give “ Susan Gilbert Power of The Crossways,Frant Road,Tunbridge Wells, spinster, died October 2,1948.Probate to Norah Kesteven,spinster, and Edward William Wykes,solicitor”. She left an estate valued at 22,844 pounds. The Norah Kesteven referred to was the daughter of Susan’s sister Annie Evangeline Kesteven.

THE GUTHRIE FAMILY

The connection of the Power family to that of the Guthrie family is by the marriage of Norah Emily Gorman Power (1867-1956) to Dr. Thomas Clement Power (1867-1928) in 1899.This section of the article gives details about Dr Thomas Clement Guthrie and his ancestors.  The section which follows gives details about each of their two children.

Dr Thomas Clement Guthrie was the grandson of the celebrated Scottish theologian. He and his wife lived at Annaghmakerrig House near Newbliss in co. Monaghan but they also lived elsewhere.I have given in an earlier section of this article an account about the lives of the family at Annaghmakerrig, written by Susan Margaret Butler, the daughter of Dr Thomas Clement Guthrie and Norah which should be consulted.Thomas Clement Guthrie had been born December 11,1867 at Liberton,Midlothan,Scotland and was the son of David Kelly Guthrie and Hannah Guthrie, nee Kirk.

The Guthrie clan of interest for the purpose of this article is centered around Reverend Thomas Guthrie FRS (1803-1873) and his wife Ann Burns (1810-1899). Reverend Thomas Guthrie was born July 12,1803 at Brechin Angus,Scotland and died February 24,1873.His mother Anne Burns had been born November 25,1810 and died March 2,1899.Ann Burns was the daughter of Rev. James Burns (1774-1837) and Christina Chalmers (1771-18370 who had been married December 1,1802.Rev. Thomas Guthrie (1803-1873) was the 12th child and 6th son of David and Clementina Guthrie. His father David was a banker and one of the leading merchants in Brechin and for a number of years was chief magistrate but also was a grocer.The autobiography of Rev. Thomas Guthrie was produced by his sons Rev. David Kelly Guthrie and Lord Charles J. Guthrie M.A. .Rev Thomas Guthire had lived in Arbirlut for seven years but in 1873 he moved to Edinburgh with his family.

This couple,which was married October 6,1830 had the following children;

1)      Reverence David Kelly Guthrie, born August 9,1831 and died September 6,1896.He married Hannah Kirk(1838-1900) and had a son David Kelly Guthrie (1874-1934) and a son Thomas Clement Guthrie (1867-1924) who married Norah Power (1876-1957).David Kelly Guthrie was a minister of the Free Church in Liberton.

2)      Christina Guthrie, born May 31,1833, died February 17,1895.She married Rev. William Welsh of Mossfennan March 22,1854. Welsh had been educated with Doctor of Divinity and was a member of the Free Church at Broughton and lived at Mossfennan.

3)      James Guthrie of Pitforthis, born January 15,1835,died March 2,1920 at Brechin. He married Christina Chalmers Burns (1843-1923), daughter of Rev James Chalmers Burns (1809-1892) and Anne RobertsonA(died 1884).

4)      Patrick Guthrie, born October 1,1836, died November 20,1925,Colinton, near Edinbirgh. Patrick was a banker.

5)      Clementina Guthrie, born June 28,1839, died January 22,1908.

6)      Annie Guthrie, born June 28,1841.She married Stephen Williamson who was a member of parliament.

7)      Thomas Guthrie born November 19,1843, died November 3,1900.He became a farmer near Buenos Ayres, South America.

8)      Alexander Guthrie, born March 10,1846, died December 28,1934. He was a merchant in Liverpool.

9)      Charles John Guthrie,also known as Lord Guthrie, born April 4,1849.He married Jemima Burns (1845-1927) the daughter of Rev. James Chalmers Burns(1809-1892) and Anne Robertson (died 1884).Charles was well known as being the author of several books including (1) Charles J. Guthries Journal of Tourism in America  1867 (2) David Laing-A Memory of his Life and Literary Work 1913 (3) John Knox and John Knox’s House (4) Thomas Carlyle 1916. The national Archives has a photograph of  the Hon. Lord Charles J. Guthrie in official robes dated Mary 2,1908 which was the work of Edward Reuban Yrbury of 1 Hanover St. Edingurgh,Scotland.

10)   Helen Guthrie, born November 30,1851, died July 9,1983. She married David Gray who had been born in Glasgow,Scotland.

11)   John Guthrie, born December 11,1853, died Aug 9,1855.

Much could be written about many members of this family but I have resisted the temptation to do so. Instead I offer below an account from Wikipedia about Thomas Guthrie, the patriarch of the family. “Thomas Guthrie D.D. (1803–1873) (photo opposite)was a Scottish divine and philanthropist, born at Brechin in Angus (at that time also called Forfarshire). He was one of the most popular preachers of his day in Scotland, and was associated with many forms of philanthropy - especially temperance and Ragged Schools, of which he was a founder.

He studied at Edinburgh University for both surgery and anatomy (under Dr Robert Knox) but then concentrated on Theology. He was licenced to preach from 1852, and became the Minister of Arbirlot, in Angus, and then of Free St. John's chapel Edinburgh. Possessed of a commanding presence and voice, and a remarkably effective and picturesque style of oratory, he became perhaps the most popular preacher of his day in Scotland, and was associated with many forms of philanthropy, especially temperance and ragged schools, of which he was a founder. His hard work as a proponent and founder of Ragged Schools led him to be quoted by Samuel Smiles in his famous book Self Help.

He was one of the leaders of the Free Church of Scotland, and raised over £100,000 for manses for its ministers. He was made Moderator of the Free Church of Scotland in 1872. Other roles included manager of Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, work for the Blind Asylum and work at the Night Refuge.

Among his writings are The Gospel in Ezekiel and Plea for Ragged Schools (1847),[4] and The City, its Sins and Sorrows.’Born at Brechin, Forfarshire. Minister successively of Arbirlot and of Greyfriars and St John's parish churches and of free St John's Church in this city’.

Thomas Guthrie died in 1873 and was buried in The Grange Cemetery, Edinburgh. His will left his copy of the National Covenant to the Free Church.

A fine statue in Portland stone to Guthrie stands on Princes Street in Edinburgh, facing Castle Street, by the sculptor F.W.Pomeroy. This was erected in 1910.It bears the following inscriptions:”An eloquent preacher of the gospel. Founder of the Edinburgh Original Ragged Industrial Schools, and by tongue and pen, the apostle of the movement elsewhere. One of the earliest temperance reformers. A friend of the poor and of the oppressed.”

Thomas Guthrie was father of Lord Guthrie and the great-grandfather of Tyrone Guthrie (1900–1971), a theatre director in Britain, Canada and Ireland.” The Tyrone Guthrie referred to above is more correctly given as Sir William Tyrone Guthrie (1900-1971).

Probate records give “Thomas Clement Guthrie of the Crossways, Frant Road,Tunbridge Wells, died February18,1928”. Probate was to his daughter Susan Margaret Guthrie,spinster. He left an estate valued at about 16,500 pounds.

Probate records give “ Norah Emily Gorman Guthrie of Annamakerig Newbliss,County of Monaghan, widow, died July 4,1956.Probate was to Tyrone Guthrie, theatrical producer. She left an estate valued at about 15,900 pounds. The Tyrone Guthrie referred to  was in fact her son Sir William Tyrone Guthrie (1900-1971). Norah had died of a stroke and bequeathed Annaghmakerrig to her son.

THE CHILDREN OF DR THOMAS GUTHRIE AND NORAH EMILY GORMAN GUTHRIE(NEE POWER)

Dr Thomas Guthrie and Norah had two children as follows;

1)      Sir William Tryrone Guthrie(photo opposite) who was born in Tunbridge Wells July 2,1900 and died in 1971. He had married Judith Bretherton, at Annaghmakerrig. Judith died in 1972.Judith was  his sister Susan’s best friend.William, or Tony as he was affectionatly known,  made quite a career himself in the theatrical profession. He was from a family of strict Scottish Presbyterians.William had a long and varied career as an actor and theatre producer. He directed plays at the Old Vic and Sadlers Wells theatres in London, and it was he who brought Laurence Olivier to fame in the role of Hamlet. He was a Tony Award winning Anglo-Irish theatrical director instrumental in the founding of the Stratford Festival of Canada, the Guthrie Theatre in Minneapolis,Minnesota and the Tyrone Guthrie Centre at his family’s home, Annaghmakerrig in County Monaghan,Ireland. In 1961 he was knighted for his services to the theatre. He retired to Annaghmakerrig where, concerned at the rate of emigration from the county, he established a jam factory. He died there in 1971.In his will he directed that after the death of his wife that their home should pass to the government to be used as a retreat for artists and writers, which it was.

The following account about his life and career is from Wikipedia “Sir William Tyrone Guthrie (2 July 1900 – 15 May 1971) was an English theatrical director instrumental in the founding of the Stratford Festival of Canada, the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota and the Tyrone Guthrie Centre, at his family's ancestral home, Annaghmakerrig, near Newbliss in County Monaghan, Ireland.Guthrie was born in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England, the son of Dr Thomas Guthrie (a grandson of the Scottish preacher Thomas Guthrie) and Norah Power. His mother Norah was the daughter of Sir William James Murray Tyrone Power, Commissary-General-in-chief of the British Army from 1863 to 1869 and Martha, daughter of Dr. John Moorhead of Annaghmakerrig House and his Philadelphia-born wife, Susan (née Allibone) Humphreys. His great-grandfather was the Irish actor Tyrone Power. He was also a second cousin of the Hollywood actor Tyrone Power. His sister, Susan Margaret, married his close university friend, fellow Anglo-Irishman Hubert Butler.

He received a degree in history at Oxford University, where he was active in student theatre, and worked for a season at the newly established Oxford Playhouse.In 1924 Guthrie joined the BBC as a broadcaster and began to produce plays for radio. This led to a year directing for the stage with the Scottish National Players, before returning to the BBC to become one of the first writers to create plays designed for radio performance.

During the period from 1929 to 1933 he directed at various theatres, including a production of Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author in 1932. During 1933–1934, and 1936–1945 he was director of the Shakespeare Repertory Company. While in Montreal, Guthrie produced the Romance of Canada series of radio plays for recalling epic moments in Canadian history. The series was broadcast on the Canadian National Railway radio network.Butler translated the text for Guthrie's 1934 production of Anton Chekhov's Cherry Orchard, for perhaps its first English-language production.

In the 1940s Guthrie began to direct operas, to critical acclaim, including a realistic Carmen at Sadler's Wells and the Metropolitan Opera in New York. He also returned to Scotland where, with James Bridie in 1948, he staged the first modern adaptation, by Robert Kemp, of Sir David Lyndsay's grand-scale medieval comedy Ane Satyre of the Thrie Estaitis for the Second Edinburgh International Festival; a landmark event in the modern revival of Scottish theatre. Staged in the city's General Assembly Hall of the Church of Scotland on the Mound, specially adapted for the occasion, it was here that Guthrie's hallmark thrust stage first proved its full worth.

In 1953, he was invited to help launch the Stratford Festival of Canada. Intrigued with the idea of starting a Shakespeare theatre in a remote Canadian location, he enlisted Tanya Moiseiwitsch to further develop his thrust stage design, successfully improvised in Edinburgh, and actors Alec Guinness and Irene Worth to star in the inaugural production of Richard III. All performances in the first seasons took place in a large tent on the banks of the Avon River. He remained as Artistic Director for three seasons, and his work at Stratford had a strong influence in the development of Canadian theatre.In 1963, he founded the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota, designed by Ralph Rapson

In the prologue to his biography James Forsyth wrote, "Anti-Broadway, anti-West End, anti- everything implied in the term 'Legitimate Theatre', he ended up with a legitimate claim to the title of 'most important, British-born theatre director of his time'".[5] Peter Hall wrote, "Among the great originators in British Theatre...Guthrie was a towering figure in every sense. He blazed a trail for the subsidised theatre of the sixties. He showed how to run a company and administer a theatre. And he was a brilliant and at times great director..

Guthrie wrote two major books about the creation of effective drama: Theatre Prospect (1932)[7] and A Life in the Theatre (1959).[8]He was Chancellor of Queen's University Belfast (1963–70).

In 1931 Guthrie married Judith Bretherton, who survived him by only a year. He was knighted in 1961, and died a decade later at his home, Annaghmakerrig, in Newbliss, County Monaghan, Ireland, aged 70, from undisclosed causes. He is buried in the graveyard of Aghabog Church of Ireland in Newbliss”.

Shown above is an image of St Peters Killenny and  a photo of Hubert Butler 1900-1901.

2)     Susan Margaret Guthrie. She was born in 1905 in Tunbridge Wells and was educated at home, and later studied art at the Regent Street Polytechnic, London. In 1930 she married Hubert Marshal Butler(1900-1991)of Maidenhall near Bennettsbridge in co. Kilkenny.Susan was often referred to by her nickname “Peggy”. Hubert Marshal Butler was a close friend of Susan’s brother and was an Anglo-Irish essayist. Susan was actively involved in promoting the arts and was a founder member of Kilkenny Arts Weeks. As noted earlier in this article she was the author of the article about Annaghmakerrig  which appeared in the Irish Arts Review. I would suggest reviewing this article for information about her and her family.Susan was a vibrant and colourful character and was involved in various community enterprises, notably the establishment of the Kilkenny Design Centre. Her husband Hubert worked for the county library service.In the 1920’s and 30’s he traveled extensively in the Balkans. Hubert translated the text for his brother in laws production of Anton Chekhov’s Cherry Orchard ,for perhaps the first English language production.In 1939 he worked with the Quakers to help Jews to escape from Austria (a colony of Jewish Catholic children was established at Ardmore). In the early 1940’s he was based in Geneva. Returning to Maidenhall, Hubert became a founder of the Kilkelly Archaeological Society. A gifted historian and literary figure, he promoted an alternative vision of an Ireland that was non-sectarian, open and tolerant. This tended to embroil him in controversy, especially as he knew more than most about the massacres of Serbian Orthodox Christians by Croatian Catholics during the War. He wrote about the New Geneva colony near Passage East, the Fethard-on-Sea boycott, and other topics. Reviled by extremists in their day,Hubert and Susan Butler became cult figures in 1990’s Ireland.They were both buried at St Peter’s Church Ennisnag churchyard in Kilkenny Ireland.A photograph of the church is given above and an image of the headstone can be found on the internet. The inscription on the headstone reads “ Hubert Butler 1900-1991 and his wife Susan Butler 1905-1996”,with and Irish inscription below.

The following information about Hubert Butler is from Wikepedia. “Hubert Marshal Butler (2 October 1900 – 5 January 1991) was an Irish essayist who wrote on a wide range of topics, from local history and archaeology to the political and religious affairs of eastern Europe before and during World War II.

Born at the family home Maiden Hall outside the village of Bennettsbridge in County Kilkenny, Ireland, Butler graduated in 1922 from St John's College, Oxford, where he studied classics. After being recruited by Sir Horace Plunkett to work for the Irish County Libraries from graduation until 1926, Butler later travelled extensively in Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia, Macedonia and Montenegro before working with the Quakers in Vienna expediting the escape of Jews after the Anschluss.

Butler's father, George Butler, was teaching practical agriculture to Gerald Gallagher on the farm at Maiden Hall when Gallagher applied for a position in the British colonial service, where he became the first officer-in-charge of the Phoenix Islands Settlement Scheme, the last colonial expansion of the British Empire.

Upon the death of George Butler in 1941, Hubert Butler inherited Maiden Hall and returned to live with his family in the house on the banks of the River Nore until his death in 1991. His wife, Susan Margaret — usually referred to as Peggy — was sister of the theatre director Sir William Tyrone Guthrie and the moving force behind foundation of the Kilkenny Art Gallery Society.

Butler sought to encourage understanding of Irish social and political history through study of the land, the people and the primary source materials. He was a co-reviver of the Kilkenny Archaeological Society and through it promoted Catholic-Protestant reconciliation. Always stylish and subtle, his writing used local events as parables for the politics and pressures that accompanied the emergence of the Irish state. His book Ten Thousand Saints was a virtuoso performance, concluding with a theory that the apparently absurd legends of Irish prehistory and theology could provide evidence of the migration of Iron-age tribes around Europe. He illustrated the point by reference to local history and scholarship. Having argued that the saints of Ireland were disguised personifications of the tribes and political factions of Iron-age Ireland, he went on to suggest that the Old Testament could be the same for Jewish prehistory.

After giving a broadcast talk in 1947 about Yugoslavia he was publicly criticised for failing to mention the alleged suffering of Catholics under Josef Broz Tito's regime. He responded by trying to draw attention to another matter he had avoided in his radio talk, and which he saw as a greater scandal: the involvement of Catholic clergy with the Ustaša, a Nazi-installed puppet regime that had waged a genocidal crusade against non-Catholics in part of Yugoslavia during World War II. Butler's efforts in this respect earned him notoriety and public opprobrium in clerical Ireland to the extent that he felt obliged to leave the archaeological society he had played a big part in reviving.

Butler was a keen market gardener as well as a writer and his circle of friends included the Mary Poppins creator Pamela Travers, the journalist Claud Cockburn, and the poet Padraic Colum. He believed strongly in the importance of the family and, as well as playing an active role in keeping his own extended family in touch, he was the founder of the Butler Society.

He is buried five miles from the family home at Ennisnag. The Kilkenny Art Gallery Society's Butler Gallery in Kilkenny Castle was named in honor of Hubert and Peggy(Susan). His books were (1)Ten Thousand Saints: A Study in Irish and European Origins, Wellbrook Press (1972)(2)Ten Thousand Saints: A Study in Irish and European Origins, a new edition, amplified and updated, Lilliput Press (2011)(3)The sub-prefect should have held his tongue, Allen Lane The Penguin Press (London 1990).His translations were (1)Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard. Intro. Tyrone Guthrie. London: H.F.W. Dane & Sons Ltd; Boston.: Baker’s Plays (1934)(2)Leonid Leonov, The Thief. London: Martin Warburg (1931) New York: Vintage (1960).His collected essays published by the Lilliput Press of Dublin were  (1)Escape from the Anthill (1985)(2)The Children of Drancy (1988)(3)Grandmother and Wolf Tone (1990)(4)In the Land of Nod (1996).” There are several other websites that provide some information on the life and times of Hubert marshal Butler.

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